Chapter 11
DEFINITIONSlinklink

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10-11-1: TERMS DEFINED:

10-11-1: TERMS DEFINED:linklink


For the purpose of this title, certain numbers, abbreviations, terms, and words shall be used, interpreted and defined as set forth in this chapter. Words not defined herein shall have a meaning consistent with "Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary", latest edition. Unless the context clearly indicates to the contrary, words used in the present tense include the future tense and words used in the plural include the singular.

ABANDON OR ABANDONMENT: To leave, desert, or discontinue a use for a period of at least six (6) months.

ACCESSORY: Refers to a minor use, or structure, or on premises sign which is clearly subordinate to a principal use or structure which has been issued a permit under this title.

ADDITION: Any walled or roofed expansion of a building connected to an existing building by a common load bearing wall other than a firewall. Any walled and roofed addition which is connected by a firewall or is separated by independent perimeter load bearing walls in new construction.

ADJACENT: All properties immediately contiguous to a development site, including those which are separated from the site only by a road or other right of way or easement.

ADULT/SEX ORIENTED FACILITIES AND BUSINESSES: See definition in section 3-5-2 of this code.

ADVERSE IMPACT: Any potential or actual effect (impact) that is or may be harmful or injurious to human health, welfare, safety, or property, to biological productivity, diversity, or stability or which unreasonably interferes with the reasonable use of property. The term includes secondary and cumulative as well as direct effects or impacts.

AGGRIEVED PERSON: The county, the county manager, the county council, commission, the director; applicants; persons, businesses, corporations, institutions, governments or other entities owning property or residing within one thousand feet (1,000') of the exterior boundaries of a proposed development; and any other person having standing to challenge a development permit pursuant to Utah law.

AGRICULTURAL SALES AND SERVICE: An establishment engaged in sale from the premises of feed, grain, fertilizers, pesticides and similar goods or in the provision of agricultural services with incidental storage on lots other than where the service is rendered. Typical uses include hay, feed and grain stores, agriculture processing facilities, husbandry.

AGRICULTURE: The tilling of soil, raising of crops, foraging, grazing, and animals/fish for commercial agricultural purposes, and not including logging, animal hospitals, recreational activity not normally associated with a farm/ranch, or similar uses.

ALTER OR ALTERATION: To change, rearrange, enlarge, extend, or reduce any structure or part thereof on the same site.

AMORTIZATION: A method of eliminating nonconforming uses by requiring the termination of the nonconforming use after a specified period of time.

ANTENNA: Any system of wires, poles, rods, arms, reflecting discs or similar devices of various sizes, materials and shapes, including, but not limited to, solid or wire mesh dish, cone, spherical or bar configurations used for wireless transmission. Types of antennas include, but are not limited to, the following:

Roof Mounted Antenna: An antenna mounted directly to the roof of a building, mechanical penthouse or parapet enclosure wall which is on the rooftop of a building.

Top Hat Antenna: Spatial array of antennas, generally located on a freestanding structure, where the visible width of antennas and antenna mounting structures are more than two feet (2') in width as viewed looking directly at the structure.

Wall Mounted Antenna: Any antenna mounted directly to the fascia or outside walls of a structure, existing parapet walls, penthouses, or mechanical equipment rooms, with no portion of the antenna extending above the roofline of such structures.

ANTENNA SUPPORT STRUCTURE: A structure, the principal purpose of which is for location of antennas. Types of antenna support structures may include:

A. Lattice Tower: A multiple sided, open steel frame structure used to support one or more antennas.

B. Monopole: A standing antenna support structure placed directly on the ground to support one or more antennas.

APPLICANT: The property owner, or authorized agent of the property owner who files an application for development approval pursuant to this title.

APPLICATION FOR DEVELOPMENT APPROVAL OR APPLICATION: Any written request completed in a manner prescribed in this title for approval or issuance of a development permit, including, but not limited to, general plan or development code amendments, subdivision plats, site plans, specifically planned area plans, building and development permits, variances, administrative relief and appeals, site plans, specific plans, and conditional use permits.

AUTHORIZED AGENT: Any person with valid authority provided by the owner, as evidenced by a notarized document authorizing the agent to represent the owner, and acting on behalf of the owner of land seeking a development permit approval.

AUTO IMPOUNDMENT YARD AND ASSOCIATED TOWING SERVICES: An outdoor storage facility for impound of automobiles brought there by a towing service.

AUTO RENTAL: Rental of automobiles and light trucks and vans, including incidental parking and servicing of vehicles for rent or lease.

AUTO WRECKING YARD: The dismantling or wrecking of used motor vehicles or trailers, or the storage, sale, or dumping of dismantled or wrecked vehicles or their parts.

AUTOMATIC CONTROLLER: A mechanical or solid state timer, capable of operating valve stations to set the days and length of time of a water application.

AUTOMOTIVE REPAIR, SERVICE AND DETAILING: An establishment primarily engaged in the repair of automobiles, noncommercial trucks, motorcycles, motor homes, recreational vehicles, or boats, including the sale, installation, and servicing of equipment and parts. Typical uses include muffler shops, auto repair garages, tire sales and installation, wheel and brake shops, body and fender shops, and similar repair and service activities, but excluding dismantling or salvage.

AUTOMOTIVE SALES: An establishment primarily engaged in the sale or rental of automobiles, noncommercial trucks, motorcycles, motor homes, recreational vehicles, or boats, including incidental storage, maintenance, and servicing. Typical uses include new and used car dealerships, motorcycle dealerships, and boat, trailer, or recreational vehicle dealerships.

AVAILABLE CAPACITY: A determination that the public facility or infrastructure required to serve a development will be available within a reasonable period of time following issuance of a development permit for a proposed development. For purposes of this title, the capacity provided by a public facility shall be considered "available" if such facility is in existence or is a planned capital improvement.

BOA: The board of adjustment of Summit County, Utah.

BANKS AND FINANCIAL SERVICES: An establishment primarily engaged in the provision of financial and banking services. Typical uses include banks, savings and loan institutions, stock and bond broker's loan and lending activities.

BAR: An establishment serving alcoholic beverages for consumption on the premises. The term "bar" shall also include taverns, discotheques, nightclubs, private liquor clubs, saloons and other similar uses.

BASE AREA LIFT: Any lift which persons ordinarily use without first using some other lift.

BASEMENT: That portion of a building having its floor subgrade (below ground level) on any side.

BED AND BREAKFAST INN: An owner occupied residence in which up to eight (8) rooms are rented for overnight lodging to travelers, and where one or more meals is provided to the guests only, the price of which may be included in the room rate.

BERM: A manmade mound of earth contoured so as to form a mound above the general elevation of the adjacent ground or surface and used to shield and buffer various land uses.

BILLBOARD: A freestanding sign used, designed or intended to direct attention to a business, product, or service that is not sold, offered, or existing on the property on which the sign is located.

BOUNDARY LINE: A delineation that indicates or defines limits between differing areas.

BUBBLER: Water emission device that delivers water to the root zone by "flooding" the planted area or that throws water a short distance, one foot (1') or less, before water contacts the ground surface.

BUFFER: A unit of land, together with a specified type and amount of planting thereon, and any structures which may be required between land uses to eliminate or minimize conflicts between them.

BUILDING: Any structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or occupancy.

BUILDING, ACCESSORY: A building or structure which is subordinate to, and the use of which is incidental to that of, the principal building, structure or use on the same lot.

BUILDING AND MAINTENANCE SERVICES: An establishment primarily engaged in the provision of maintenance and custodial services to firms or dwelling units. Typical uses include exterminating services, disinfecting services, janitorial services, landscape maintenance, or window cleaning services.

BUILDING AREA: The portion of a lot which is within the envelope formed by the required yards or setbacks, within which a structure can be located.

BUILDING FRONTAGE: That side of a building which faces and is parallel to or most nearly parallel to a public or private road.

BUILDING HEIGHT: The maximum distance possible measured vertically from grade at any point to the top of a flat or pitched roof or other portion of a structure. (See definitions of Grade, Existing and Grade, Finished.)

BUILDING OFFICIAL: An employee of the county authorized to issue building permits and certificates of occupancy and to assist in the administration of this title.

BUILDING, PRINCIPAL: A building in which is conducted the principal use of the lot on which it is situated, and the use of which must be consistent with the permitted uses of the zone district in which it is located. In a residential zoning district, any dwelling is deemed to be the principal building on the lot on which it is situated.

BUILDING SITE, BUILDING PAD: That part of a parcel of land designed to be occupied by the principal building and any accessory buildings.

BULK: The size and shape of buildings, structures, and nonbuilding uses; and the physical relationship of their exterior walls or construction or their location to lot lines and other buildings or structures or other walls or construction of the same building or structure; and all open spaces required in connection with a building or structure.

BULK REGULATIONS: Regulations dealing with lot area, lot area per dwelling unit, lot frontage, lot width, building height, required yards, courts, usable open space, the ratio of aggregate gross floor area to the area of the lot, spacing between buildings on a single lot, and the length of buildings in a row.

CAMP: An establishment used to provide indoor and outdoor activities including, but not limited to, sports, arts and crafts, entertainment, recreation, educational activities, swimming, fishing, horseback riding, and incidental food service. When incidental to the camp use, camp facilities may be used to provide meeting, recreation, or social facilities for a private association or group.

CAMPGROUND: An area to be used for transient occupancy by camping in tents, camp trailers, travel trailers, motor homes, or similar movable or temporary sleeping quarters of any kind.

CANOPY: A rooflike cover that is nonpermanent in nature and that projects from the wall of a building for the purpose of shielding a doorway or window from the elements.

CAPACITY: The maximum demand that can be accommodated by a public facility without exceeding the adopted level of service.

CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT: An existing public facility with a life expectancy of three (3) or more years, owned and/or operated by or on behalf of a public entity or a private service provider.

CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT, PLANNED: A capital improvement which does not presently exist, but which is included within a capital improvement program or capital budget of a public entity or private service provider and to which funding has been committed pursuant to a currently available revenue source.

CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS PROGRAM: A plan, organized by category of public facilities, including those capital improvements and that portion of their costs which are attributable to serving new development within designated service areas or impact areas over a period of specified years. "Capital improvements program" may refer either to the plan for a particular service area or to the aggregation of capital improvements and the associated costs programmed for all service areas for a particular category of public facilities.

CAR WASH: An establishment primarily engaged in the washing and cleaning of passenger or recreational vehicles using automated equipment operated by one or more attendants or self-service facilities using customer operated equipment activated by a coin, token, card, or other similar means.

CEMETERY: The use or intended use of land for the burial of the dead, including pets, and dedicated for cemetery purposes, including columbariums, crematoriums, mausoleums, and mortuaries when operated in conjunction with and within the boundaries of such cemetery.

CENTRAL WATER SYSTEM: A public or private water company formed to serve development and which provides water treatment and distribution facilities. Also referred to as a community water system.

CERTIFY: Whenever this title requires an agency or official to certify the existence of fact or circumstance, such certification may be made in any manner, oral or written, which provides reasonable assurance of the accuracy of the certification.

CHANGE OF USE: Any use which differs from the previous use of a building or land.

CHECK VALVE: A valve used in a pipeline that allows flow in only one direction.

CHILDCARE CENTER: Any place operated by a person, society, agency, corporation, institution, or any other group that is licensed by the state wherein are received nine (9) or more children under seventeen (17) years of age who are not related to such person and whose parents or guardians are not residents in the same house and with such person, society, agency, corporation, or institution responsible for the control and care of children enrolled therein.

CHILDCARE CENTER, IN HOME: Providing childcare services within a dwelling that is licensed by the state wherein are received nine (9) or more children under seventeen (17) years of age who are not related to such person and whose parents or guardians are not residents in the same house with such person responsible for the control and care of children enrolled therein.

CHILDCARE, FAMILY: A childcare facility operated by a party who resides at the premises used for childcare services, which provides service for fewer than nine (9) children.

CHILDCARE, IN HOME BABYSITTING: Providing childcare services within a dwelling home for four (4) or less children.

CHURCH: An institution that persons regularly attend to participate in religious services, meetings, and other related activities.

CLUSTER: A development design technique that concentrates buildings in specific areas on a site to allow the remaining land to be used for recreation, common open space, other open space and for preservation of environmentally sensitive and critical areas.

COMMERCIAL KENNEL: Any premises, except where accessory to an agricultural use, where five (5) or more dogs, over four (4) months of age are boarded, trained, groomed, bred, and/or offered for sale for commercial use. The selling of one litter of offspring per year, per premises, shall not be construed as commercial.

COMMISSION: The Snyderville Basin planning commission, the appointment and duties of which are provided for in section 17-27-204 et seq., of the Utah code and section 10-9-10 of this title.

COMMITMENT OF SERVICE LETTER: An irrevocable, contractual commitment in a letter form issued by a water supplier to a developer or customer, in consideration for payment of the water supplier's impact and/or connection fees.

COMMON OWNERSHIP: Ownership by the same person, corporation, firm, entity, partnership, or unincorporated association; or ownership by different corporations, firms, partnerships, entities, or unincorporated associations, in which a stock owner, partner, or associate, or a member of his family owns an interest in each corporation, firm, partnership, entity, or unincorporated association.

COMPATIBILITY: The ability to locate new land uses beside existing land uses without causing adverse impacts.

CONCURRENCY: Requirement that applications for development permits demonstrate that adequate public facilities are available at prescribed levels of service concurrent with the impact or occupancy of the development.

CONDOMINIUM: Any structure which has been submitted to condominium ownership under the provisions of the Utah condominium ownership act, whether for residential, nonresidential, and any other use.

CONFORMING SIGN: A sign that is existing as of June 17, 1996, which complies with the standards set forth in this title.

CONSISTENT: An amendment to the Snyderville Basin development code, or to a development permit, shall be deemed "consistent" with the general plan only if the land uses, densities or intensities, and other aspects of development permitted by such order or regulation are compatible with and further the objectives and policies, set forth in the general plan and if it meets all other criteria enumerated in the general plan and this title. The term "compatible with" means that the code amendment or development permit is not in conflict with the general plan. The term "furthers" means to take action in the direction of realizing the goals, objectives and policies of the general plan.

CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT, STORAGE AND RENTAL: The storage of any equipment used in construction outside the principal or accessory buildings on a property and the temporary leasing of such equipment.

CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT OFFICE: A mobile home, travel trailer, truck trailer, or other structure used as an office in conjunction with a construction project.

CONSTRUCTION PLAN: The maps or drawings accompanying a final subdivision plat or site plan and showing the specific location and design of improvements to be installed in the subdivision in accordance with the requirements of the county manager as a condition of the approval of the plat or site plan.

CONSTRUCTION SALES, WHOLESALE: An establishment or place of business primarily engaged in selling merchandise to retailers; to industrial, commercial, institutional, or professional business users; to other wholesalers; or acting as agents or brokers and buying merchandise for, or selling merchandise to, such individuals or companies.

CONSTRUCTION SERVICES, CONTRACT: An establishment providing services relating to the maintenance or repair of domestic dwellings, including plumbing/heating/air conditioning, painting, electrical services, masonry, carpentry, roofing/sheet metal, concrete services, and well drilling.

COUNTY: Refers to Summit County, Utah.

COUNTY COUNCIL: The legislative body of Summit County, Utah.

COUNTY MANAGER: The chief executive officer of Summit County, Utah.

COVERAGE: The percentage of a development site devoted to impervious surfaces.

CREST OF HILL: The highest point on a hill or slope as measured continuously throughout the property. Any given property may have more than one hillcrest.

CRITICAL LANDS: For the purpose of this title, critical lands shall be deemed to be the following:

A. Critical Slopes: Land areas having slopes of thirty percent (30%) or greater.

B. Floodplains: All areas within a 100-year floodplain, as mapped for the federal flood insurance program, or as calculated by a qualified engineer, or where the prevailing or potential natural vegetation is riparian.

C. Wetlands: Areas identified as "jurisdictional wetlands" by the U.S. army corps of engineers.

D. Avalanche Zones: Avalanche zones contain three (3) points: the point of origin, the slide track, and the runout area. The development layout and design shall avoid areas which may be adversely affected by avalanche tracks. All known avalanche tracks are declared to be critical lands because of the high probability that development in such hazardous areas will result in property damage, damage to public utilities and roads serving the development, and, possibly, injury or loss of life to occupants.

E. Geologic Hazards: Geologic hazards include any kind of slope instability (landslides, rockfall, mudflows) or ground subsidence that may result from natural or manmade conditions and also any kind of seismic activity.

F. Ridgelines: Those areas identified on the ridgeline overlay zone map.

CULTURAL ACTIVITY: A facility providing nature exhibitions, libraries, museums, art galleries, botanical gardens, historic sites or similar uses displaying, preserving, and exhibiting objects, of community and cultural interest in one or more of the arts and sciences.

CURRENTLY AVAILABLE REVENUE SOURCES: An existing source or amount of revenue presently available to a public entity or private service provider that may be allocated toward capital expenses and which has been budgeted for the capital disbursements or debt service account applicable to a planned capital improvement. The phrase "currently available revenue source" shall not refer to a mere intent to increase the future level or amount of a revenue source, nor to a revenue source which is contingent on ratification by a public referendum.

CYCLE TIME: The length of water application periods used with irrigation.

DEDICATION: The legal transference of land without sale by a property owner to a public agency.

DEED RESTRICTION: A restraint on the use of land, usually set forth in the deed, which runs with the land and is binding upon subsequent owners of the property.

DENSITY: The number of dwelling units per acre with respect to residential land uses.

DEPARTMENT: The Summit County department of community development.

DESIGNATED ROADWAYS: Interstate I-80, Highways 224, 248, and 40.

DETAILED MASTER PLAN: Any plan adopted by the county council that further defines goals and objectives of the general plan, including neighborhood plan area plans, and which identifies specific permitted uses in the area encompassed by the detailed master plan.

DEVELOPABLE LANDS: Lands that do not contain critical lands and are considered suitable for development.

DEVELOPER: The owner or authorized agent of land proposed to be subdivided or developed who is responsible for any undertaking that requires review and/or approval pursuant to this title.

DEVELOPMENT AGREEMENT: An agreement between a developer or property owners and the county pursuant to the provisions herein and as used as an implementing device for a specially planned area zone district, referenced therein as a SPA plan.

DEVELOPMENT OR DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITY: Any of the following activities requiring a permit pursuant to this title:

A. Change in use.

B. Construction, clearing, filling, excavating, grading, paving, dredging, mining, drilling or otherwise significantly disturbing the soil of a site.

C. Building, installing, enlarging, replacing or substantially restoring a structure, impervious surface, or central water system and including the long term storage of materials.

D. Erection of a sign.

E. Alteration of a historic property for which authorization is required under this title.

F. Any activity increasing the need for parking or generating additional traffic.

G. Construction, elimination or alteration of a driveway onto a public road.

H. Demolition of existing structures.

DEVELOPMENT PERMIT: Any approved building permit; conditional use permit; a specially planned area plan, final subdivision plat or other plat approval; final site plan; sign permit; or any other official action of the county or any state or local government commission, board, agency, department or official having the effect of permitting the development of land located within the geographic area subject to the provisions of this title.

DIRECTIONAL SIGN: A sign which serves as a directional guide through or to areas, events, buildings or structures and contains no advertising copy and is less than two (2) square feet in area and not over four feet (4') in height.

DIRECTOR: The director of the Summit County department of community development or authorized designee. The director can designate the planning and zoning administrator when appropriate to fulfill the responsibilities authorized in this title.

DRIP EMITTER: Drip irrigation fittings that deliver water slowly at the root zone of the plant, usually measured in gallons per hour.

DUAL STREAM RECYCLING: A form of recycling collection where recyclables are separated into two (2) different streams and collected separately, such as fiber (paper/cardboard) in one stream and rigid containers (plastic, aluminum or glass) in the other stream.

DWELLING UNIT: A building or portion thereof containing living facilities, including provision for sleeping, eating, cooking, and sanitation, and is intended for occupancy by a family and its guests, independent of other families. May also be referred to as a dwelling.

DWELLING UNIT, ACCESSORY: A structure or a portion of a structure which is used by the owner of the primary residency or primary tenant as a dwelling for the private use of the property owner's relatives, domestic help, caretakers, nursing staff, houseguest, or similar users. An accessory dwelling unit shall contain cooking, sanitation, and sleeping facilities.

DWELLING UNIT, AGRICULTURAL EMPLOYEE: A one-family unit located on an agricultural parcel/lot. The dwelling unit must be an accessory use to the principal dwelling unit and agricultural operation of the property. An agricultural employee dwelling unit shall contain cooking, sanitation, and sleeping facilities.

DWELLING UNIT, MULTI-FAMILY: A dwelling unit in a structure containing three (3) or more dwelling units sharing common horizontal floors/ceilings, but not including hotels and lodges.

DWELLING UNIT, SINGLE-FAMILY ATTACHED: A dwelling unit in a structure containing three (3) or more units sharing one or more vertical common walls and no horizontal floors and ceilings, each of which is designed for and used as a dwelling unit exclusively by one family and its guests. May also be referred to as a townhouse.

DWELLING UNIT, SINGLE-FAMILY DETACHED: A detached principal building, other than a mobile home, designed for and used as a dwelling unit exclusively by one family and its guest. Only one of these dwelling units is permitted for each lot of record when identified as a permitted or conditional use, unless otherwise stated in this title. May be referred to as a single-family detached dwelling unit.

DWELLING UNIT, TWO-FAMILY OR DUPLEX: A building containing two (2) dwelling units and sharing a common vertical or horizontal wall or floor, and designed for occupancy by two (2) families in separate units.

EMITTER: Drip irrigation fittings that deliver water slowly at the root zone of the plant, usually measured in gallons per hour.

EQUIPMENT ENCLOSURE: A structure, shelter, cabinet or vault used to house and protect the electronic equipment necessary for processing wireless communication signals and other telecommunication equipment.

EXTERNAL BUFFER: A vegetated area along the exterior boundaries of a development which is maintained as open space in order to eliminate or minimize conflicts between such development and adjacent land uses.

FAMILY: A single individual, doing his/her own cooking and living upon the premises as a separate housekeeping unit, or a collective body of persons doing their own cooking and living together upon the premises as a separate housekeeping unit in a domestic relationship based upon birth, marriage or other domestic bond as distinguished from a group occupying a boarding house, lodging house, club, fraternity or hotel.

FARM: An area of not less than five (5) contiguous acres which is used for commercial agriculture.

FENCE: A manmade barrier of any material or combination of materials erected to enclose or screen areas of land.

FINAL SITE PLAN: The map of a proposed development to be filed after approval by the county and any accompanying material as described in this title.

FINAL SUBDIVISION PLAT: The map of a subdivision to be recorded after approval by the county and any accompanying material as described in this title.

FIREPLACE: A wood burning appliance intended to be used primarily for aesthetic enjoyment and not as a space heater. An appliance is a fireplace if it is in a model line that satisfies the requirements in subsection A, B or C of this definition.

A. The model line includes a safety listing under recognized American or Canadian safety standards, as documented by a permanent label from a nationally recognized certification body affixed on each unit sold, and that said safety listing only allows operation of the fireplace with doors fully open. Operation with any required safety screen satisfies this requirement.

B. The model line has a safety listing that allows operation with doors closed, has no user operated controls other than flue or outside air dampers that can only be adjusted to either a fully closed or fully opened position, and the requirements in either subsection B1 or B2 of this definition are satisfied.

1. Appliances are sold with tempered glass panel doors only (either as standard or optional equipment), or

2. The fire viewing area is equal to or greater than five hundred (500) square inches.

C. 1. A model line that is clearly positioned in the marketplace as intended to be used primarily for aesthetic enjoyment and not as a room heater, as demonstrated by product literature (including owner's manuals), advertising targeted at the trade or public (including web based promotional materials) or training materials is presumptively a fireplace model line.

2. The presumption in subsection C1 of this definition can be rebutted by test data from an EPA approved test laboratory reviewed by an EPA approved third party certifier that were generated when operating the appliance with the door(s) closed, and that demonstrate an average stack gas carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration over the duration of the test run equal to or less than 5.00 percent and a ratio of the average stack gas CO2 to the average stack gas carbon monoxide (CO) equal to or greater than fifteen to one (15:1). The stack gas average CO2 and CO concentrations for the test run shall be determined in accordance with the requirements in CSA B415.1-10 (IBR, see section 60.17), clause 6.3, using a sampling interval no greater than one minute. The average stack gas CO2 and CO concentrations for purposes of this determination shall be the average of the stack gas concentrations from all sampling intervals over the full test run.

FLOOD OR FLOODING: A general and temporary condition of partial or complete inundation of normally dry land areas from:

A. The overflow of waters; or

B. The unusual and rapid accumulation or runoff of surface waters from any source.

FLOOR AREA: The sum of the gross horizontal areas of the several stories of the building measured from the exterior faces of the exterior walls or from the centerline of party walls. Included shall be any basement floor, interior balconies and mezzanines, elevator shafts, stairwells and enclosed porches. The floor area of accessory uses and of accessory buildings on the same lot shall be included.

FLOOR AREA RATIO: The ratio of the total floor area of all stories of all buildings on a site to the total lot area.

FLOW RATE: The rate at which water flows through pipes and valves.

FLUTTERING DEVICE: An object which is moved by a force of manmade air or the wind with quick wavering or flapping motions.

FOOT-CANDLE: The illumination shed by one candle on one square foot at a distance of one foot (1').

FRONTAGE ROAD: A street adjacent to a freeway, expressway, or arterial street separated therefrom by a dividing strip and providing access to abutting properties.

FUNERAL SERVICES: An establishment engaged in undertaking services such as preparing the human dead for burial and arranging and managing funerals. Typical uses include funeral home or mortuaries.

GAS AND FUEL, STORAGE AND SALES: Bulk storage tanks of flammable and combustible liquids, compressed gases or liquefied petroleum gas (LP gas) for business use, retail sale, wholesale, or wholesale distributing.

GASOLINE SERVICE STATION WITH CONVENIENCE STORE: A place where gasoline, motor oil, lubricants, or other minor accessories are retailed directly to the public on the premises in combination with the retailing of items typically found in a convenience market or supermarket.

GENERAL PLAN: A comprehensive plan for development of the county pursuant to the Utah code, as amended, and including any part of such plan separately adopted and any amendment to such plan, or parts thereof.

GOLF COURSE: A tract of land laid out for at least nine (9) holes for playing the game of golf and improved with trees, greens, fairways, and hazards and that may include a clubhouse and shelter.

GRADE, EXISTING: The grade of the surface of the land prior to any development activity or any other manmade disturbance or grading.

GRADE, FINISHED: The finished or resulting grade where earth meets the structure after completion of the proposed development activity.

GRADING PLAN: A plan drawing showing finished grades, spot elevations as necessary, and existing and new contours with the developed landscape area.

GROUP HOME: A dwelling shared by four (4) or more persons, including resident staff, who live together as a single housekeeping unit and in a long term, familylike environment in which staff persons provide care, education, and participation in community activities for the residents with the primary goal of enabling the resident to live as independently as possible. As used herein, the term "handicapped" shall mean having: a) a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of such person's major life activities so that such person is incapable of living independently; b) a record of having such impairment; or c) being regarded as having such an impairment. The term "handicapped" shall not include current illegal use of or addiction to a controlled substance, nor shall it include any person whose residency in the home would constitute a direct threat to the health and safety of other individuals. The term "group home" shall not include residential facilities for the handicapped, residential facilities for the elderly, alcoholism or drug treatment centers, work release facilities for convicts or ex-convicts, or other housing facilities serving as an alternative to incarceration.

HEALTHCARE FACILITY: Home health agencies, hospices, nursing care facilities, residential healthcare facilities, birthing centers, ambulatory surgical facilities, small healthcare facilities, facilities owned or operated by health maintenance organizations, and any other healthcare facility as defined by the Utah health care facility licensure and inspection act, Utah code section 26-1-2. Healthcare facility does not include the offices of private physicians or dentists, whether for individual or group practice.

HEIGHT: The maximum height to any point of a structure above grade (see definitions of Grade, Existing and Grade, Finished).

HEIGHT OF SIGN: For a freestanding sign, means the vertical distance measured from grade to the highest point of the sign or sign structure; and for a building sign, the vertical distance measured from grade to the highest point of the sign or sign structure.

HIGH WATER MARK: The mark on water bodies that is found by examining the bed and banks and ascertaining where the presence of waters are so common and usual, and so long continued in ordinary years, as to mark upon the soil a character distinct from that of the abutting upland.

HOME BASED BUSINESSES, CLASS 1: A commercial or light industrial use which is clearly incidental and secondary to use of the premises as a dwelling and which is carried on wholly or in part within a main building or accessory building by a member of the family who resides on the premises.

HOME BASED BUSINESSES, CLASS 2: A commercial or light industrial use of a scale greater than home based businesses, class 1 due to factors such as intensity of use or clients coming to the residence, but which is still secondary to the residential use.

HOMEOWNERS' ASSOCIATION: An association or organization, whether or not incorporated, which operates under and pursuant to recorded covenants for maintenance and ownership agreements through which each owner of a portion of a subdivision, be it a lot, property or any other interest, is automatically a member as a condition of ownership, and each such member is subject to charge or assessment for a prorated share of expenses of the association which may become a lien against the lot, property or other interest of the member.

HORSE BOARDING, COMMERCIAL: An establishment for boarding, breeding or raising of horses not owned by the occupants of the premises, or rental of horses for riding by other than the occupants of the premises or their nonpaying guests. Typical uses include boarding stables or public stables, and other buildings or lands where animals are kept for remuneration, hire, sale, boarding, riding or show.

HORSE BOARDING, PRIVATE: A building incidental to an existing principal residential use that shelters animals for the exclusive use of the occupants of the premises.

HORSE STABLES AND RIDING ACADEMY: An establishment for boarding, breeding or raising of horses not owned by the occupants that includes rental of horses and includes a training program and riding lessons.

HOSPITAL: An establishment providing primary health services and medical or surgical care to persons, primarily inpatients, suffering from illness, disease, injury, deformity, and other abnormal physical or mental conditions and including, as an integral part of the institution, related facilities, such as laboratories, emergency treatment facilities, diagnostic services, outpatient facilities, training facilities, medical offices, or staff residences.

HOTEL, MOTEL OR INN: An establishment containing sleeping rooms for the temporary occupancy of guests. Accessory facilities may include a lobby, meeting rooms, recreation facilities, group dining facilities and/or other facilities or activities customarily associated with hotels, but not including lockouts or boarding houses. Motels are generally an establishment containing guestrooms or dwelling units, some or all of which have a separate entrance leading directly from the outside of the building with garage or parking space located on the lot and designed, used, or intended wholly or in part for the accommodation of automobile transients. Motel includes motor courts, motor lodges and tourist courts, but not mobile home parks or travel trailer parks.

HOTEL ROOM: A unit consisting of one room, without a kitchen, intended for temporary living and sleeping purposes and including a separate, exclusive bathroom.

HOTEL SUITE: Two (2) or more interconnected hotel rooms with a single corridor or exterior access. May include a kitchenette.

IMPACT AREA: The area within which a proposed development is presumed to create a demand for public facilities and which area, therefore, will be evaluated to determine whether the capacity of public facilities is adequate to accommodate the demand created by existing development, committed development and the proposed development pursuant to this title. The impact areas for specific public facilities are as follows:

A. Water Facilities: The official service area of the central water system or other entity providing water to the proposed development, as defined by the Utah department of environmental quality, Utah public service commission, or other official documentation.

B. Sanitary Sewer Facilities: The service area of the Snyderville Basin sewer improvement district.

C. Road Facilities:

1. Arterial Roads: Countywide (overall) and by impacted roadway segments as determined in the traffic impact analysis submitted by the applicant and approved by the county.

2. Collector Roads And Local Roads: The area, including roads and intersections, within which a proposed development generates traffic of at least ten (10) trips per day or, if the proposed development generates traffic of less than ten (10) trips per day, the area extending to the first road segment or segments on the major roadway network in each direction from the exterior boundaries of the proposed development on which traffic generated by the proposed development is expected to occur.

3. Fire Protection: The service area of the Park City fire service district.

4. Schools: The service area of the Park City school district.

5. Recreation: The service area of the Snyderville Basin special recreation district.

IMPACT FEE: The fee, connection fee, user fee or other fee or charge imposed by the county or other service provider, to defray the pro rata share of capital costs for public facilities needed to serve a proposed development. For purposes of this title the "system capacity fee" charged by the Snyderville Basin water reclamation district shall be considered an impact fee.

IMPERVIOUS SURFACES: Includes all buildings or structures measured at their greatest extent and so as to include areas overhung by eaves, balconies, decks and other projecting features of the structure; also all paved or otherwise hard surfaced areas such as roads, curbs and gutters, walks, parking lots and loading areas, and asphalt or concrete aprons for solid waste containers, signs or outdoor mechanical equipment.

IMPROVEMENT AGREEMENT: A contract entered into by the applicant and the county by which the applicant promises to complete the required public improvements within the area of a proposed subdivision or site plan or other project subject to a development permit or order within a specified time period following final subdivision plat, site plan approval.

INCENTIVE DENSITY: Density that exceeds base density.

INDOOR ENTERTAINMENT: An establishment providing entertainment or recreational activities within an enclosed building, including motion picture theaters, live theaters, roller skating, bowling, planetaria, ice skating and similar uses.

INFILTRATION RATE: The rate of water entry into the soil expressed as a depth of water per unit of time.

IRRIGATION: The intentional application of water to the soil, usually for the purposes of sustained plant growth and/or optimized production.

IRRIGATION DESIGNER: A person who has been certified by the Irrigation Association to prepare irrigation systems, and/or a landscape architect.

IRRIGATION PLAN: A plan showing the components of the irrigation system with water meter size, backflow prevention, precipitation rates, flow rate, and operating pressure for each irrigation circuit, and identification of all irrigation equipment.

IRRIGATION SCHEDULE: The procedure of establishing and implementing the time and amount of irrigation water to apply.

IRRIGATION SYSTEM: Physical components and management used to apply irrigation water by an irrigation method.

LANDSCAPE: Plantings of living plants.

LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT: A person who holds a certificate to practice landscape architecture in the state of Utah.

LANDSCAPE AREA: The area designated on the landscape plan which is not covered with impervious surfaces or structures.

LANDSCAPE DESIGNER: A person who has been certified by the Utah Nursery And Landscape Association to prepare landscape plans.

LAUNDROMAT: An establishment within which clothes washing and drying machines, and clothes dry cleaning machines, either coin operated or attendant operated, are provided on a rental basis for use by individuals doing their own laundry and dry cleaning. Laundromat does not include outdoor drying facilities.

LEGISLATIVE ACTION: A general plan, zoning ordinance, or any other ordinance establishing or amending the general plan or this title.

LEVEL OF SERVICE: An indicator of the extent or degree of service provided by, or proposed to be provided by, a facility based upon and related to the operational characteristics of the facility. Level of service indicates the capacity per unit of demand for each public facility.

LEVEL OF SERVICE, ADOPTED: The level of service (LOS) policies adopted in the general plan and this title, as the same may be amended from time to time, which is incorporated by reference as if set forth in its entirety herein.

LIFT LINE: The geographic area necessary for the operation of a passenger lift.

LIFT TERMINAL: A structure which houses passenger lift mechanics and/or passenger lift operators, or the area in which persons load or unload a passenger lift.

LIFT TOWER: A tower necessary to support a passenger lift.

LIMIT OF DISTURBANCE AREA: The designated area in which all construction activity shall be maintained.

LOADING AND UNLOADING SPACES: A permanently maintained space on the same lot as the principal building with access to a road and not less than ten feet (10') in width, twenty feet (20') in length, and fourteen feet (14') in height.

LOCKOUT UNIT: An area of a dwelling with separate exterior access and toilet facilities, but no kitchen.

LOGGING CAMP: An establishment engaged in cutting down trees for commercial purposes, including transportation to a sawmill. A "logging camp" does not include cutting or alteration of trees incidental to construction activities.

LOT: A parcel or unit of land described by metes and bounds and held or intended to be held in separate lease or ownership, or shown as a lot or parcel on a recorded subdivision, or shown on a plat used in the lease or sale or offer of lease or sale of land resulting from the division of a larger lot, parcel, or tract into two (2) or more smaller lots or units.

LOT AREA: The area of a horizontal plane within the lot lines of a lot.

LOT, CORNER: A lot which has an interior angle of one hundred thirty five degrees (135°) or less at the intersection of two (2) road lines. A lot abutting upon a curved road is considered a corner lot if the tangents to the curve at the points of intersection of the side lot lines intersect at an interior angle of one hundred thirty five degrees (135°) or less.

LOT COVERAGE: The percentage of the area of a lot which is occupied by all buildings, and other covered structures and impervious surfaces.

LOT DEPTH: For lots having front and rear lot lines which are parallel, the shortest horizontal distance between such lines; for lots having front and rear lot lines which are not parallel, the shortest horizontal distance between the midpoint of the front lot line and the midpoint of the rear lot line; and for triangular shaped lots, the shortest horizontal distance between the front lot line and a line within the lot parallel to and at a maximum distance from the front lot line, having a length of not less than ten feet (10').

LOT, INTERIOR: A lot other than a corner lot.

LOT LINE: Any line defining the boundaries of a lot.

LOT LINE, FRONT: The boundary of a lot which separates the lot from a road, whether public or private, or located adjacent to the principal means of access.

LOT LINE, REAR: The boundary of a lot which is most distant from, and is most nearly parallel to, the front lot line; except that in the absence of a rear lot line as is the case of the triangular shaped lot, the rear lot line may be considered as a line within the lot, parallel to and at a maximum distance from the front lot line, having a length of not less than ten feet (10').

LOT LINE, SIDE: The boundary of a lot which is not a front lot line or a rear lot line.

LOT OF RECORD (LAWFULLY CREATED LOT): Any parcel of real property (lot) identified on a subdivision plat approved by Summit County and recorded in the office of the Summit County recorder is a lot of record. Any parcel/lot described in a deed, sales contract, or survey that was recorded in the office of the Summit County recorder before August 1, 1977, is a lot of record. Any parcel/lot described in a deed, sales contract, or survey that was recorded in the office of the Summit County recorder between August 1, 1977, and January 14, 1993, which complied with the zoning requirements in effect at that time of its creation is a lot of record. There are parcels/lots within Snyderville Basin that, while their existence may be recorded in the office of the Summit County recorder, were not lawfully created in accordance with the laws of Summit County as described herein. Summit County will not issue a building permit for such parcels/lots. A lot of record is entitled to one single-family residential dwelling unit that may be approved for development through the low impact permit process. All lots of record shall be determined by official action of the director who is delegated authority to make lot of record determinations on behalf of the county.

LOT, THROUGH: A lot having a pair of opposite lot lines abutting two (2) roads, and which is not a corner lot. On such lot, both lot lines abutting such roads are front lot lines, except that where a nonaccess easement has been established on such a lot, the front lot line shall be considered as that lot line most distant from the lot line containing the nonaccess easement.

LOT WIDTH: For rectangular lots, lots having side lot lines not parallel, and lots on the outside of the curve of a road, the distance between side lot lines measured at the required minimum front yard line on a line parallel to the road or street chord; and for lots on the inside of the curve of a road, the distance between side lot lines measured at the required minimum front yard line on a line parallel to the road.

LOW IMPACT PERMIT: A development permit which authorizes uses and activities that are considered to have little or no impact on public health, safety and general welfare.

LUMBERYARD: An establishment which contains facilities for the sawing, loading or storage of lumber or timber, but not including industrial milling or planting operations.

MAJOR DEVELOPMENT REVIEW: The procedure that shall be used by Summit County for the purpose of considering all applications for development of residential densities that exceed ten (10) lots and all new development in the town center and resort center zones.

MAJOR ROADS: Refers to Interstate 80 and its frontage roads, and to U.S. Highway 40, and to State Highways 224 and 248.

MANUFACTURING, CUSTOM: An establishment primarily engaged in the on site production of goods by hand manufacturing which involves only the use of hand tools or domestic mechanical equipment not exceeding two (2) horsepower or a single kiln not exceeding eight (8) kilowatts, and the incidental direct sale to customers of only those goods produced on site. Typical uses include ceramic studios, candlemaking shops or custom jewelry manufacturing.

MANUFACTURING, HEAVY: The converting of raw or partially processed materials into a product used for further processing or distribution. Examples of heavy manufacturing include lumber and paper mills, sewage treatment plants, stone, clay, glass product manufacturing, asphalt and concrete batch plants, and similar operations. These uses may be conducted partially or wholly outdoors and usually create noxious byproducts such as dust, fumes, hazardous waste products, noise, vibration, and glare.

MANUFACTURING, LIGHT: An establishment engaged in the manufacture, predominantly from previously prepared materials, of finished products or parts, including processing, fabrication, assembly, treatment, and packaging of such products, and incidental storage, sales, and distribution of such products, but excluding basic industrial processing.

MASONRY HEATER: A factory built or site built wood burning device in which the heat from intermittent fires burned rapidly in the firebox is stored in the refractory mass for slow release to building spaces. Masonry heaters are site built (using local materials or a combination of local materials and manufactured components) or site assembled (using factory built components), solid fuel burning heating appliances constructed mainly of refractory materials (e.g., masonry materials or soapstone). They typically have an interior construction consisting of a firebox and heat exchange channels built from refractory components, through which flue gases are routed.

MEDICAL EQUIPMENT SUPPLY (MEDICAL SUPPORT FACILITY): Uses and facilities such as, but not limited to, on site medical waste storage and disposal; warehousing and storage of medical related equipment and supplies; and other facilities commonly associated with medical institutions.

MERCHANDISE: The commodities, goods, or items which are bought or sold in business.

MINING, RESOURCE EXTRACTION: An establishment engaged in activities conducted below the surface of the land for the exploration of, development of, or extraction of a mineral deposit, including, but not limited to, the surface effects of underground and in situ mining, on site transportation, concentrating, milling, evaporation, and other primary processing. Does not include strip mining.

MINOR DEVELOPMENT REVIEW: The procedure that shall be used by Summit County for the purpose of reviewing all applications for development of residential densities of up to but not to exceed one unit per five (5) acres. Approval, as specifically described in chapter 3 of this title shall not constitute a minor development permit.

MOBILE FOOD BUSINESS: A business that serves food or beverages from a self-contained unit either motorized or in a trailer on wheels, and conducts all or part of its operations on premises other than its own and is readily movable, without disassembling, for transport to another location. The sale of items such as T-shirts and hats is allowed from a mobile food business, but must be secondary and clearly subordinate to the sale of food or beverages. The term "mobile food business" shall not include vending carts, mobile ice cream vendors or commercial services, such as pet grooming, auto detailing, gaming, retail sales, and other uses that supply the personal needs of customers.

MOBILE FOOD COURT: A parcel of land where two (2) or more mobile food businesses congregate to offer food or beverages for sale to the public. Any cluster of more than one mobile food business located on the same parcel of land shall be considered a mobile food court.

MODEL HOME: A dwelling unit used initially for display purposes which typifies the type of units that will be constructed in the subdivision.

MODULAR HOME: A dwelling unit constructed in accordance with the standards set forth in the International Building Code and composed of components substantially assembled in a manufacturing plant and transported to the building site for final assembly on a permanent foundation. A modular home may consist of two (2) sections transported to the site in a manner similar to a mobile home, or on a series of panels or room sections transported on a truck and erected or joined together on the site, except that the modular home meets the International Building Code.

MULCH: Any material such as bark, wood chips, or other materials left loose and applied to the soil.

NONCONFORMING SIGN, LAWFULLY CREATED: A sign that is legally existing or approved on or before June 17, 1996, which does not comply with the applicable standards set forth in this title.

NONCONFORMING USE, LAWFULLY CREATED: A use of land that:

A. Legally existed before its current zoning district or land use category designation; and

B. Has been maintained continuously since the time the applicable regulations governing the land changed; and

C. Because of subsequent changes, does not now conform to this title or to the general plan provisions that now govern use and development of the land.

NONPOINT SOURCE: Generalized discharge of waste which cannot be located as to a specific source into a water body.

NURSERY, RETAIL: A place in which plants are raised for horticultural purposes and transplanting or direct retail sale to individuals.

NURSERY, WHOLESALE: A place in which plants are raised for experimental purposes, for transplanting, or for sale to wholesalers. Includes tree farms and commercial greenhouses. Does not include direct retail sales to individuals.

NURSING HOME: An establishment described also as a "rest home", or "convalescent home", other than a hospital, in which persons are lodged and furnished with care rather than diagnoses and treatment.

OFF SITE: Any premises not located within the area of the property to be subdivided or developed, whether or not in the common ownership of the applicant for subdivision or development approval.

OFFICES, GENERAL: A room or a suite of rooms or portion of a building used for the practice of a profession or for the conduct of a business that involves the accessory sale of goods from the premises. If the goods or merchandise are sold for delivery on or from the premises, and constitutes a portion greater than twenty percent (20%) of the gross revenue from the office, then the premises shall be considered a store.

OFFICES, INTENSIVE: A business offering executive, administrative, professional or clerical services with a high level of client interaction and traffic generated; and/or a business which employs five (5) or more persons per one thousand (1,000) square feet of net leasable office space.

OFFICES, MEDICAL AND DENTAL: A building used exclusively by physicians, dentists, and similar personnel for the treatment and examination of patients solely on an outpatient basis, provided that no overnight patients shall be kept on the premises.

OFFICES, MODERATE: A business offering executive, administrative, professional or clerical services with a moderate level of client interaction and traffic generated.

OPEN RECREATION: An area used primarily for recreational activities occurring in an outdoor, unenclosed area, including fairgrounds, minigolf, driving ranges, and similar uses.

OPEN SPACE: Means and refers to any land or area that is unimproved and set aside, dedicated, designated, or reserved for public or private use and does not contain development or any use requiring a development permit.

OUTSIDE DISPLAY OF MERCHANDISE: The keeping of goods, merchandise or vehicles in an uncovered area measuring less than five hundred (500) square feet, for a period of less than twenty four (24) hours, for purposes of sale.

OVERHEAD LINES: All bare or insulated electrical conductors and other utility collection and transmission infrastructure installed above the ground, typically on poles.

PCFD: Park City fire service district.

psi: Pounds per square inch.

PARK AND RIDE: A hard surfaced area, including the driving area, other than a road or public right of way, located adjacent to an arterial or collector road, to be used primarily for commuters and other public to park and transfer to a public transport system, carpool, or other mode of transportation.

PARKING LOT: An unenclosed area, other than a road or right of way, devoted to parking spaces for four (4) or more motor vehicles.

PARKING LOT, COMMERCIAL: A parking lot used for the parking of automobiles for compensation.

PARKING SPACE: An area maintained for the parking or storage of a motor vehicle, which is graded for proper drainage and is hard surfaced or porous paved.

PARKING STRUCTURE: An enclosed structure designed and intended for parking or storage of more than four (4) vehicles.

PARKS: A park and recreation area under the management and control of a public agency and open to the public, or under the management and control of a neighborhood or commercial owners' association that may or may not be open to the public.

PASSENGER LIFT: A mechanical device used to transport persons, including, but not limited to, the devices described in section 72-11-210 of the Utah code, as amended.

PEDESTRIAN ORIENTED SIGN: A permanent, nonilluminated sign with an area less than two (2) square feet on any one side, and not over six feet (6') above ground level.

PERSON: Any individual or group of individuals, or any corporation, general or limited partnership, joint venture, unincorporated association, or governmental or quasi-governmental entity.

PERSONAL IMPROVEMENT SERVICE: An establishment primarily engaged in offering courses and services for the enhancement of personal recreational interests, business skills, and similar activities including vocational schools, dance schools, art schools, automobile driving instruction, continuing education programs, drama schools, public speaking programs, and similar activities.

PERSONAL SERVICE: An establishment primarily engaged in the provision of frequently or recurrently needed services of a personal nature. Typical uses include barber and beauty shops.

PET SERVICES AND GROOMING: An establishment providing grooming services, operated totally within a building, for dogs, cats, birds, fish and other small domestic animals customarily owned as household pets. Typical uses include dog bathing and clipping salons, and pet grooming shops, but excluding uses for livestock and large animals.

PLANTING PLAN: A plan which clearly and accurately identifies and locates new and existing trees, shrubs, ground covers, grass areas, driveways, sidewalks, hardscapes, fences, and walls.

PLAT: The legal map of a subdivision.

POINT SOURCE: Any discernible confined and discrete conveyance, including, but not limited to, any pipe, ditch, channel, tunnel, conduit, well, fissure, container, rolling stock, concentrated animal feeding operation, or vessel or other floating craft, from which pollutants are or may be discharged.

PRECIPITATION RATE: The depth of water applied to a given area, usually measured in inches per hour.

PRESSURE REGULATOR: The device that maintains constant downstream operating pressure (immediately downstream of the device) which is lower than the upstream pressure.

PRIME FARMLAND: The same as prescribed by the United States department of agriculture on the basis of such factors as moisture availability, temperature regime, chemical balance, permeability, surface layer composition, susceptibility to flooding, and erosion characteristics.

PRINCIPAL USE: The main use of land or a building (as distinguished from an accessory use).

PRIVATE UTILITIES: Includes power, telephone, natural gas, cable television and private water supply service.

PUBLIC ASSEMBLIES: Areas where large numbers of individuals collect to participate in or to observe performances, programs of participation, including amphitheaters, auditoriums, exhibition halls and similar uses.

PUBLIC FACILITIES, MAJOR: Facilities needed to support development as determined by the county council/county manager based upon the adopted levels of service. "Major public facilities" include, but are not limited to, the following:

A. Transportation facilities, including roads, highways, transportation centers, park and ride lots, intermodal centers, road maintenance buildings, and intersections; and

B. Central water systems, including water quality, water treatment and storage capacity, and transmission/distribution system capacity; and

C. Sanitary sewer systems, including treatment facilities, interceptors and outfall sewers, lateral and collector sewers; and

D. Fire protection and suppression, including fire stations, fire equipment, trucks, hoses, and other apparatus necessary for the suppression of fires; and

E. Stormwater management facilities, including manmade structures or natural systems designed to collect, convey, hold, divert or discharge stormwater, and including stormwater sewers, canals, detention structures and retention structures; and

F. Police protection, including correctional facilities, administrative offices, search and rescue facilities; and

G. Animal control facilities; and

H. Mosquito abatement facilities.

PUBLIC FACILITIES, MINOR: A use, facility, or structure owned or managed by the county, or a quasi-public entity, that provides a function, activity, or service for public benefit and provides less impact than major public facilities. Minor public facilities include, but are not limited to, the following: bus shelters, pump stations, odor control facilities, wells, antennas, etc.

QUASI-PUBLIC USE: A use operated by a private nonprofit educational, religious, recreational, charitable, or philanthropic institution, such use having the purpose primarily of serving the general public, such as churches, private schools, and universities, or similar uses.

RAIN SHUTOFF DEVICE: A device wired to the automatic controller that prevents valves from being activated when a preset amount of rain falls.

RECREATION AND ATHLETIC FACILITIES, COMMERCIAL: A recreation facility operated as a business on private or public property and open to the public for a fee, such as a tennis court, skating rink, or substantially similar use, and support facilities customarily associated with the development.

RECREATION AND ATHLETIC FACILITIES, PRIVATE: A recreation facility operated on private property and not open to the public, including recreation facilities owned by a homeowners' or property owners' association for private use by members.

RECREATION, PUBLIC: A recreation facility operated by a public agency or designee and open to the public with or without a fee.

RECREATIONAL VEHICLE: Any trailer, camper, van or similar vehicle less than nine feet (9') wide and thirty five feet (35') long used or maintained primarily as a temporary dwelling for travel, vacation or recreation purposes.

RECREATIONAL VEHICLE PARK: An area or tract of land used to accommodate two (2) or more recreation vehicles for short periods of time.

RECYCLING FACILITY, CLASS I: Recycling containers totaling up to sixty (60) cubic yards of capacity per lot or residential/business development used for the collection and temporary storage of recyclable materials such as glass, plastic, aluminum, mixed metals, fiber, and cardboard. These facilities are generally for, but not limited to, the use by a specific residential neighborhood, civic facility, or commercial business park, and can be for the use of the entire community.

RECYCLING FACILITY, CLASS II: A building, structure or designated area with recycling containers totaling over sixty (60) cubic yards of capacity per lot or residential/business development used for the collection, and temporary storage or transfer of recyclable materials such as glass, plastic, aluminum, mixed metals, fiber, and cardboard that may be for the use of the entire community and typically operates as a commercial business.

REPAIR SERVICES, CONSUMER: An establishment primarily engaged in the provision of repair services to individuals and households rather than firms, but excluding automotive and equipment services. Typical uses include appliance repair shops, watch or jewelry repair shops, or musical instrument repair shops.

RESIDENTIAL TREATMENT FACILITY: A twenty four (24) hour group living environment for four (4) or more individuals unrelated to the owner or provider that offers room or board and specialized treatment, rehabilitation, or habilitation services for persons with emotional, psychological, development, or behavioral dysfunctions, impairments, or chemical dependencies. In residential treatment, individuals are assisted in acquiring the social and behavioral skills necessary for living independently in the community.

RESORT: A facility or a development of multiple buildings intended primarily for transient guests where the primary attraction is generally recreational facilities or activities, including dude ranches, health facilities, alpine and Nordic skiing, and hunting/fishing clubs.

RESORT LIFTS: A mechanical device used to transport persons, including, but not limited to, the devices described in section 72-11-210 of the Utah code, as amended, and open to the public for a fee.

RESORT OPERATIONS: Utilities and on site operations designed and used to support an existing commercial recreational establishment.

RESORT RUNS: Slopes intended for snow sports and open to the public for a fee.

RESORT STRUCTURES: Structures which support an existing commercial recreational establishment.

RESTAURANT, DELI OR TAKEOUT INTENDED TO SERVE A NEIGHBORHOOD: An establishment where food is sold primarily for consumption off premises. A restaurant of this type has limited seating (12 or fewer seats) or no more than seventy five (75) square feet of patron area.

RESTAURANT, DRIVE-IN OR DRIVE-UP WINDOW: An establishment whose principal business is the sale of food and/or beverages in a ready to consume state for consumption: a) within the restaurant building, b) within a motor vehicle parked on the premises, or c) off the premises as carryout orders, and whose principal method of operation is characterized by food and/or beverages that are usually served in edible containers or in paper, plastic, or other disposable containers.

RESTAURANT, FULL SERVICE: A building in which food is prepared and served for consumption within the premises. Typical uses include buffets; cafes; cafeterias; caterers; coffee shops; diners; and dining rooms.

RESTRICTIVE COVENANT: A contract between two (2) or more parties usually specifying limitations or obligations related to the use of property.

RETAIL SALES, CONVENIENCE STORE: A retail establishment offering for sale prepackaged food products, household items, and other goods commonly associated with the same and having a gross floor area of not more than three thousand (3,000) square feet.

RETAIL SALES, FOOD: Establishments, including a grocery or substantially similar establishments, in which the primary use is the sale of foods to the consumer, including meat, fish, fruits, vegetables, candy, nuts, dairy products, bakery items, and other foods.

RETAIL SALES, GENERAL: An establishment primarily engaged in the sale or rental of commonly used goods and merchandise for personal or household use, but excluding those classified more specifically in this section. Typical uses include furniture stores, but including mail order houses, limited price variety stores, vending machine operators, direct sales, dry goods and general merchandise, and general stores or establishments providing the following products or services: home furnishings and appliances, wallpaper, carpeting and floor covering, or automotive parts and accessories (excluding service and installation). General retail sales does not include department stores.

RETAIL SALES, WHOLESALE: An establishment or place of business primarily engaged in selling merchandise to retailers; to industrial, commercial, institutional, or professional business users; to other wholesalers; or acting as agents or brokers and buying merchandise for, or selling merchandise to, such individuals or companies.

RETENTION: The collection and storage of runoff without subsequent discharge to surface waters.

RIDGELINE: An area including the crest of a hill or slope and a vertical, perpendicular distance in feet on either side of the crest within which development would break the skyline.

RIDING ACADEMY: An establishment where horses are boarded and cared for and where instruction in riding, jumping, and showing may be offered and where horses may be hired for riding.

RIGHT OF WAY: Land acquired and owned by a governmental agency or public utility and reserved for public use.

ROAD, ARTERIAL: A road which brings traffic to and from freeways and serves major movements of traffic within or through areas that are not served by freeways. Arterials interconnect and provide direct access to the principal traffic generators within the county, such as business offices and retail centers.

ROAD, COLLECTOR: A road which is designed to collect and distribute traffic between local roads and arterial roads and to serve as a linkage between land access and mobility needs.

ROAD, LOCAL: A road having the sole function of providing access to adjacent land and which is designed to feed traffic onto collector roads.

ROAD, ROADWAY: A collector road, local road, freeway or arterial road.

RUNOFF: Water that is not absorbed by the soil or landscape to which it is applied and which flows onto other areas.

SBPC: Snyderville Basin planning commission of the Snyderville Basin planning district in Summit County.

SBSRD: Snyderville Basin special recreation district.

SBWRD: Snyderville Basin water reclamation district.

SATELLITE DISH ANTENNA: All antennas which receive audio and/or video satellite signals.

Ground Mounted Satellite Dish Antenna: An antenna which is installed upon or otherwise attached to a pole or other supporting structure embedded in the ground.

Mesh Type Satellite Dish Antenna: An antenna which is constructed of a screen type or perforated material that does not substantially impair visibility, and is designed to minimize wind resistance.

Roof Mounted Satellite Dish Antenna: An antenna which is wholly located upon and permanently affixed to the roof of any structure.

SCHOOL, PUBLIC: Any school owned or operated by a public local school district and offering instruction at the elementary, middle or senior high school levels. A private educational service providing instruction at the elementary, middle or senior high school levels in the same manner as a public local school district shall be considered a "public school" for purposes of this title.

SEASONAL PLANT AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCT SALES: The sale of agricultural or ornamental plants during the time of year in which the products are harvested.

SERVICE PROVIDER: A public or private entity providing public facilities or private utility services to a proposed development.

SETBACK: The distance between a lot line and the front, side, or rear line of the foundation of a structure or finished exterior surface of a structure, whichever is closer to the property line, excluding uncovered steps, roof eaves that do not extend into the setback more than three feet (3'), and decks that do not exceed one foot (1') in height, measured from the top of the deck to the grade directly below.

SETBACK, FRONT: A front setback shall be required for each side of a lot bordering a road or other right of way.

SIGN: Any object, device, display, structure, flag, or part thereof, situated outdoors or indoors, which is used to advertise, identify, display, direct or attract attention to an object, person, institution, organization, business, product, service, event, or location. Signs shall only identify the business(es) located on the premises on which the sign is located. Any signs intended to advertise a business or activity of any type that is not located on the premises or property on which the activity is located are prohibited. Signs shall only state the legal name of the business, and shall not advertise the type of goods sold or services provided. Only the type of signs shall be permitted, only specifically authorized in a comprehensive sign plan. Provided, however, permitted signs must also comply with all other applicable provisions of this title.

Awning Signs: These are signs comprised of lettering and logos that are placed on the valance of the awning. Awning signs are not permitted to project into or over a road right of way.

Freestanding Signs: These signs are supported by poles, braces, or uprights extending from the ground or an object on the ground and are not attached to any part of a building. These signs must be located on the premises, the development parcel, or lot on which the specific use or uses being advertised is located.

Political Signs: A sign advertising a candidate for public office, proposition, or other issue to be voted on by the electorate.

Portable Signs: Any sign not permanently affixed to the ground or a building.

Projecting Signs: Are supported by a building or other structure and project out from the building or structure over sidewalks, lawns, or similar area in a manner that the display area is generally perpendicular to the face of the building or structure.

Temporary Signs: These signs are those made out of lightweight materials, with or without frames, and not affixed permanently to a building or the ground.

Wall Mounted Signs: Wall mounted business signs are those signs that area attached to or painted on the wall of a building, the display surface of the sign being parallel to the wall of the building on which the sign is placed, and advertises a business on the premises.

Window Signs: These are signs that are intended to be permanent and visible from the exterior of a building. They are painted on a window or depicted on or with any material placed, taped, or hung immediately on or behind the glazing.

SIGN AREA: The area of a sign, which may be double sided, so long as the sides are no more than twelve inches (12") apart, shall include all architectural embellishments or background materials that are an integral part of the display and intended to help attract attention to the sign.

SITE PLAN: A development plan of one or more lots on which is shown: a) the existing and proposed conditions of the lot, including, but not limited to, topography, vegetation, drainage, floodplains, wetlands and waterways; b) the location of all existing and proposed buildings, drives, parking spaces, walkways, means of ingress and egress, drainage facilities, utility services, landscaping, structures, signs, lighting, and screening devices; c) the location of building pads for all buildings; and d) the location and extent of all external buffers from surrounding areas.

SKETCH PLAN: A sketch preparatory to an application for development review/consideration by Summit County. The sketch plan shall contain enough information, in graphic and text form, to adequately describe to the satisfaction of the director the applicant's intentions with regard to site layout and compliance with the "general plan", this title and any applicable development permit, consent agreement, or development agreement. Under no circumstances shall a sketch plan constitute a completed development application for purposes of vesting under Utah law.

SKI AREA: All ski slopes or trails and other places under the control of a ski area operator and administered as a single enterprise.

SKI LIFTS, PRIVATE: A mechanical device used to transport persons, including, but not limited to, the devices described in section 72-11-210 of the Utah code, as amended, which belong to or are restricted for the use or enjoyment of particular persons.

SKI RUNS, PRIVATE: Slopes intended for snow sports which belong to or are restricted for the use or enjoyment of particular persons.

SOILS REPORT: A report by a soils laboratory indicating soil type(s), soil depth, uniformity, composition, bulk density, infiltration rates, pH for the topsoil and subsoil, and recommendations for soil amendments for a given site.

SOLID FUEL BURNING DEVICE: A device which is designated to burn any form of solid fuel, and includes fireplaces, wood heaters, pellet stoves and masonry heaters.

SPECIALLY PLANNED AREA PLAN (SPA PLAN): The development agreement entered into between Summit County and a property owner that defines the final provisions, terms and conditions for any development that occurs within a specially planned area. An approved specially planned area plan shall constitute the final development regulations for the specific area for which it has been adopted.

SPRINKLER: A device for distributing water under pressure through the air.

STANDARDS: Specific measurements of the quantity or quality of various elements of development.

STOCKYARDS: An establishment offering services involving the temporary keeping of livestock for slaughter, market, or shipping. Typical uses include stockyards, animal sales, and auction yards.

STORAGE, OPEN: The keeping, in an unscreened area, of any goods, junk, material, merchandise, or vehicles in the same place for more than twenty four (24) hours.

STORAGE, RV OR BOAT: An establishment offering long term storage of boats and recreational vehicles.

STORAGE, SELF-SERVICE: An establishment consisting of individual, small, self-contained units that are leased or owned for the storage of business and household goods or contractors' supplies.

STORAGE, VEHICLE: An establishment offering long term storage of operating or nonoperating motor vehicles, including storage of private parking tow away, and impound yards, but excluding dismantling or salvage operations.

STORY: That portion of a building located above grade, included between the surface of any floor and the surface of the floor next above it, or, if there is no floor above it, then the space between the surface of such floor and the ceiling or roof above it.

STOVE, PELLET (Sometimes Called PELLET HEATER Or PELLET SPACE HEATER): An enclosed, pellet or chip fuel burning device capable of and intended for residential space heating or space heating and domestic water heating. Pellet stoves include a fuel storage hopper or bin and a fuel feed system. Pellet stoves include, but are not limited to:

A. Freestanding Pellet Stoves: Pellet stoves that are installed on legs or on a pedestal or other supporting base.

B. Pellet Stove Fireplace Inserts: Pellet stoves intended to be installed in masonry fireplace cavities or in other enclosures.

C. Built-In Pellet Stoves: Pellet stoves intended to be recessed into the wall.

STREET FURNITURE: Manmade items such as benches, kiosks, plants and planters, shelters, phone booths, light poles or trash receptacles added to pedestrian or vehicular areas.

STREETSCAPE: The combination of all elements of a pedestrian or vehicular area, including street furniture, landscaping, sidewalks, lights, and signs, and the relationship of these elements to adjacent buildings.

STRIP DEVELOPMENT: A form of nonresidential development characterized by:

A. Primary uses which are commercial or retail in nature and which are not located in a transportation corridor node or center designated;

B. A development site which takes direct access from an arterial or collector road;

C. A site containing parking located above ground level and lying between the accessed roadway and the primary buildings; and

D. A site with substantial frontage along the road or roads from which it takes primary or secondary access, or by numerous access points along a road serving primarily retail and/or commercial uses.

STRUCTURE: That which is built or constructed, an edifice or building of any kind, installed on, above or below the surface of land or water.

SUBDIVIDE: The act or process of creating a subdivision.

SUBDIVIDER: Any person who: a) having an interest in land, causes it, directly or indirectly, to be divided into a subdivision; or b) directly or indirectly, sells, leases, or develops, or offers to sell, lease, or develop, or advertises to sell, lease, or develop, any interest, lot, parcel site, unit, or plat in a subdivision; or c) engages directly or through an agent in the business of selling, leasing, developing, or offering for sale, lease, or development a subdivision or any interest, lot, parcel site, unit or plat in a subdivision; and d) is directly or indirectly controlled by, or under direct or indirect common control with any of the foregoing.

SUBDIVISION: Any land that is subdivided, resubdivided or proposed to be divided into two (2) or more lots, parcels, sites, units, plats, or other division of land for the purpose, whether immediate or future, for offer, sale, lease or development either on the installment plan or upon any and all other plans, terms, and conditions. Subdivision includes the division or development of land, whether by deed, metes and bounds description, devise, intestacy, lease, map, plat or other recorded instrument. Subdivision does not include a bona fide division or partition of agricultural land for agricultural purposes. Subdivision does include commercial, industrial and all residential development.

SUBDIVISION AGENT: Any person who represents, or acts for or on behalf of, a subdivider or developer or property owner, in selling, leasing, or developing, or offering to sell, lease, or develop any interest, lot, parcel, unit, site, or plat in a subdivision, except an attorney at law whose representation of another person consists solely of rendering legal services.

SUBSURFACE DRAINAGE: The piping, grading, and other construction associated with the removal of ground water from under roadway or runway surfaces designed to maintain firm, stable subgrades and structure foundations; and to reduce saturation of backfill behind retaining walls.

SUPPORT COMMERCIAL FACILITIES: A commercial use which is located on the site of a master planned development, and oriented toward the internal circulation of the development, for the purpose of serving the needs of the residents or users of that development, and not the general public or persons drawn from off the site of the master planned development. No use occupying more than two thousand (2,000) gross square feet of floor area will be considered as support commercial.

TAVERN: An establishment in which the principal business is the sale of alcoholic beverages for consumption on the premises.

TELECOMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT: Equipment used in a telecommunications facility other than the antenna, antenna support structure or equipment enclosures. Telecommunications equipment may include, but is not limited to, electronic equipment necessary for processing wireless communication signals, air conditioning, backup power supplies and emergency generators.

TELECOMMUNICATIONS FACILITIES - COLLOCATION: A telecommunications facility which is added to an existing telecommunications facility. Collocation includes a single antenna support structure, but more than one telecommunications provider's antennas and telecommunication equipment.

TELECOMMUNICATIONS FACILITY: An unmanned structure which consists of "antennas", "antenna support structure", "telecommunications equipment" and "equipment enclosures", as defined herein, that transmit and/or receive voice and/or data communications through radio signals such as, but not limited to, cellular or PCS (personal communications system) communications and paging systems, whether commercially or privately owned.

TELECOMMUNICATIONS, STEALTH: Antennas, antenna support structures and telecommunication equipment enclosures camouflaged or designed to blend with surrounding land uses, features and architecture, thus minimizing the aesthetic impact on adjacent uses, thereby concealing the intended use and appearance of the telecommunications facility, such as by heavy landscaping, or installing telecommunications equipment within existing buildings, behind vegetative screening, or placing equipment enclosures underground, thus preserving or striving to maintain the aesthetics of Summit County. A flush wall mount antenna that is painted the same color as the background and located on a building where the telecommunications equipment is located inside the building would be one example of stealth design. Other examples of stealth design include, but are not limited to, roof mount antennas, utility pole antennas, light or flag poles, artificial rocks or trees.

TEMPORARY USE: A use intended for a limited duration.

TIMESHARE DEVELOPMENT: An enterprise that has as its primary purpose the offering of a timeshare interest. "Timeshare interest" means a right to occupy accommodations during three (3) or more separate time periods over a period of at least three (3) years, including renewal options, whether or not coupled with an estate in land, and including what is commonly known as a "timeshare estate", which is a small undivided fractional fee interest in real property by which the purchaser does not receive any right to use accommodations except as provided by contract, declaration, or other instrument defining a legal right.

TOTAL PERMISSIBLE DWELLING UNITS OR SQUARE FOOTAGE: The total density or intensity of a project computed pursuant to the provisions of this title.

TRAILHEAD PARKING, DESIGNATED: Designated point of access to the community wide trail system intended to provide public parking stalls.

Trailhead Parking, Designated, Major: Designated point of access to the community wide trail system intended to provide public parking stalls and may include information kiosks, directional signage, restrooms, dog waste stations, trash and recycling receptacles, bike racks, hitching posts, pavilions, benches, water fountains, and public art.

Trailhead Parking, Designated, Minor: Designated point of access to the community wide trail system intended to provide public parking stalls and may include information kiosks, signage, dog waste stations, trash and recycling receptacles.

TRAILS, COMMUNITY WIDE: A trail, developed or proposed as part of the basinwide trails corridor exhibit of the recreation and trails master plan, as revised over time, and generally designed for intrinsic recreation and nonmotorized transportation connections between neighborhoods, public facilities, commercial centers and to the back country. Community trails must be open to the public. Parking areas shall be designated at trailheads along the community wide trail system to disperse users and fulfill the need for staging areas and support facilities systemwide in accordance with the Snyderville Basin recreation and trails master plan as amended.

TRAILS, NEIGHBORHOOD: A trail proposed by or developed by a developer, neighborhood or homeowners' association to serve the residents and guests within a development or neighborhood.

TRANSFER OF DEVELOPMENT RIGHTS: A development technique which allows a landowner to separate the rights to develop his land from the land itself and to transfer those rights to other land.

Receiving Area: An area of land to which additional development rights may be conveyed from the sending area.

Sending Area: An area of land from which existing development rights may be separated and conveyed to other property.

TRANSPORTATION SERVICES: An establishment involved in the provision of transportation. May include transportation vehicle (bus and van) storage, dispatch and on site repair and maintenance for the vehicles involved in the business. Does not include rental of vehicles directly to the public.

TRIP: A single- or one-way vehicle movement (see definition of Trip End).

TRIP END: The origin or destination of a trip. Each trip has two (2) ends which constitute a two (2) direction vehicle movement at the origin or destination of the trip.

TRIP GENERATION: The total number of trip ends produced by a specific land use or activity.

TRUCK STOP: An establishment providing gasoline sales and services combined with facilities providing retail food and toiletry sales, and facilities for showering and personal hygiene.

TURF: A surface layer of earth containing mowed grass with its roots.

TYPESETTING AND PRINTING FACILITY: An establishment in which the principal business consists of duplicating and printing services using photocopy, blueprint, or offset printing equipment, including publishing, binding, and engraving.

UDOT: Utah state department of transportation; the agency which maintains state highways.

USE: The purpose or purposes for which land or a building is occupied, maintained, arranged, designed, or intended.

USE VARIANCE: A variance as to the permissible use of land.

UTILITY FACILITIES, ABOVEGROUND: Utility towers and transmission and distribution towers greater than forty five feet (45') in height.

UTILITY FACILITIES, MAJOR: The provision of generating plants, electrical switching facilities and primary substations, refuse collection or disposal facilities, water and wastewater treatment plants, and similar facilities.

UTILITY FACILITIES, UNDERGROUND: Underground transmission lines exceeding twelve inches (12") in diameter (i.e., gas, oil, water) and utility towers and transmission lines forty five feet (45') in height or less.

VACATION: The waiving of the use of an easement or the ownership and use of a right of way by a public or private agency or the vacation, alteration or divestment of a subdivision plat pursuant to this title and Utah state law.

VALVE: A device used to control the flow of water in an irrigation system.

VALVE, CHECK: A valve used in a pipeline that allows flow in only one direction.

VALVE, PRESSURE REGULATING: A valve designed to automatically provide a preset downstream pressure in a hydraulic system.

VEHICLE CONTROL GATE: Any gate, barrier, or other mechanism to limit vehicular access on or across the street.

VENDING, TEMPORARY: Any cart, table, equipment, or apparatus that is not a structure, which is designed and intended so as to not be a permanent fixture on a lot and which is used for the retail sale of food and/or beverages.

VETERINARIAN: An establishment for the care and treatment of small, domestic animals.

WAREHOUSING AND DISTRIBUTION, GENERAL: An establishment offering storage, distribution and handling of materials and equipment. Typical uses include monument or stone yards, grain elevators or open storage yards.

WAREHOUSING AND DISTRIBUTION, LIMITED: An establishment offering wholesaling, storage and warehousing services within enclosed structures. Typical uses include wholesale distributors, storage warehouses, self-service storage facilities, and moving and storage firms.

WASTEWATER REUSE: The use of treated or recycled wastewater of a quality suitable for nonpotable uses such as landscape irrigation and not intended for human consumption.

WATER DRAINAGE FEATURES: Natural or artificial standing water bodies, wetlands, retention/detention areas, streams, and ditches which receive and/or convey stormwater runoff.

WATER SUPPLIER: Any water system, whether public or private, providing wholesale or retail water service to the general public, including, without limitation, water for indoor culinary use, outdoor irrigation use, and any other beneficial use such as livestock water, snowmaking, industrial use, etc., including service by water systems to areas outside of their corporate boundaries or service areas.

WATERCOURSE, WATER BODIES: Surface stream, creek, brook, branch, depression, irrigation ditch, reservoir, lake, pond, or drainageway in or into which water flows.

WETLAND: Lands transitional between terrestrial and aquatic systems where the water table is usually at or near the surface or the land is covered by shallow water. Wetlands must have one or more of the following three (3) attributes: a) at least periodically, the land supports predominantly hydrophytes; b) the substrate is predominantly undrained hydric soil; and c) the substrate is nonsoil and is saturated with water or covered by shallow water at some time of the growing season of the year. A wetland may be an area delineated as a wetland by the United States army corps of engineers; an area which has previously been delineated as a wetland by the United States army corps of engineers; or an area delineated as a wetland by a consultant who is qualified by the United States army corps of engineers.

WHOLESALE CONSTRUCTION SUPPLY: An establishment or place of business engaged in selling and/or distributing construction supplies to retailers; to industrial, commercial, institutional, or professional business users; or to other wholesalers.

WILLING TO SERVE LETTER: A letter issued by a water supplier indicating that the water supplier will provide water service to a project or new development, provided that the applicant complies with all of the terms of the agreement and the rules and regulations of the water supplier for the receipt of water service. This is not the same as a commitment of service letter.

WOOD FIRED PIZZA OVEN: An oven that is fueled solely by wood, is utilized for the baking of traditional style pizzas and is located within a permanent structure.

WOOD HEATER: An enclosed, wood burning appliance capable of and intended for residential space heating or space heating and domestic water heating. These devices include, but are not limited to, adjustable burn rate wood heaters, single burn rate wood heaters and pellet stoves. Wood heaters may or may not include air ducts to deliver some portion of the heat produced to areas other than the space where the wood heater is located. Wood heaters include, but are not limited to:

A. Freestanding Wood Heaters: Wood heaters that are installed on legs, on a pedestal or suspended from the ceiling.

B. Fireplace Insert Wood Heaters: Wood heaters intended to be installed in masonry fireplace cavities or in other enclosures.

C. Built-In Wood Heaters: Wood heaters that are intended to be recessed into the wall.

ZONE DISTRICT: An area to which a uniform set of regulations applies as set forth herein, which districts are coterminous with, and which are designed to implement the Snyderville Basin general plan. (Ord. 708, 12-10-2008; amd. Ord. 730, 12-2-2009; Ord. 731, 12-2-2009; Ord. 742, 5-26-2010; Ord. 746, 10-6-2010; Ord. 755, 6-15-2011; Ord. 764, 9-14-2011; Ord. 780, 8-22-2012; Ord. 818, 2-26-2014; Ord. 847, 8-5-2015; Ord. 858, 3-9-2016; Ord. 861, 10-26-2016; Ord. 885, 11-28-2018)

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