Chapter 2
FIRE CODElinklink

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9-2-1: ADOPTION OF CALIFORNIA FIRE CODE:
9-2-2: AMENDMENTS TO FIRE CODE:

9-2-1: ADOPTION OF CALIFORNIA FIRE CODE: linklink


The 2016 edition of the California fire code, including appendices B, BB, C, CC, D, F, and H, is hereby adopted by reference, subject to the amendments set forth in section 9-2-2 of this chapter, and the same shall be known and may be cited as the fire code of the city of Beverly Hills. (Ord. 16-O-2719, eff. 1-20-2017)
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9-2-2: AMENDMENTS TO FIRE CODE: linklink

The fire code adopted pursuant to section 9-2-1 of this chapter is hereby amended as follows:

Section 104.3 of the California fire code is amended to read as follows:

104.3 Right Of Entry. Whenever it is necessary to make an inspection to enforce the provisions of this code, or whenever the fire code official has reasonable cause to believe that there exists in a building or upon any premises any conditions or violations of this code which make the building or premises unsafe, dangerous or hazardous, the fire code official shall have the authority to enter the building or premises at all reasonable times to inspect or to perform the duties imposed upon the fire code official by this code. If such building or premises is occupied, the fire code official shall present credentials to the occupant and request entry. If such building or premises is unoccupied, the fire code official shall first make a reasonable effort to locate the owner or other person having charge or control of the building or premises and request entry. If entry is refused, the fire code official has recourse to every remedy provided by law to secure entry.

104.3.1 Warrant. When the fire code official has first obtained a proper inspection warrant or other remedy provided by law to secure entry, an owner or occupant or person having charge, care or control of the building or premises shall not fail or neglect, after proper request is made as herein provided, to permit entry therein by the fire code official for the purpose of inspection and examination pursuant to this code.

Section 104.12 is added to the California fire code to read as follows:

104.12 Fire Prevention Bureau Personnel And Police. The chief and members of the fire prevention bureau shall each have the powers of a police officer in performing their duties under this code as follows:

1. Members of the fire department may act as peace officers only as permitted by section 830.37 of the California Penal Code. All members of the fire department with the rank of captain or above and all members of the fire prevention bureau who are peace officers as defined in section 830.37 of the Penal Code and members who have been designated by the fire chief as arson investigators and who have satisfactorily completed the courses of training required by section 832 of the Penal Code are designated as peace officers for the purposes of section 171c, 171d, 25450, 25455 and 25850 of the Penal Code while engaged as members of an arson investigating unit, regularly employed and paid as such, in the detection and apprehension of persons who have violated or who are suspected of having violated any fire law, or while exclusively engaged in the enforcement of law as relating to fire prevention and fire suppression.

2. When requested to do so by the chief, the chief of police is authorized to assign such available police officers as necessary to assist the fire department in enforcing the provisions of this code.

Section 106.1 of the California fire code is adopted without modification as published, to read as follows:

106.1 Inspection Authority. The fire code official is authorized to enter and examine any building, structure, marine vessel, vehicle or premises in accordance with section 104.3 for the purpose of enforcing this code.

Section 106.2.3 is added to the California fire code to read as follows:

106.2.3 Annual Inspection. All properties located in the very high fire hazard severity zone as identified by the Beverly Hills high fire severity zone shall be inspected annually for compliance with state and local brush clearance requirements by the fire official.

All B and M occupancies and other occupancies as determined by the fire code official, shall be inspected at least once in a 2 year period but not more than once a year for state and local fire life safety requirements by the fire code official. Certain occupancies, as determined by the fire code official, shall be inspected annually.

Exception: Compliance verification inspections frequency to be determined by the fire official as needed.

Section 107.3 of the California fire code is adopted as published without modification to read as follows:

107.3 Recordkeeping. A record of periodic inspections, test, servicing and other operations and maintenance shall be maintained on the premises or other approved location for not less than 3 years, or a different period of time where specified in this code or referenced standards. Records shall be made available for inspection by the fire code official, and a copy of the records shall be provided to the fire code official upon request.

The fire code official is authorized to prescribe the form and format of such recordkeeping. The fire code official is authorized to require that certain required records be filed with the fire code official.

Section 109.4 is added to the California fire code to read as follows:

109.4 Violation Penalties And Citations. Persons operating or maintaining an occupancy, premises or vehicle or performing work which requires a permit by this code, who allow a hazard to exist or fail to take immediate action to abate a hazard on such occupancy, premises or vehicle or who fail to obtain a permit prior to start of work which requires such a permit under this code, when ordered or notified to do so by the chief, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

109.4.1 Abatement Of Violation. In addition to the imposition of the penalties herein described, the fire code official is authorized to institute appropriate action to prevent unlawful construction or to restrain, correct or abate a violation; or to prevent illegal occupancy of a structure or premises; or to stop an illegal act, conduct business or occupancy of a structure on or about any premises.

Section 110.1.3 is added to the California fire code to read as follows:

110.1.3 Warning Signs. Whenever the chief shall determine that warning signs are required in the protection of persons or property from injury due to unauthorized entry into dangerous structures or buildings, he shall order such buildings or structures adequately posted with signs reading, "WARNING UNSAFE DO NOT ENTER BY ORDER OF THE BEVERLY HILLS FIRE DEPARTMENT."

It shall be unlawful for any person to enter or remain within any such posted structures or building, except that public officers acting in the course of duty, and representatives of public or private utilities, shall be exempt from the provisions of this section.

Section 113.1 of the California fire code is amended to read as follows:

113.1 Fees. A permit, required by this code, shall not be issued until the fees have been paid to the city, nor shall an amendment to a permit be released until the additional fee, if any, has been paid in accordance with the adopted schedule of fees and charges.

Section 113.5 of the California fire code is amended to read as follows:

113.5 Refunds. The applicable governing body authority is authorized to establish a refund policy. The refund policy shall be as is established by section 9-1-110 of the Beverly Hills administrative code.

Chapter 3 of the California fire code is adopted in its entirety excluding sections 307.2, 308.1.4, 310, 315.2.

Section 304.1.2 of the California fire code is amended to read as follows:

304.1.2 Vegetation. Weeds, grass, vines or other growth that is capable of being ignited and endangering property, shall be cut down and removed by the owner or occupant of the premises. Vegetation clearance requirements shall be in accordance with chapter 49.
[California code of regulation, title 19, division 1, §3.07(b)] Clearances.

(b) Ground Clearance. The space surrounding every building or structure shall be maintained in accordance with the following:

Any person that owns, leases, controls, operates, or maintains any building or structure in, upon, or adjoining any mountainous area or forest-covered lands, brush covered lands, or grass-covered lands, or any land which is covered with flammable material, shall at all times do all of the following:

(1) Maintain around and adjacent to such building or structure a firebreak made by removing and clearing away, for a distance of not less than 30 feet on each side thereof or to the property line, whichever is nearer, all flammable vegetation or other combustible growth. This section does not apply to single specimens of trees, ornamental shrubbery, or similar plants which are used as ground cover, if they do not form a means of rapidly transmitting fire from the native growth to any building or structure.

(2) Maintain around and adjacent to any such building or structure additional fire protection or firebreak made by removing all brush, flammable vegetation, or combustible growth which is located from 30 feet to 100 feet from such building or structure or to the property line, whichever is nearer, as may be required by the enforcing agency if he finds that, because of extra hazardous conditions, a firebreak of only 30 feet around such building or structure is not sufficient to provide reasonable fire safety. Grass and other vegetation located more than 30 feet from such building or structure and less than 18 inches in height above the ground may be maintained where necessary to stabilize the soil and prevent erosion.

(3) Remove that portion of any tree which extends within 10 feet of the outlet of any chimney or stovepipe.

(4) Cut and remove all dead or dying portions of trees located adjacent to or overhanging any building.

(5) Maintain the roof of any structure free of leaves, needles, or other dead vegetative growth.

(6) Provide and maintain at all times a screen over the outlet of every chimney or stovepipe that is attached to any fireplace, stove, or other device that burns any solid or liquid fuel. The screen shall be constructed of nonflammable material with openings of not more than 1/2 inch in size.

(7) Hazardous vegetation and fuels around all applicable buildings and structures shall be maintained in accordance with the following laws and regulations:

(A) Public Resources Code section 4291.

(B) California code of regulations, title 14, division 1.5, chapter 7, subchapter 3, section 1299 (see guidance for implementation "General Guideline To Create Defensible Space").

(C) California Government Code section 51182.

(D) California code of regulations, title 24, part 9, chapter 49.

Section 308.1.6.4 is added to the California fire code to read as follows:

308.1.6.4 Open Flame Gas Fired Decorative Torches. Open flame decorative appliances shall comply with section 308.2 and the following requirements:

308.1.6.4.1 Installation.

1. All torch burner heads shall be approved by the fire department or shall be listed by an approved testing laboratory or agency. Torch burner heads shall be installed a minimum of eight feet from the ground level.

2. A radius of ten feet shall be maintained between the torch burner and combustible materials, including all vegetation.

3. Torch flames shall not exceed 24" inches in length, except by special approval of the fire department. Every burner shall be equipped with an approved automatic pilot light and manually controlled shutoff valve located in the main gas supply line.

4. An approved shutoff valve shall be located at or near the base of the torch, and a labeled secondary shutoff valve shall be located at an easily accessible remote location.

5. Minimum pipe size of torch standard shall be 1 inch. If length of torch standard exceeds 8 feet, pipe size shall be not less than 11/2 inches.

6. If torch is exposed to mechanical damage or vehicular traffic, adequate protection shall be provided. Torch standards mounted on the ground shall be imbedded 12 inches into a 15 inch cube of concrete or such other standards that will resist equal force.

Section 308.2.1 is added to the California fire code to read as follows:

308.2.1 Open Flame Gas Fired Decorative Torches. Open flame decorative appliances shall comply with section 308.1.6.4 and the following approval and permit requirements:

1. Applicant shall first apply to the Beverly Hills community development department, building and safety for a permit application, and submit two (2) sets of scale drawings, showing building, property line and public ways. Location of remote shutoff valves should also be shown.

2. Applicant shall submit one (1) copy of plans to the fire department for approval. The torch location, piping, shut offs and clearances shall be shown.

3. If the torch body or flame extends over a public street or sidewalk, applicant shall submit plans for approval to the community development department, building and safety.

4. Any electrical wiring shall be installed under electrical permit obtained from community development department, building and safety division.

Section 503 of the California fire code is adopted.

Section 504.1 of the California fire code is amended to read as follows:

504.1 Required Access. Exterior doors and openings required by this code shall be maintained readily accessible for emergency access by the fire department. An approved access walkway leading from fire apparatus access roads to exterior openings shall be provided when required by the fire code official. Required access shall have locks with exterior key access and an approved, exterior, door opening hardware. Keys for required access shall be made readily available with a fire department knox box.

[California Code Of Regulations, Title 19, Division 1, §3.05(b)] Fire Department Access And Egress. (Roofs)

(b) Roofs. No person shall install or maintain any security barrier such as barbed wire fencing, razor wire fencing, chain link fencing or any other fencing material, cable, aerial, antenna or other obstruction on the roof of any commercial establishment in such a manner as to obstruct or render egress or access hazardous in the event of fire or other emergency.

Exception: Guy wire, rods and aerial antenna masts may be attached to a roof structure having a slope of less than 30 degrees provided there is full clearance of seven feet or more between the roof and said obstruction. Guy wire or rods required to support aerial or antenna masts may be attached to a roof structure a lateral distance from the mast not in excess of one-sixth the height of the mast.

Section 505.1 of the California fire code is amended to read as follows:

505.1 Address Identification. New and existing buildings shall be provided with approved address numbers or letters. Each character shall be not less than 4 inches (102 mm) in height for residential properties and a minimum of 6 inches high for non-residential properties and not less than 0.5 inch (12.7 mm) in width. They shall be installed on a contrasting background and be plainly visible from the street or road fronting the property. When required by the city fire code official, address numbers shall be provided in additional approved locations to facilitate emergency response. Where access is by means of a private road and the building address cannot be viewed from the public way, a monument, pole or other approved sign or means shall be used to identify the structure. Address numbers shall be maintained.

505.1.1 Building Numbering Requirements. The entrances to all buildings from public streets shall have the numbers designated by the city building official conspicuously displayed near the entrance of the structure in a manner that they are in plain view from the street. Structures which have access from a rear alley, in addition to the numbering required by this section, shall for purposes of emergency response, provide numbering and street identification which is clearly visible from the rear alley access in accordance with the following provisions:

1. The name of the street and street number as assigned by the city building official shall be visible from the alley and located adjacent to the alley access to the structure.

2. The address markings shall be placed five (5') feet above the alley surface, with numbers four (4") inches in height and letters two (2") inches in height, and placed upon the structure, wall, fence, gate, or other appropriate surface so as to be clearly visible.

3. If any property owner shall fail to provide the address identification required by this subsection on the premises, the city may provide and affix such address identification markings at no cost to the property owner. Where identification markings are provided by the city, no person shall remove, deface, or modify such markings without the written authorization of the city fire code official.

4. When structure access doors are available from the alley or side street for a single tenant or occupant, the door shall be provided with address numbering and street name identification including unit numbers or letters in a manner approved by the city fire code official.

Section 506.1.3 of the California fire code is amended to read as follows:

506.1.3 Locks And Key Switches. An approved key switch or pad lock shall be installed on motorized or lockable gates, perimeter fencing or similar barricades that obstruct access to a property when required by the fire code official.

Section 604.5.2 is added to the California fire code to read as follows:

604.5.2 State Mandated Annual Hi-Rise Inspections. During all state mandated annual hi-rise inspections, main power shall be disconnected from the building, and the on-site stand-by or emergency generator shall be run during the entire inspection to verify transfer switch operation and the illumination of all exit signs, means of egress lighting, and all other emergency power loads.

Subsection 901.2.2 is added to the California fire code to read as follows:

901.2.2 Hydraulic Water Calculations. All fire sprinkler systems shall be designed with a 10% safety factor for hydraulic water calculations.

Section 903.2 of the California fire code is amended to read as follows:

903.2 Where Required.

A. Approved automatic sprinkler systems in new buildings and structures shall be required for all occupancies, except detached storage sheds that are less than five hundred (500) square feet which do not store motor vehicles.

B. Approved automatic sprinkler systems shall be required in all existing buildings if: (i) additions, alterations or repairs are made within any twelve (12) month period which exceed fifty percent (50%) of the value of such existing building, (ii) an addition is constructed which exceeds fifty percent (50%) of the square footage of the existing building, or (iii) an addition of more than five thousand (5,000) square feet is constructed.

C. Areas occupied by the following existing occupancies shall have installed an automatic fire extinguishing system in compliance with this code:

(1). Throughout all existing eating establishments having a floor area in excess of three thousand (3,000) square feet, including all related floor area including but not limited to food preparation and waiting areas.

(2). Throughout bowling alleys.

(3). Throughout public assembly occupancies having an occupant load of three hundred (300) or more persons. If such occupancies are located above the first floor, the floors below shall be provided with an automatic sprinkler system; provided further, public assembly occupancies of three hundred (300) or more persons placed in buildings existing prior to August 19, 1976, shall not be required to provide an automatic fire-extinguishing system in floors below such occupancy.

(4). Throughout hotels except those areas used exclusively for lodging.

(5). Throughout retail sales rooms classified as group M and S occupancies if the floor area of all floors exceeds twelve thousand (12,000) square feet, and in group M and S retail sales and storage occupancies more than three (3) stories in height, and in group M and S occupancies, if such occupancies are located within the same building or structure as group R-1 occupancies. The area of mezzanines shall be included in determining the areas where sprinklers are required.

(6). Nightclubs and discos in rooms primarily used for entertaining occupants who are drinking or dining and unseparated accessory uses where the total area of such unseparated rooms and assembly uses exceeds three thousand (3,000) square feet. For uses to be considered "separated," the separation shall be not less than is required for a one-hour occupancy separation.

(7). In every story or basement of all buildings if the floor area exceeds fifteen hundred (1,500) square feet and there is not provided at least twenty (20) square feet of opening entirely above the adjoining ground level in each 50 linear feet or fraction thereof of exterior wall in the story or basement on at least one side of the building. Openings shall have a minimum dimension of not less than thirty (30) inches. Such openings shall be accessible to the fire department from the exterior and shall not be obstructed in a manner that fire fighting or rescue cannot be accomplished from the exterior. When openings in a story are provided on only one side and the opposite wall of such story is more than seventy-five (75) feet from such openings, the story shall be provided with an approved automatic sprinkler system, or openings as specified above shall be provided on at least two sides of an exterior wall of the story.

(8). In rooms where nitrate film is stored and handled.

(9). In protected combustible fiber storage vaults as defined in the fire code.

D. Approved automatic sprinkler systems shall be required for new ambulatory health care facilities (as that term is defined herein) located in an existing building or portion thereof, and that are classified as a business group B or institutional group I-2.1 occupancy.

Sections 903.2.1 through 903.2.10 of the California fire code (and the subsections therein) are hereby deleted in their entirety.

Section 903.2.11 of the California fire code is amended to read as follows:

903.2.11 Specific Building Areas And Hazards. In all occupancies an automatic sprinkler system shall be installed for building design or hazards in the location set forth in section 903.2.11.1 through 903.2.11.11.

Section 903.2.11.7 is added to the California fire code to read as follows:

903.2.11.7 Elevator Pits. Approved automatic sprinklers shall be provided in new elevator pits.

Section 903.2.11.8 is added to the California fire code to read as follows:

903.2.11.8 Storage And Use Of Nitrate Film. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout all new and existing rooms where nitrate film is stored and handled.

Section 903.2.11.9 is added to the California fire code to read as follows:

903.2.11.9 Fiber Storage Vaults. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided in new and existing combustible fiber storage vaults as defined in the fire code.

Section 903.2.11.10 is added to the California fire code to read as follows:

903.2.11.10 Bowling Alleys. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout all new and existing bowling alleys.

Section 903.2.11.11 is added to the California fire code to read as follows:

903.2.11.11 Balconies And Decks. Sprinkler protection shall be provided for exterior overhangs, balconies, decks, and ground floor patios of all structures that project outward more than 4 feet of exterior wall of the floor immediately below the projection. Balconies and decks built onto a non-sprinklered structure that projects outward more than 4 feet of exterior wall of the floor immediately below the projection shall be sprinklered.

Section 903.3.1.2 including subsections 903.3.1.2.1 and 903.3.1.2.2 of the California fire code, are deleted and replaced with the following:

903.3.1.2 NFPA 13R Sprinkler Systems. This section including subsections are deleted. NFPA 13R systems are not allowed in the city of Beverly Hills.

Section 903.3.1.3.1 is added to the California fire code to read as follows:

903.3.1.3.1 Double Check Valve. Two check valves are required to be installed at each fire sprinkler riser in NFPA 13D systems and an approved backflow assembly (DCDA, DCVA, or RPZ) for NFPA 13 systems.

Section 903.3.1.3.2 is added to the California fire code to read as follows:

903.3.1.3.2 Fire Sprinkler Riser Assemblies. Where fire sprinklers are required, each separate structure shall have fire sprinkler riser assembly with a main control valve, separate domestic valves, identification signage, and exterior horn strobe(s). Appropriate spare sprinklers and wrenches shall be provided in an approved box and location.

Section 903.3.7 of the California fire code is amended to read as follows:

903.3.7 Fire Department Connections. The location and size of fire department connection shall be approved by the fire code official and the connection shall be installed in accordance with section 912.

Section 903.4 of the California fire code is amended to read as follows:

903.4 Sprinkler System Supervision And Alarms. All valves controlling the water supply for NFPA 13 and 13D automatic sprinkler systems, pumps, tanks, water levels and temperatures, critical air pressures, and water-flow switches on all NFPA 13 and 13D sprinkler systems shall have all valves locked in the open position as required by the fire official and be electrically supervised by a listed fire alarm control unit. Where the combination of new and existing sprinkler systems totaling 20 sprinkler heads or more on one property are being modified or altered, the entire sprinkler system shall be monitored off-site by an approved supervising station (central, remote or proprietary).

Exceptions:

1. New and existing sprinkler systems with a combined total of 19 heads or less on one property.

2. Electrical supervision of valves on 13D systems shall not be required.

Section 903.4.2 of the California fire code is amended to read as follows:

903.4.2 Alarms. Approved interior audible and audible/visible devices shall be connected to every NFPA 13 and 13D automatic sprinkler system in an approved location(s). Approved, exterior audible/visible devices shall be connected to every NFPA 13 and 13D automatic sprinkler system and installed in an approved location(s). Such sprinkler water-flow alarm devices shall be activated by water flow equivalent to the flow of a single sprinkler of the smallest orifice size installed in the system. Where a building fire alarm system is installed, actuation of the automatic sprinkler system shall actuate the building fire alarm system. Approved alarm notification appliances shall be provided throughout as required by the fire code official.

Section 905.11 of the California fire code is added to read as follows:

905.11 Existing Buildings. Existing structures with occupied floors located 3 or more stories above or below the lowest level of fire department access shall be equipped with standpipes installed in accordance with section 905. The standpipes shall have an approved fire department connection with hose connections at each floor level above or below the lowest level of fire department access. The fire code official is authorized to approve the installation of manual standpipe systems to achieve compliance with this section where the responding fire department is capable of providing the required hose flow at the highest standpipe outlet.

Section 907.2.10.3 of the California fire code is amended to read as follows:

Section 907.2.10.3 Smoke Alarms. Listed single- and multiple-station smoke alarms complying with UL 217 for all new and existing R-occupancies shall be installed as described in sections 907.2.11.1 through 907.2.11.8 and NFPA 72.

Section 907.2.11.5 of the California fire code is amended to read as follows:

907.2.11.5 Interconnection. Where more than one smoke alarm is required to be installed within an individual dwelling unit or sleeping unit in group R occupancies, the smoke alarms shall be interconnected in such a manner that the activation of one alarm will activate all of the alarms in the individual unit. Physical interconnection of smoke alarms shall not be required where listed wireless alarms are installed and all alarms sound upon activation. The alarm shall be clearly audible in all bedrooms over background noise levels with all intervening doors closed. When low-voltage systems are required, the fire official may require additional sounder bases installed. Low voltage systems shall be installed per NFPA 72 fire alarm system requirements.

Exceptions:

1. Interconnection is not required in buildings which are not undergoing alterations, repairs or construction of any kind.

2. Smoke alarms in existing areas are not required to be interconnected where alterations or repairs do not result in the removal of interior wall or ceiling finishes exposing the structure, unless there is an attic, crawl space or basement available which could provide access for interconnection without the removal of interior finishes.

Section 907.2.11.6 of the California fire code is amended to read as follows:

907.2.11.6 Power Source. In existing construction, new construction, and in newly classified group R occupancies, required smoke alarms shall receive their primary power from the building wiring where such wiring is served from a commercial source and shall be equipped with a battery backup. Smoke alarms shall emit a signal when the batteries are low. Wiring shall be permanent and without a disconnecting switch other than as required for overcurrent protection.

Exception: Smoke alarms are not required to be equipped with battery backup where they are connected to an emergency electrical system.

Section 907.5.2.6 is added to the California fire code to read as follows:

907.5.2.6 All Use Areas. Visible alarm notification appliances shall be provided in all occupied rooms where ambient noise impairs hearing of the fire alarm including but not limited to residential home theaters, public dressing, changing or fitting rooms with full height doors or curtains that obstruct seeing the visible notification appliances, or businesses with rooms where patients await medical care or consultation is provided.

Section 1008.2 of the California fire code is amended to read as follows:

1008.2 Illumination Required. The means of egress serving a room or space shall be illuminated at all times that the room or space is occupied.

Exceptions:

1. Aisle accessways in group A.

2. Dwelling units and sleeping units in groups R-1, R-2 and R-3.

3. Sleeping units in group I, R-2.1 and R-4 occupancies.

1008.2.1 Illumination Level Under Normal Power. The means of egress illumination level shall be not less than 1 footcandle (11 lux) at the walking surface.

Exception: For auditoriums, theaters, concert or opera halls and similar assembly occupancies, the illumination at the walking surface is permitted to be reduced during performances by one of the following methods provided that the required illumination is automatically restored upon activation of a premises' fire alarm system:

1. Externally illuminated walking surfaces shall be permitted to be illuminated to not less than 0.2 footcandle (2.15 lux).

2. Steps, landings and the sides of ramps shall be permitted to be marked with self-luminous materials in accordance with sections 1025.2.1, 1025.2.2 and 1025.2.4 by systems listed in accordance with UL 1994.

1008.2.2 Exit Discharge. In group I-2 occupancies where two or more exits are required, on the exterior landings required by section 1010.6.1, means of egress illumination levels for the exit discharge shall be provided such that failure of any single lighting unit shall not reduce the illumination level on that landing to less than 1 footcandle (11 lux).

Section 1008.3 of the California fire code is amended to read as follows:

1008.3 Emergency Power For Illumination. The power supply for means of egress illumination shall normally be provided by the premises' electrical supply.

1008.3.1 General. In the event of power supply failure in rooms and spaces that require two or more means of egress, an emergency electrical system shall automatically illuminate all of the following areas:

1. Aisles.

2. Corridors.

3. Exit access stairways and ramps.

4. Parking garages.

1008.3.2 Buildings. In the event of power supply failure in buildings that require two or more means of egress, an emergency electrical system shall automatically illuminate all of the following areas:

1. Interior exit access stairways and ramps.

2. Interior and exterior exit stairways and ramps.

3. Exit passage ways.

4. Vestibules and areas on the level of discharge used for exit discharge in accordance with section 1028.1.

5. Exterior landings as required by section 1010.1.6 for exit doorways that lead directly to the exit discharge.

1008.3.3 Rooms And Spaces. In the event of power supply failure, an emergency electrical system shall automatically illuminate all of the following areas:

1. Electrical equipment rooms.

2. Fire command centers.

3. Fire pump rooms.

4. Generator rooms.

5. Public restrooms with an area greater than 300 square feet (27.87 m2).

1008.3.4 Duration. The emergency power system shall provide power for a duration of not less than 90 minutes and shall consist of storage batteries, unit equipment or an on-site generator. The installation of the emergency power system shall be in accordance with section 2702.

1008.3.5 Illumination Level Under Emergency Power. Emergency lighting facilities shall be arranged to provide initial illumination that is not less than an average of 1 footcandle (11 lux) and a minimum at any point of 0.1 footcandle (1 lux) measured along the path of egress at floor level. Illumination levels shall be permitted to decline to 0.6 footcandle (6 lux) average and a minimum at any point of 0.06 footcandle (0.6 lux) at the end of the emergency lighting time duration. A maximum-to-minimum illumination uniformity ratio of 40 to 1 shall not be exceeded. In group I-2 occupancies, failure of any single lighting unit shall not reduce the illumination level to less than 0.2 foot-candle (2.2 lux).

Section 1010.1.9.12 of the California fire code is amended to read as follows:

1010.1.9.12 Access-Controlled Elevator Lobby Egress Doors. When approved by the fire official, the entrance doors within an elevator lobby in a means of egress of midrise and highrise buildings serving offices that are equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with section 903.3.1.1 and an approved automatic smoke detection system installed in accordance with section 907, are permitted to be equipped with an approved entrance and egress access control system which shall be installed in accordance with all of the following criteria:

1. The building is provided throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with section 903.3.1.1.

2. A smoke detector is installed on the ceiling on the tenant side of the elevator lobby doors along the center line of the door opening, not less than 1 foot and not more than 5 feet from the door opening, and is connected to the fire alarm system.

3. A remote master switch capable of unlocking the elevator lobby doors shall be provided in the fire command center for use by the fire department.

4. Locks for the elevator lobby shall be UL and California state fire marshal listed fail-safe type locking mechanisms. The locking device shall automatically release on activation of any fire alarm device on the floor of alarm (waterflow, smoke detector, manual pull station, etc.) All locking devices shall unlock, but not unlatch, upon activation.

5. A two-way voice communication system, utilizing dedicated lines, shall be provided from each locked elevator lobby to the 24-hour staffed location on site, annunciated as to location. Operating instructions shall be posted above each two-way communication device.

Exception: When approved by the fire chief, two-way voice communication system to an off-site facility may be permitted where means to remotely unlock the access controlled doors from the off-site facility are provided.

6. Provide an approved momentary mushroom shaped palm button connected to the doors and installed adjacent to each locked elevator lobby exit door which will release the door locks when operated by an individual in the elevator lobby. The locks shall be reset manually at the door. Mount palm button so that center line is 48 inches (1219 mm) above finish door.

Provide a sign stating:

IN CASE OF EMERGENCY, PUSH PALM
BUTTON. DOOR WILL UNLOCK AND
SECURITY ALARM WILL SOUND.
PROCEED TO EXIT.


The sign lettering shall be 3/4-inch (19.1 mm) high letters by 1/8-inch (3.2 mm) width stroke on a contrasting background.

7. Loss of power to that part of the access control system which locks the doors shall automatically unlock the doors.

Section 1023.9 of the California fire code is amended to read as follows:

1023.9 Stairway Identification Signs. A sign shall be provided at each floor landing in an interior exit stairway and ramp connecting more than two stories designating the floor level, the terminus of the top and bottom of the interior exit stairway and ramp and the identification of the stair or ramp. The signage shall also state the story of, and the direction to, the exit discharge and the availability of roof access from the interior exit stairway and ramp for the fire department. The sign shall be located 5 feet (1524 mm) above the floor landing in a position that is readily visible when the doors are in the open and closed positions. Signs shall be installed on the interior of the stairways on each floor and on the exterior door of each stair door at the ground level, to identify each stair landing and indicate the upper and lower termination of the stairway. Floor level identifications and markings shall remain consistent throughout the entire property or building including, but not limited to lobbies, hallways, parking levels, and basement levels.

In addition to the stairway identification sign, raised character and Braille floor identification signs that comply with chapter 11B shall be located at the landing of each floor level, placed adjacent to the door on the latch side, in all enclosed stairways in buildings two or more stories in height to identify the floor level. At the exit discharge level, the sign shall include a raised five pointed star located to the left of the identifying floor level. The outside diameter of the star shall be the same as the height of the raised characters.

Section 1023.9.1 of the California fire code is amended to read as follows:

1023.9.1 Signage Requirements. Stairway identification signs shall comply with all of the following requirements:

1. The signs shall be a minimum size of 18 inches (457 mm) by 12 inches (305 mm).

2. The letters designating the identification of the interior exit stairway and ramp shall be a minimum of 11/2 inches (38 mm) in height.

3. The number designating the floor level shall be a minimum of 5 inches (127 mm) in height with 3/4-inch (19 mm) strokes and located in the center of the sign. The mezzanine levels shall have the letter "M" preceding the floor level. Basement levels shall have the letter "B" preceding the floor number.

4. All other lettering and numbers shall be a minimum of 1 inch (25 mm) in height.

5. The stairway's upper terminus, such as ROOF ACCESS or NO ROOF ACCESS, shall be placed under the stairway identification in 1-inch-high (25 mm) block lettering with 1/4-inch (mm) strokes.

6. The lower and upper terminus of the stairway shall be placed at the bottom of the sign in 1-inch-high (25 mm) block lettering with 1/4 inch (mm) strokes.

7. Characters and their background shall have a nonglare finish. Characters shall contrast with their background, with either light characters on a dark background or dark characters on a light background.

8. When signs required by section 1022.8 are installed in interior exit enclosures of buildings subject to section 1024, the signs shall be made of the same materials as required by section 1024.4.

9. Signs shall also be installed on the exterior of all ground level stairway doors.

Section 1031.10 is added to the California fire code to read as follows:

1031.10 Existing Unsafe Means Of Egress. The building official or fire official may require unsafe means of egress requirements to comply with section 1008, when the minimum number of exits are not readily available or are restricted during an emergency.

Section 1031.11 is added to the California fire code to read as follows:

1031.11 Fire Escape Maintenance. Fire escapes shall be kept clear and unobstructed at all times and shall be maintained in a good working order.

Section 3103.2 of the California fire code is amended to read as follows:

3103.2 Approval Required. Tents and membrane structures having an area in excess of forty (40) square feet and canopies in excess of forty (40) square feet shall not be erected, operated or maintained for any purpose without first obtaining a permit and approval from the fire code official.

Section 3103.5 of the California fire code is amended to read as follows:

3103.5 Use Period. Unless otherwise authorized by the city building official, no tent, awning, canopy or temporary membrane structure in excess of forty (40) square feet shall be erected or maintained on private property within the city in excess of ten (10) days.

Section 3103.6 of the California fire code is amended to read as follows:

3103.6 Construction Documents. A detailed site and floor plan for tents or membrane structure 40 square feet or more shall be provided with each application for approval. Applications for approval shall be provided to the reviewing authority 10 days before the tent or membrane structure is to be erected. The tent or membrane structure floor plan shall indicate details of means of egress facilities, seating capacity, arrangement of the seating and location and type of heating and electrical equipment.

Section 4902.1 of the California fire code is amended by adding the following definitions:

Vegetative Growth. Any native brush, or weeds, or grass, or specimen native shrub, or any live, or dead organic material as designated by the fire chief.

Very High Fire Hazard Severity Zone. That area included within the boundaries described and set forth in a map maintained by the fire chief on file in the office of the fire prevention bureau.

Native Brush. All varieties of vegetative growth other than trees, that are indigenous to and found within the very high fire hazard severity zone except those plants that are identified as `fire resistive plants' in a list established and maintained by the fire chief.

Non-Very High Fire Hazard Severity Zone. That area within the city limits not included within the boundaries described and set forth in a map maintained by the fire chief on file in the office of the fire prevention bureau.

Specimen Native Shrub. An individual shrub that is within the definition of `native brush' and that is trimmed up one-third of its height or six (6') feet above the ground, whichever is less, and from the vicinity of which has been removed all dead wood, duff, and combustible litter; and that is not among those plants identified as `extremely hazardous native brush' in a list established and maintained by the fire chief.

Structure. That which is built or constructed, including an edifice or building of any kind, or any piece of work artificially built up or composed of parts joined together in some definite manner.

Fuel Modification Zone. The area existing between one hundred (100') feet and two hundred (200') feet, in any direction from any structure, unless otherwise specified by the chief.

Section 4904.3 is added to the California fire code to read as follows:

4904.3 Very High Fire Hazard Severity Zone Map. The city of Beverly Hills city council hereby designates very high fire hazard severity zones as recommended by the director of the California department of forestry and fire protection and as designated on a map titled very high fire hazard severity zone, May 1, 2008 and retained on file at the office of the fire marshal, 445 North Rexford Drive.

Section 4906.2 of the California fire code is amended to read as follows:

4906.2 Application. Buildings and structures located in the following areas shall maintain the required hazardous vegetation and fuel management:

1. All unincorporated lands designated by the state board of forestry and fire protection as state responsibility area (SRA) including:

a. Moderate fire hazard severity zones.

b. High fire hazard severity zones.

c. Very-high fire hazard severity zones.

2. Land designated as very-high fire hazard severity zone by the Beverly Hills high fire zone map shall comply with section 4906.3.1.

3. Land not designated as very-high fire hazard severity zone of the Beverly Hills high fire zone map shall be known as non-high fire hazard severity zones and shall comply with chapter 49 and Beverly Hills amendments of the California fire code.

Sections 4906.3.1 and 4906.3.2 are added to the California fire code to read as follows:

4906.3.1 Very High Fire Hazard Severity Zone Required Maintenance. Persons owning, leasing, controlling, operating or maintaining buildings or structures in, upon or adjoining very high fire hazard severity zone fire areas, and persons owning, leasing or controlling land adjacent (within 200 feet) to such buildings or structures, shall at all times comply with the following requirements:

1. All native brush, weeds, grass, and hazardous vegetation situated within one hundred feet (100') of any structure, regardless of whether said structure is located upon such land or upon adjacent land shall be maintained at a height of not more than three inches (3") above the ground.

2. Reduce the fuel load within the fuel modification zone (100' to 200') around any structure regardless of whether said structure is located upon such land or upon adjacent land.

Exception: Specimen native shrubs may be retained throughout the first 100 feet provided they are: spaced at a distance not less than eighteen feet (18') from other native shrubs, brush or structures; maintained free of dead wood and litter; and trimmed up at least six feet (6') from the ground or 1/3 of their height, whichever is less.

3. All native brush, weeds, grass and hazardous vegetation within ten feet (10') of any combustible fence shall be maintained at a height of not more than three inches (3") above the ground.

4. Remove all trees, shrubs, bushes, and other growing vegetation or portions thereof, adjacent to or overhanging any structure shall be kept free of dead limbs, branches, and other combustible matter.

5. All trees shall be trimmed up five feet (5') from the ground and maintained so that no portion is closer than ten feet (10') from the outlet of any chimney.

6. Maintain five feet (5') of vertical clearance between roof surfaces and portions of trees overhanging any building or structure.

7. All roof structures shall be kept free of substantial accumulations of leaves, needles, twigs, and other combustible matter.

8. Remove all cut vegetation and debris and legally dispose of. All vegetation, native or otherwise, shall be maintained so as not to constitute a fire hazard or public nuisance.

9. Clear all hazardous vegetation and other combustible growth within the first 100 feet surrounding all structures. Reduce the amount and/or modify the arrangement of hazardous vegetation within the fuel modification zone.

10. Prune the branches from the lower third of any native plants kept in this area. If the plant is over 18 feet in height, only the lower six feet (6') must be pruned. Heavy brush must be `trimmed up' so that all foliage in the lower third of the plant is removed. Remove any dead plants (leave the lowest 3" and root structure to help prevent erosion).

11. Remove dead material from live plants, trees, or other vegetation.

12. Remove or process all cut vegetation as follows: may be machine processed and left on the property to a maximum depth of three inches (3"), so long as none of the material is left within one hundred feet (100') of any structure. Machine processed material shall not be placed within ten feet (10') of usable road surfaces or driveways.

13. Maintain all landscape vegetation, including, but not limited to, conifers (e.g., cedar, cypress, fir, juniper, and pine), eucalyptus, acacia, palm and pampas grass in such a condition as not to provide an available fuel supply to augment the spread or intensity of a fire.

4906.3.2 Non-Very High Fire Hazard Severity Zone Required Maintenance. Persons owning, leasing, controlling, operating or maintaining buildings or structures in, upon or adjoining high or moderate fire hazard severity zones fire areas, and persons owning, leasing or controlling land adjacent (within 200 feet) to such buildings or structures, shall at all times comply with the following requirements:

1. Remove all trees, shrubs, bushes, and other growing vegetation or portions thereof, adjacent to or overhanging any structure shall be kept free of dead limbs, branches, and other combustible matter.

2. All roof structures shall be kept free of substantial accumulations of leaves, needles, twigs, and other combustible matter.

3. Remove all cut vegetation and debris and legally dispose of. All vegetation, native or otherwise, shall be maintained so as not to constitute a fire hazard or public nuisance.

4. Remove dead material from live plants, trees, or other vegetation.

5. Maintain all landscape vegetation, including, but not limited to, conifers (e.g., cedar, cypress, fir, juniper, and pine), eucalyptus, acacia, palm and pampas grass in such a condition as not to provide an available fuel supply to augment the spread or intensity of a fire.

Section 4906.4 is added to the California fire code to read as follows:

4906.4 Authority Of The Fire Chief To Modify Brush Clearing Requirements. If the fire chief determines in any specific case that difficult terrain, danger of erosion, or other unusual circumstances make strict compliance with the clearance of vegetation provisions of this section undesirable or impractical, he may suspend the enforcement thereof and require reasonable alternative measures. Nothing contained in this subsection shall be deemed to preclude the chief from requiring more than the minimum specific requirements set forth above when the chief determines that conditions exist which necessitate greater fire protection measures.

Section 4906.5 is added to the California fire code to read as follows:

4906.5 Issuance Of Brush Clearance Notice. In addition to any other remedies for violations provided by law, including those remedies set forth in this code, the fire department may issue a "vegetation clearance notice" to the record owner and any tenant, lessee or other possessor of the affected properties, specifying the condition(s) required to be corrected, and setting forth a date by which corrective action must be taken. The fire department may take corrective action at the owner's expense in the event the required correction is not completed. If the owner fails to pay the cost incurred by the fire department to correct such condition(s) following notice of the cost and an opportunity to be heard, the city council may make the expense a lien upon the property where such condition exists.

Section 4906.6 is added to the California fire code to read as follows:

4906.6 Clearance Of Brush Or Vegetative Growth From Roadways. All native brush, weeds, grass and hazardous vegetation situated within ten (10') feet of the outer edge or edges of the usable road surface of any highway, street, alley or driveway serving more than one residence shall be maintained at a height of not more than three (3") inches above the ground.

Section 5601.1.3 is added to the California fire code to read as follows:

5601.1.3 Fireworks Prohibited. No person shall manufacture, store, offer for sale or discharge any fireworks in the city; provided further, fireworks may be discharged in conjunction with a city sponsored event.
(Ord. 16-O-2719, eff. 1-20-2017)
http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&chapter_id=21372#s1170814