Chapter 21A.48
LANDSCAPING AND BUFFERSlinklink

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21A.48.010: PURPOSE STATEMENT:
21A.48.020: ENFORCEMENT OF LANDSCAPE REQUIREMENTS:
21A.48.030: LANDSCAPE PLAN:
21A.48.040: SELECTION, INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE OF PLANT MATERIALS:
21A.48.050: DESIGN STANDARDS AND GUIDELINES:
21A.48.055: WATER EFFICIENT LANDSCAPING:
21A.48.060: PARK STRIP LANDSCAPING:
21A.48.070: PARKING LOT OR VEHICLE SALES OR LEASE LOTS LANDSCAPING:
21A.48.080: LANDSCAPE BUFFERS:
21A.48.090: LANDSCAPE YARDS:
21A.48.100: SPECIAL LANDSCAPE REGULATIONS:
21A.48.110: FREEWAY SCENIC LANDSCAPE SETBACK:
21A.48.120: SCREENING OF REFUSE DISPOSAL DUMPSTERS:
21A.48.130: INNOVATIVE LANDSCAPING:
21A.48.135: PRIVATE LANDS TREE PRESERVATION:
21A.48.140: CHANGES TO APPROVED LANDSCAPE PLANS:
21A.48.150: AUTOMOBILE SALES ESTABLISHMENTS:
21A.48.160: APPEAL:
21A.48.170: LANDSCAPING PROVIDED AS A CONDITION OF BUILDING PERMIT ISSUANCE:

21A.48.010: PURPOSE STATEMENT: linklink


The landscaping and buffering requirements specified in this chapter are intended to foster aesthetically pleasing development which will protect and preserve the appearance, character, health, safety and welfare of the community. These regulations are intended to increase the compatibility of adjacent uses and, in doing so, minimize the harmful impacts of noise, dust and other debris, motor vehicle headlight glare or other artificial light intrusions, and other objectionable activities or impacts conducted or created by an adjoining or nearby use, thereby fostering compatibility among different land uses. These regulations are also intended to preserve, enhance and expand the urban forest and promote the prudent use of water and energy resources. (Ord. 88-95 § 1 (Exh. A), 1995: Ord. 26-95 § 2(24-1), 1995)
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21A.48.020: ENFORCEMENT OF LANDSCAPE REQUIREMENTS: linklink

Wherever the submission and approval of a landscape plan is required by this title, such landscape plan shall be an integral part of any application for a building permit and occupancy permit. No permit shall be issued without city approval of a landscape plan as required herein. The requirements of this chapter may be modified by the zoning administrator, on a case by case basis, in response to input from the city police department regarding the effects of required landscaping on crime prevention. (Ord. 88-95 § 1 (Exh. A), 1995: Ord. 26-95 § 2(24-2), 1995)
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21A.48.030: LANDSCAPE PLAN: linklink


A. Landscape Plan Required: A landscape plan shall be required whenever landscaping or alteration of landscaping is required by this title. Such landscape plan shall be drawn in conformance with the requirements specified in this chapter. Landscape plans must be approved by the zoning administrator prior to the issuance of a building permit. Landscape plans for planned developments or conditional uses, or other uses requiring site plan review approval shall be reviewed and approved by the development review team. The construction of detached single-family residences and two-family residences shall be exempt from this landscape plan requirement, except for dwellings in the FP, FR-1 and FR-2 districts, which shall conform to the requirements of this chapter.


B. Content Of Landscape Plan: All landscape plans submitted for approval shall contain the following information, unless specifically waived by the zoning administrator:

1. The location and dimensions of all existing and proposed structures, property lines, easements, parking lots and drives, roadways and rights of way, sidewalks, bicycle paths, ground signs, refuse disposal and recycling areas, bicycle parking areas, fences, freestanding electrical equipment, tot lots and other recreational facilities, and other freestanding structural features as determined necessary by the zoning administrator;

2. The location, quantity, size and name, both botanical and common names, of all proposed plants;

3. The location, size and common names, of all existing plants including trees and other plants in the parkway, and indicating plants to be retained and removed;

4. The location of existing buildings, structures and plants on adjacent property within twenty feet (20') of the site, as determined necessary by the zoning administrator;

5. Existing and proposed grading of the site indicating contours at two foot (2') intervals. Proposed berming shall be indicated using one foot (1') contour intervals;

6. Elevations of all fences and retaining walls proposed for location on the site;

7. Elevations, cross sections and other details as determined necessary by the zoning administrator;

8. Water efficient irrigation system (separate plan required);

9. Summary data indicating the area of the site in the following classifications:

a. Total area and percentage of the site in landscape area,

b. Total area and percentage of the site in turf grasses, and

c. Total area and percentage of the site in drought tolerant plant species. (Ord. 45-07 § 1, 2007: Ord. 88-95 § 1 (Exh. A), 1995: Ord. 26-95 § 2(24-3), 1995)

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21A.48.040: SELECTION, INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE OF PLANT MATERIALS: linklink


A. Selection: Plants used in conformance with the provisions of this chapter shall be of good quality, and capable of withstanding the extremes of individual site microclimates. Size and density of plants both at the time of planting and at maturity, are additional criteria which shall be considered by the zoning administrator when approving plants. The use of drought tolerant plants is preferred when appropriate to site conditions.


B. Installation: All landscaping shall be installed in accordance with the current planting procedures established by the American Association of Nurserymen. The installation of all plants required by this chapter may be delayed until the next optimal planting season, as determined by the zoning administrator.


C. Maintenance:

1. Responsibility: The owner of the premises shall be responsible for the maintenance, repair and replacement of all landscaping materials and barriers, including refuse disposal areas, as may be required by the provisions of this chapter.

2. Landscaping Materials: All landscaping materials shall be maintained in good condition so as to present a healthy, neat and orderly appearance, and plants not in this condition shall be replaced when necessary and shall be kept free of refuse and debris.

3. Fences, Walls And Hedges: Fences, walls and hedges shall be maintained in good repair.

4. Irrigation Systems: Irrigation systems shall be maintained in good operating condition to promote the conservation of water. (Ord. 88-95 § 1 (Exh. A), 1995: Ord. 26-95 § 2(24-4), 1995)

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21A.48.050: DESIGN STANDARDS AND GUIDELINES: linklink

Landscape plans shall be prepared based on the following design standards and guidelines. Design standards are numerically measurable design requirements that can be definitively evaluated for compliance. Design guidelines are not precisely measurable, but compliance can be determined through the evaluation process of landscape plan review. The evaluation and approval of landscape plans shall be based on compliance with both the design standards and guidelines.


A. Design Standards At Time Of Planting:

1. Deciduous Trees: All deciduous trees shall have a minimum trunk size of two inches (2") in caliper, unless otherwise specified.

2. Evergreen Trees: All evergreen trees shall have a minimum size of five feet (5') in height, unless otherwise specified.

3. Ornamental Trees: All ornamental trees shall have a minimum trunk size of one and one-half inches (11/2") in caliper, unless otherwise specified.

4. Shrubs: All shrubs shall have a minimum height or spread of eighteen inches (18") depending on the plant's natural growth habit, unless otherwise specified. Plants in five (5) gallon containers will generally comply with this standard.

5. Drought Tolerant Species: Site conditions in Salt Lake City are generally arid, and the selection of plant species suited to dry conditions is appropriate. To promote water conservation, not less than eighty percent (80%) of the trees and eighty percent (80%) of the shrubs used on a site shall be drought tolerant species that can withstand dry conditions once established. The city has compiled a list titled "Water Conserving Plants For Salt Lake City", that may be locally available.

6. Existing Street Trees: The removal of trees within the street right of way is prohibited without the approval of the zoning administrator in consultation with the urban forester.


B. Design Guidelines:

1. Scale And Nature Of Landscaping Material: The scale and nature of landscaping materials shall be appropriate to the size of the structures. Large scale buildings, for example, should generally be complemented by larger scale plants.

2. Selection Of Plants: Plants shall be selected for form, texture, color, pattern of growth and adaptability to local conditions.

3. Evergreens: Evergreens should be incorporated into the landscape treatment of a site, particularly in those areas where screening and buffer is required.

4. Softening Of Walls And Fences: Plants shall be placed intermittently against long expanses of building walls, fences, and other barriers to create a softening effect.

5. Planting Beds: Planting beds may be mulched with bark chips, decorative stone, or similar materials. Mulch shall not be used as a substitute for plants.

6. Detention/Retention Basins And Ponds: Detention/retention basins and ponds shall be landscaped. Such landscaping may include shade and ornamental trees, evergreens, shrubbery, hedges, turf, ground cover and/or other plant materials.

7. Water Conservation: Landscape design pursuant to the requirements of this chapter must recognize the climatic limitations of the Salt Lake City area and the need for water conservation. While irrigation systems are required for certain landscape areas, and may be desirable for other applications, all irrigation systems shall be designed for efficient use of water.

8. Turf Grasses: Turf grasses should be used in areas with less than a fifty percent (50%) slope to prevent the runoff of irrigation water.

9. Energy Conservation: Plant placement shall be designed to reduce the energy consumption needs of the development.

a. Deciduous trees should be placed on the south and west sides of buildings to provide shade from the summer sun.

b. Evergreens and other plant materials should be concentrated on the north side of buildings to dissipate the effect of winter winds.

10. Preservation Of Existing Plants: Existing plants should be incorporated into the landscape treatment of a site as required herein or as required by the site plan review process found in chapter 21A.58 of this title. Trees in the public right of way shall not be removed without the approval of the zoning administrator and urban forester.

11. Berming: Earthen berms and existing topographic features should be, whenever determined practical by the zoning administrator, incorporated into the landscape treatment of a site, particularly when combined with plant material to facilitate screening. (Ord. 45-07 § 2, 2007: Ord. 88-95 § 1 (Exh. A), 1995: Ord. 26-95 § 2(24-5), 1995)

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21A.48.055: WATER EFFICIENT LANDSCAPING: linklink


A. Applicability:

1. New Development: All new development as specified below requiring approval by the city shall comply with the provisions of this section.

a. Residential:

(1) Large subdivisions with ten (10) or more lots which also have a common landscaped area (applies to common area only);

(2) Multi-family residential, three (3) units or more;

(3) Planned unit developments that include residential units;

(4) Single-family and two-family homes on lots that have a landscaped area greater than one-half (1/2) acre;

(5) Common areas of condominium and/or planned developments; and

(6) Mixed use developments including residential elements.

b. Nonresidential:

(1) Industrial;

(2) Commercial;

(3) Institutional (including public facilities); and

(4) Mixed use developments including industrial, commercial, or institutional elements.

2. Existing Development: The regulations in this section shall apply to all existing nonresidential, mixed use and multi-family residential development projects that increase the square footage of the footprint of the building or the parking requirement by twenty five percent (25%) or more.

3. Exemptions: The following developments and uses are exempt from the provisions of this section unless otherwise specified:

a. New single- and two-family homes on lots one-half (1/2) acre or less of landscaped area;

b. Treasured landscapes;

c. Plant collections as part of botanical gardens and arboretums open to the public;

d. Community gardens and portions of private gardens dedicated to edible plants;

e. Cemeteries;

f. Parks, athletic fields and playgrounds;

g. Ecological restoration projects that do not require a permanent irrigation system; and

h. Similar uses and activities as determined by the zoning administrator in consultation with the public utilities department or designee.


B. Submittal Requirements: In addition to the submittal requirements set forth in section 21A.48.030, "Landscape Plan", of this chapter the applicant shall complete any additional submittal requirements identified in the "Salt Lake City Landscape BMPs For Water Resource Efficiency And Protection". The landscape submittal packet shall be prepared by a licensed landscaped architect, licensed civil engineer, licensed architect, certified irrigation professional, or other landscape professional appropriately licensed or recognized by the state of Utah or Salt Lake City. It shall contain the submittal information listed in the "Salt Lake City Landscape BMPs For Water Resource Efficiency And Protection" unless specifically waived in writing by the zoning administrator in consultation with the public utilities department director.


C. Review Procedures: The following review procedures shall be followed for all landscaping plans and irrigation systems subject to this section:

1. Landscaping plans shall be submitted concurrently with a development application.

2. Backflow prevention plans shall be reviewed by the public utilities department.


D. Standards: All developments subject to this section shall comply with the following standards:

1. Required Plants: All landscapes in developments subject to this section shall use plants identified in the "Salt Lake City Plant List And Hydrozone Schedule" or plants identified as being water wise or low water plants in other guides approved by the public utilities department as listed in the "Salt Lake City Landscape BMPs For Water Resource Efficiency And Protection".

2. Plant Substitutions: Landscaping shall be installed consistent with the approved planting plans, but plant substitutions may be made provided that the substituted plants are from the same hydrozone and of similar plant type (grass for grass, tree for tree, etc.) as the plant originally specified in the approved landscape plan.

3. Hydrozones: All landscape plans shall identify and indicate each plant, and all plants shall be grouped into appropriate hydrozones as listed in the "Salt Lake City Plant List And Hydrozone Schedule" and as described in the "Salt Lake City Landscape BMPs For Water Resource Efficiency And Protection". Mixing plants from different hydrozones and with different water demands is strongly discouraged. Landscape areas with a mix of plants from different hydrozones shall be designated on landscape submittals as being of the hydrozone of the highest water demand plant within that irrigation zone.

4. Water Budget: All developments with a total landscaped area greater than one-half (1/2) acre must install an irrigation meter at the expense of the applicant and shall be assigned a tier 2 water target by the public utilities department.

5. Small Landscaped Areas: To prevent overspray and water waste, landscaped areas eight feet (8') or smaller in any perimeter dimension, including, but not limited to, park strips, parking lot islands, and landscaped areas separated by walkways from other landscaped areas, shall only be irrigated with a system designed to prevent overspray.

6. Soil Amendment/Preparation: Where appropriate, the use of organic soil amendments or additives, such as aged compost, are encouraged. See the "Salt Lake City Landscape BMPs For Water Resource Efficiency And Protection" for more information.

7. Mulch: Where mulch is required or allowed in a landscape plan by this section, it shall be installed and maintained at a minimum depth of three inches to four inches (3" - 4"). Fiber barriers and plastic sheeting that are not porous to air and water are prohibited.

8. Preservation Of Existing Specimen Trees: All specimen trees located within a landscape plan area shall be protected as provided in section 21A.48.135, "Private Lands Tree Preservation", of this chapter.

9. Water Features: Unless it is a natural water body or stream, recirculating systems shall be used for all water features such as fountains, ponds, reflecting pools, and other similar water features.

10. Irrigation Systems: Irrigation systems shall be designed, installed, and maintained to work efficiently, as defined in the "Salt Lake City Landscape BMPs For Water Resource Efficiency And Protection".

11. Backflow Prevention: Backflow prevention assemblies shall be designed and installed according to the standards as outlined in the "Salt Lake City Landscape BMPs For Water Resource Efficiency And Protection". (Ord. 16-16, 2016)

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21A.48.060: PARK STRIP LANDSCAPING: linklink


A. Intent: The intent of these requirements is to maintain the appearance of park strips, and expand landscape design flexibility while not unreasonably inhibiting access for repair and maintenance of public utilities, encourage water conservation through the use of water conserving plants and generally to improve environmental conditions along the city's streets. It is also the intent to protect the users of park strips by prohibiting the use of materials that may cause harm or injury to pedestrians or vehicles, and to provide for safe and convenient visual and physical access across park strips to and from vehicles that may park at the curb.


B. Applicability: The requirements of this section shall apply to all "park strips", as defined in section 21A.62.040 of this title, except as otherwise noted.

1. Properties With Curbs And Gutters: These standards apply to all properties in the city, including vacant lots that have street curb and/or gutter. Owners of property on streets that do not have curb and gutter are not required to maintain formal landscaping within the public right of way.

2. Improvement Districts: These requirements shall not apply to official improvement districts where exceptions to park strip standards are approved pursuant to subsection E of this section.

3. Discretionary Authority: The zoning administrator may modify the standards of this section to better achieve its intent and address site specific conditions such as, among other things, steep grades between the curb and sidewalk or the presence of canals or drainage channels.


C. General Landscape Requirements:

1. Property Owner Responsibility: All park strips shall be landscaped by the abutting property owner, in conformance with the provisions of this section. For permits involving new construction of a principal building, the contractor shall be responsible for landscaping the park strips as part of the building permit. In general, this landscaping will involve improving the ground surface of the park strip with plant material, or hard surface treatments where permitted. Park strip trees shall also be provided as required herein.

2. Maintenance: All park strip landscaping shall be maintained in a safe and well kept condition by the abutting property owner. Trash, other debris, and noxious weeds shall not be allowed to collect or grow in these areas.

3. Watering: Sufficient water shall be provided for vegetative ground cover, annuals, perennials, shrubs and trees to keep them in a healthy condition.

4. Definition Of An "Operable Irrigation System": For purposes of this section, "operable irrigation system" shall mean a fixed underground irrigation system connected to the adjacent property's water supply, but does not include a movable hose, sprinkler or other portable watering system.


D. Park Strip Trees:

1. Spacing And Size: Park strip trees, when required, shall be provided at the equivalent of at least one tree for each thirty feet (30') of street frontage and may be clustered or spaced linearly as deemed appropriate by the city forester. Tree size shall be a minimum of two inch (2") caliper (measured at a point 6 inches above the soil line) at time of planting.

2. Tree Grates: If new trees are proposed in a park strip in which the area surrounding the tree will have an impervious surface, the property owner responsible for installation shall ensure that tree wells with grates are provided which have dimensions adequate to accommodate the recommended tree species. All new installation of tree grates shall be accompanied by an operable irrigation system to ensure adequate water to the tree, and structural soil shall be installed according to Salt Lake City engineering standards.

3. Permit And Planting: No tree shall be planted in a park strip without first obtaining a permit from the urban forestry division of the Salt Lake City public services department (section 2.26.210 of this code). Tree species and location shall be approved by the city forester.

4. Tree Maintenance: Planting and maintenance of trees shall be done in conformance with the Salt Lake City urban forestry standards and specifications which are available and shall be administered and enforced through the urban forestry office. No work (pruning, removal, etc.) shall be performed on street trees without first obtaining a permit from the urban forestry office.


E. Park Strip Ground Surface Treatment: The intent of this section is to provide a palette of allowed plant, organic and/or natural materials that allow for creative landscaping, maintain a healthy street tree canopy, and create an attractive pedestrian environment while encouraging actual, not merely perceptual, water conservation. In many instances, a water wise turf grass/sod remains the most effective park strip plant material.

1. Plant Coverage: Live plant materials, not to exceed twenty two inches (22") in height, are allowed. Plants with heights up to thirty six inches (36") tall may be allowed as specimen or accent plants when not located within sight distance areas. These plants may not be planted in a manner that would create a visual barrier between the street and the sidewalk.

At least thirty three percent (33%) or more of the park strip surface must be covered with turf, perennial or low growing shrub vegetation within three (3) years of planting or when planting has reached maturity, whichever comes first. For lots with two (2) or more street frontages, this standard shall be applied separately to each adjacent park strip on each street frontage. In new park strips, or when replacing landscaping in existing park strips, it is recommended that water conserving plants constitute at least eighty percent (80%) of all plants used.

Plants which have thorns, spines, or other sharp, rigid parts are hazardous to pedestrians and bicyclists, and are difficult to walk across and are generally prohibited except that limited use of thorn bearing flowers, such as roses, may be acceptable subject to the approval of the zoning administrator.

2. Erosion: It shall be the property owner's responsibility to ensure that erosion does not deposit soil or other material on sidewalks or in the street. Where annual or perennial plants are planted in the park strip, an organic much is required on the park strip during the dormant season to prevent erosion.

3. Organic Mulch: Materials such as bark, shredded plant material, and compost, may be used as water conserving mulch for plants and may also be used as the only material in portions of a park strip.

4. Gravel, Rocks, And Boulders: Because rock, gravel and other hard surface materials as a ground cover retain and emit heat during the summer months when water is scarce, they may not be used within a thirty six inch (36") radius (72 inch diameter) of any street tree, unless an operable irrigation system is provided. Otherwise, gravel, rocks, and boulders, may be used on portions of the park strip. Organic mulch or gravel, as approved by the city forester, shall be used near existing street trees. Rocks are limited to twenty inches (20") in height. Boulders as an accent material are limited to thirty six inches (36") in height, and may not be arranged in a manner that creates a continuous visual obstruction.

Any rock raised above the curb height shall be set back from the curb by at least twenty four inches (24").

Large diameter rocks (over 6 inches) or boulders shall be kept a minimum of twenty four inches (24") away from street trees.

Any material placed beneath gravel, rocks or boulders designed to block weed growth must be of a porous nature, allowing water to percolate to plant root systems.

5. Paving Materials: Paving materials, limited to poured concrete, concrete pavers, brick pavers, or natural stone pavers, may be used in portions of a park strip subject to the following limitations:

a. Paving Materials Near Existing Street Trees: Poured concrete shall not be placed in any park strip with existing street trees unless the park strip is being improved as part of an improvement district or pedestrian traffic counts warrant (as determined by Salt Lake City transportation and engineering divisions) and tree grates and an operable irrigation system is being installed, except as otherwise noted. Organic mulch or gravel, as approved by the city forester, shall be used near existing street trees. Poured concrete or rocks/gravel may not be used in any park strip unless an operable irrigation system is provided to the street trees.

b. Twenty Four Inch Wide Park Strips: Except as specified in subsection E5a of this section, any allowed paving material listed in this section may be used in a park strip that is twenty four inches (24") or less in width. If poured concrete is used, it shall be finished with a stamped pattern resembling brick or natural stone or scored with another decorative pattern to distinguish it from the adjacent sidewalk.

c. Less Than Thirty Six Inch Wide Park Strips: In park strips that are less than thirty six inches (36") in width, brick pavers, concrete pavers, or natural stone pavers may be used. Poured concrete shall not be used except for carriageways as outlined in subsection E6 of this section. The use of plants in combination with paving materials is encouraged.

d. Park Strips Thirty Six Inches Wide Or Greater: In park strips thirty six inches (36") in width or greater, the combination of all paving materials, gravel, rocks, and boulders shall not exceed sixty seven percent (67%) of the total park strip surface area. Poured concrete shall not be used except for carriageways as outlined in subsection E6 of this section.

6. Carriageways: In order to provide for safe and convenient access across park strips to and from vehicles that may park at the curb, carriageways (walkways between the curb and sidewalk) through planted area are encouraged. The material of carriageways may be poured concrete, concrete pavers, brick pavers, or flat, natural stone paving materials such as flagstone or a combination of these materials. If poured concrete is used, the carriageway shall be not more than four feet (4') in width and shall be located so as to provide the most direct route from the curb to the sidewalk. The area of carriageways shall be included in calculating the percentage of inorganic material in the park strip.

7. Retaining Walls, Fences And Other Similar Structural Encroachments: Retaining walls, fences, steps, raised planter boxes and other similar structural encroachments in park strips are only permitted when specifically approved by the engineering department pursuant to adopted standards and/or recognized engineering principles, and by:

a. The historic landmark commission if the proposed structure is located with the H historic preservation overlay district;

b. The planning commission if the proposed structure is part of a development proposal that requires planning commission approval;

c. The planning director or the planning director's designee if the proposed structure is not within an H historic preservation overlay district and not part of a development proposal that requires planning commission approval; or

d. The city council if the proposed structure is part of an adopted improvement district.

Structural encroachments in park strips are generally limited because they may block access from the street to the sidewalks and create obstructions to, and increase the cost of performing maintenance of public improvements and utilities within the park strip. Structural encroachments are not permitted unless the relevant decision making entities identified in this section find that:

a. The proposed structures will serve the general public and are part of general public need, or

b. The proposed structures are necessary for the functional use of the adjacent property (such as a mailbox near the curb, steps or a retaining wall on a sloping site, fence behind the sidewalk, etc.), and

c. There are no other practical locations for the structure on the adjacent private property.

Any raised structure or retaining wall shall be set back from the curb by at least twenty four inches (24").

This subsection E7 does not apply to outdoor dining that is subject to section 21A.40.065 of this title or ground mounted utility boxes governed by section 21A.40.160 of this title.

8. Plants And Objects Within Sight Distance Areas: Because of safety and visibility issues related to both pedestrians and automobile drivers, tall objects are not allowed in sight distance triangle areas. Except for street trees, or mailboxes, no plant, boulder, monument, structure or other object which is over twenty two inches (22") in height shall be planted or located within sight distance areas.

9. Turf And Gravel On Steep Park Strips: Turf and gravel are not permitted in park strips with a slope greater than three to one (3:1) (3 feet horizontal distance to 1 foot vertical distance). Turf is difficult to mow on steep slopes and gravel will migrate down the slope and collect in the gutter. Larger rocks (a diameter greater than 6 inches) or boulders used on steep park strips shall be buried in the ground to a depth equal to at least one-third (1/3) of the rock or boulder's average dimension in order to anchor them into the slope.

10. Exceptions To Park Strip Standards: Exceptions to the park strip policies established herein shall be limited to the following:

a. Improvement District: Variations from these standards may be approved as part of improvement districts. Areas where alternative park strip materials could be considered include identifiable nonresidential areas. The improvement district concept is not intended to respond to one or two (2) properties but an identifiable district. The improvement district concept is not generally applicable to residential areas where a predominant design theme consisting of vegetation has been established.

b. Nonconforming Provision: All vegetation located in park strips prior to November 5, 1992, may be maintained subject to city transportation division approval for sight distance and public way safety requirements.

c. Bus Stop Benches And Shelters, And Bike Share Stations: Concrete pads for bus stop benches and/or shelters and bike share stations are permitted with zoning administrator approval and subject to all permitting requirements. Concrete used for this purpose shall not be included in calculating the percentage of inorganic material in the park strip.

d. Outdoor Dining: Park strip materials may be modified by the zoning administrator when outdoor dining is approved pursuant to section 21A.40.065 of this title. (Ord. 16-16, 2016)

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21A.48.070: PARKING LOT OR VEHICLE SALES OR LEASE LOTS LANDSCAPING: linklink


A. Applicability: All hard surfaced parking lots or hard surfaced vehicle sales or lease lots, for passenger cars and light trucks, with fifteen (15) or more parking spaces shall provide landscaping in accordance with the provisions of this section. Smaller parking lots shall not be required to provide landscaping other than yard area landscaping and landscaped buffer requirements as specified in other sections of this title.


B. Interior Parking Lot And Vehicle Sales Or Lease Lots Landscaping:

1. Area Required: Not less than five percent (5%) of the interior of a parking lot or vehicle sales or lease lots shall be devoted to landscaping. Landscaping areas located along the perimeter of a parking lot or vehicle sales or lease lots beyond the curb or edge of pavement of the lot shall not be included toward satisfying this requirement.

2. Landscaped Areas: The landscaped areas defined in subsection B1 of this section shall be improved in conformance with the following:

a. Dispersion: Interior parking lot or vehicle sales or lease lots landscaping areas shall be dispersed throughout the parking lot or vehicle sales or lease lots.

b. Minimum Size: Interior parking lot or vehicle sales or lease lots landscaping areas shall be a minimum of one hundred twenty (120) square feet in area and shall be a minimum of five feet (5') in width, as measured from back of curb to back of curb.

c. Landscape Material: The plants used to improve the landscape areas defined above shall conform to the following:

(1) Type: The primary plant materials used in parking lots or vehicle sales or lease lots shall be shade tree species in conformance with applicable provisions of subsections 21A.48.050A and B of this chapter. Ornamental trees, shrubbery, hedges, and other plants may be used to supplement the shade tree plantings, but shall not be the sole contribution to such landscaping;

(2) Quantity: One shade tree shall be provided for every one hundred twenty (120) square feet of landscaping area;

(3) Ground Cover: A minimum of fifty percent (50%) of every interior parking lot or vehicle sales or lease lots landscaping area shall be planted with an approved ground cover in the appropriate density to achieve complete cover within two (2) years, as determined by the zoning administrator.

3. Exceptions: In the CG, M-1, M-2 and EI districts, hard surfaced areas used as operational yard areas for trucks, trailers and other incidental vehicles, other than passenger automobiles and light trucks, and which are not parking lots for employees, clients, and customers, are exempt from the parking lot interior landscaping standards.


C. Perimeter Parking Lot Landscaping:

1. Applicability: Where a parking lot is located within a required yard, or within twenty feet (20') of a lot line, perimeter landscaping shall be required along the corresponding edge of the parking lot in conformance with the provisions in table 21A.48.070G of this section. Perimeter landscaping for vehicle sales or lease lots shall include rear and interior side yard landscaping only. Front and corner side yard landscaping for vehicle sales or lease lots shall be provided as specified in each zoning district. Where both landscape buffers and parking lot landscaping is required, the more restrictive requirement shall apply.

2. Landscape Area: Where perimeter landscaping is required, it shall be provided within landscape areas at least seven feet (7') in width, as measured from the back of the parking lot curb and extending any parking space overhang area.

3. Required Improvements: Within the landscape area required above, landscape improvements shall be required as established in table 21A.48.070G of this section.


D. Parking Lot Fencing: Fences along parking lot perimeters may be required through the site plan review process pursuant to the provisions of chapter 21A.58 of this title or when required by the zoning administrator to satisfy buffer requirements outlined in section 21A.48.080 of this chapter.


E. Parking Lot Curb Controls: Six inch (6") poured concrete curb controls shall be constructed around all required landscaping on the perimeter and within parking lots.


F. Discretionary Authority: The zoning administrator may modify requirements of this section to better achieve the intent of this section and address site specific conditions. These modifications shall be limited to the location of required plants and shall not permit a reduction in the required total number of plants.


G. Landscape Improvements Table:

TABLE 21A.48.070G
REQUIRED PERIMETER PARKING LOT
LANDSCAPE IMPROVEMENTS

General Intent: The landscape requirements identified in this table provide for the enhancement of parking lots by recognizing two (2) distinct conditions. The first is where parking lots are located within front and corner side yards, and a uniform scheme of landscaping is required to protect the aesthetics along public streets. The second condition is where parking lots are located within rear and interior side yards, and minimum requirements for beautification of both residential and nonresidential uses are the city's goal. The intent is to require a higher level of landscaping for residential uses (principally multi-family uses) than for nonresidential uses. The improvements established in this table are required only for parking lots with fifteen (15) or more spaces and where the lot is located within a required yard or within twenty feet (20') of a lot line. The reduction of impacts between dissimilar uses is addressed by section 21A.48.080 of this chapter. Where both parking lot landscaping and landscape buffers are required, the more restrictive shall apply.

Required Landscaping   Front And Corner Side Yards  
Shade trees   1 tree per 50 feet of yard length, measured to the nearest whole number (in addition to required parkway trees)  
Shrubs   1 shrub per 3 feet, on center along 100 percent of the yard length. Shrubs with mature height not more than 3 feet unless a lower shrub height is specifically required in this chapter for front yard areas  
Ground cover   Landscape area outside of shrub masses shall be established in turf or other ground cover  
   
Required Landscaping   Rear And Interior Side Yards  
Residential Use (Including
Institutional Residential Uses)  

Nonresidential Use  
Shade trees   1 tree per 30 feet of yard length, measured to the nearest whole number   1 tree per 50 feet of yard length, measured to the nearest whole number  
Shrubs   1 shrub per 3 feet, on center along 100 percent of the yard length. Shrubs shall have a mature height not less than 3 feet   1 shrub per 3 feet, on center along 50 percent of the yard length. Shrubs shall have a mature height of not less than 3 feet  
Ground cover   Landscape area outside of shrub masses shall be established as per section 21A.48.090 of this chapter   Landscape area outside of shrub masses shall be established as per section 21A.48.090 of this chapter  


H. Landscaping Performance Standards For Airport District (A): Parking lot landscaping in airport district shall comply with the specifications set forth in subsections 21A.34.040EE and FF of this title. (Ord. 45-07 § 3 (Exh. A), 2007: Ord. 70-03 §§ 3, 4, 2003: Ord. 35-99 §§ 87, 88, 1999: Ord. 88-95 § 1 (Exh. A), 1995: Ord. 26-95 § 2(24-7), 1995)

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21A.48.080: LANDSCAPE BUFFERS: linklink


A. Applicability: The regulations of this section shall establish the dimensions and improvement requirements of landscape buffers as required for transitions between dissimilar uses.


B. General Restrictions: Landscape buffers shall be reserved for planting and fencing as required within this section. No parking, driveways, sidewalks, accessory buildings or other impervious surfaces shall be permitted, unless specifically authorized through the site plan review process. Landscape buffers may be located within required yards or required landscape yards as established in the applicable district regulations. Where both landscape buffers and parking lot landscaping is required the more restrictive shall apply.


C. Size Of Landscape Buffers: The minimum size of landscape buffers for various situations is set forth below:

1. RMF-30, RMF-35, RMF-45, RMF-75, R-MU-35, R-MU-45, R-MU, RO, MU, PL, PL-2 And OS Districts: Lots in the RMF-30, RMF-35, RMF-45, RMF-75, R-MU-35, R-MU-45, R-MU, RO, MU, PL, PL-2 or OS districts which abut a lot in a single-family or two-family residential district, shall provide a ten foot (10') wide landscape buffer.

2. RB District: A landscape buffer is not required for lots in an RB district which abut a lot in a residential district.

3. CN, CB, CC And CSHBD Districts: Lots in the CN, CB, CC or CSHBD districts which abut a lot in a residential district shall provide a seven foot (7') landscape buffer.

4. CS And CG Districts: Lots in the CS or CG districts which abut a lot in a residential district shall provide a fifteen foot (15') landscape buffer.

5. M-1 District: Lots in the M-1 district which abut a lot in a residential district shall provide a fifteen foot (15') landscape buffer.

6. M-2 District: Lots in the M-2 district which abut a lot in a residential district shall provide a fifty foot (50') landscape buffer.

7. RP And BP Districts: Lots in the RP or BP districts which abut a lot in a residential district shall provide a thirty foot (30') landscape buffer.

8. I Institutional District: Lots in the I institutional district which abut a lot in a residential district shall provide a landscape buffer fifteen feet (15') in width or equal to the average height of the facade of the principal building facing the buffer, whichever is greater.

9. UI Urban Institutional District: Lots in the UI urban institutional district which abut a lot in a single-family or two-family residential district shall provide a fifteen foot (15') landscape buffer.

10. MH Mobile Home District: A landscape buffer of twenty feet (20') in width shall be provided around the perimeter of each mobile home park.

11. EI Extractive Industry And LO Landfill Overlay Districts: A landscape buffer of thirty feet (30') shall be provided around the perimeter of each use.

12. TC-75 District: Lots in the TC-75 district which abut a lot in a residential district, shall provide a ten foot (10') landscaped buffer.


D. Improvement Of Landscape Buffers: Required planting and fencing shall be installed in conformance with the following provisions:

1. RMF-30, RMF-35, RMF-45, RMF-75, R-MU-35, R-MU-45, R-MU, RO, MU, PL, PL-2 And OS Districts: In the RMF-30, RMF-35, RMF-45, RMF-75, R-MU-35, R-MU-45, R-MU, RO, MU, PL, PL-2 and OS districts, the following improvements shall be provided:

a. Shade trees shall be planted at the rate of one tree for every thirty (30) linear feet of landscape buffer.

b. A continuous evergreen or deciduous shrub hedge shall be planted along the entire length of landscape buffer. This shrub hedge shall have a mature height of not less than four feet (4').

c. A fence not exceeding six feet (6') in height may be combined with the shrub hedge, subject to the approval of the zoning administrator.

d. Landscape yards shall be maintained per section 21A.48.090 of this chapter.

2. CN, CB, CC And CSHBD Districts: In the CN, CB, CC and CSHBD districts, the following improvements shall be provided:

a. Shade trees shall be planted at the rate of one tree for every thirty (30) linear feet of landscape buffer;

b. Shrubs, having a mature height of not less than four feet (4'), shall be planted along the entire length of the landscape buffer;

c. Landscape yards shall be maintained per section 21A.48.090 of this chapter; and

d. A solid fence between four (4) and six feet (6') in height shall be erected along the property line unless waived by the zoning administrator.

3. CS, CG, M-1, I, UI, MH, RP And BP Districts: In the CS, CG, M-1, I, UI, MH, RP and BP districts, the following improvements shall be provided:

a. Shade trees shall be planted at the rate of one tree per twenty five (25) linear feet along the entire length of the landscape yard. Shade trees may be clustered subject to the site plan review approval. Evergreen trees may be substituted for a portion of the shade trees;

b. Shrub masses, at least two (2) rows deep and with shrubs alternately spaced, shall be provided along the entire length of the landscape yard. Shrubs shall reach a mature height of not less than four feet (4');

c. Landscape yards shall be maintained per section 21A.48.090 of this chapter; and

d. A solid fence six feet (6') in height shall be located on the property line along the required landscape buffer unless waived by the zoning administrator.

4. M-2 District: In the M-2 district, the following improvements shall be provided:

a. Shade trees shall be planted at a rate of one tree for every twenty feet (20') of length of the landscape buffer. Shade trees may be grouped or clustered, subject to site plan review approval. Evergreen trees may be used as substitutes for some of the shade trees.

b. Shrub masses, at least two (2) rows deep and with shrubs alternately spaced, shall be provided along seventy five percent (75%) of the length of the landscape yard. Shrubs shall reach a mature height of not less than four feet (4').

c. Landscape yards shall be maintained per section 21A.48.090 of this chapter.

5. EI And LO Districts: Each use in the EI and LO districts must submit a landscape plan to the zoning administrator indicating how the proposed landscaping will mitigate noise, dust or other impacts on surrounding and nearby uses. (Ord. 45-07 § 4, 2007: Ord. 76-05 § 3, 2005: Ord. 71-04 §§ 25, 26, 2004: Ord. 13-04 §§ 28, 29, 2004: Ord. 73-02 §§ 16, 17, 2002: Ord. 88-95 § 1 (Exh. A), 1995: Ord. 26-95 § 2(24-8), 1995)

http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&chapter_id=49085#s1122172
21A.48.090: LANDSCAPE YARDS: linklink

Landscape yards are yards devoted exclusively to landscaping except, however, that driveways and sidewalks needed to serve the use and buildings on the lot may be located within a required landscape yard. As used in this chapter, the term "landscaping" shall be defined as set forth in section 21A.62.040, "Definitions Of Terms", of this title. No specific improvements are required within landscape yards, except that all landscape areas shall be maintained with at least one-third (1/3) of the yard(s) area covered by vegetation, which may include trees, shrubs, grasses, annual or perennial plants and vegetable plants. Mulches such as organic mulch, gravel, rocks and boulders shall be a minimum depth of three inches to four inches (3" - 4"), dependent on the material used, to control weeds and erosion in unplanted areas and between plants, and that these aforementioned items at all times cover any installed weed block barriers that cover the ground surface.


A. Bond Requirement: All developers and/or contractors shall be required to post a bond with the city for the total amount of the landscaping contract for all multi-family dwellings and commercial development. (Ord. 16-16, 2016)

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21A.48.100: SPECIAL LANDSCAPE REGULATIONS: linklink

In addition to the foregoing requirements, special landscape regulations shall apply to certain zoning districts. These regulations are established below:


A. FP Foothills Protection District:

1. Landscape Plan Required: A landscape plan, conforming to sections 21A.48.030 and 21A.48.050 of this chapter, shall be required for all uses within this district. This plan shall delineate the proposed revegetation of disturbed areas of the site, and road/driveway areas. The landscape plan shall extend one hundred feet (100') beyond the disturbed site area and twenty five feet (25') beyond the limits of grading for roads/driveways, but need not include any portions of the site designated as undevelopable unless these areas are disturbed.

2. Maximum Disturbed Area: The maximum disturbed area shall not exceed ten percent (10%) of the total site area.

3. Tree Preservation And Replacement: Existing trees over two inches (2") in caliper that are removed from the site to accommodate development shall be replaced. Whenever microclimate conditions make it practical, the proportion of replacement tree species shall be the same as the trees removed.

4. Limits On Turf: To help promote the intent of this district by minimizing the impact on the natural landscape, the area of turf grasses shall not exceed thirty percent (30%) of the area to be landscaped and shall not encroach into undevelopable areas.

5. Slope Revegetation: All slopes graded or otherwise disturbed shall be restored/replanted. Restored vegetation shall consist of native or adapted grasses, herbaceous perennials, or woody trees and shrubs as appropriate for slope, soil and microclimate conditions.

6. Irrigation: Irrigation shall be installed to provide needed water for at least the first two (2) years of growth to establish revegetation of natural areas. Irrigation for areas of turf and ornamental landscaping shall be provided at the discretion of the property owner, however, all systems shall be subject to the review and approval of the zoning administrator.

7. Erosion Protection: As a condition of site plan approval, a plan for erosion protection shall be submitted with the landscape plan.


B. FR-1 And FR-2 Foothills Residence Districts:

1. Landscape Plan Required: A landscape plan, conforming to sections 21A.48.030 and 21A.48.050 of this chapter, shall be required for all uses within this district. This plan shall delineate the proposed revegetation of disturbed site areas.

2. Tree Preservation And Replacement: Existing trees over two inches (2") in caliper that are removed from the site to accommodate development shall be replaced. Whenever microclimate conditions make it practical, the proportion of replacement tree species shall be the same as the trees removed.

3. Slope Revegetation: All slopes graded or otherwise disturbed shall be restored/replanted. Restored vegetation shall consist of native or adapted grasses, herbaceous perennials, or woody trees and shrubs as appropriate for slope and microclimate conditions.

4. Irrigation: Irrigation shall be installed to provide needed water for at least the first two (2) years of growth to establish revegetation of natural areas. Irrigation for areas of turf and ornamental landscaping shall be provided at the discretion of the property owner, however, all systems shall be subject to city review and approval.

5. Erosion Protection: As a condition of site plan approval, a plan for erosion protection shall be submitted with the landscape plan.


C. CC Commercial District:

1. Special Front Yard Landscaping: Special front yard landscaping shall be required in conformance with the following:

a. The first fifteen feet (15') of lot depth shall be devoted to landscaping. Driveways and sidewalks may be located within this area to serve the building and use on the lot;

b. Shrubs limited to a height of not more than three feet (3') shall be provided at the rate of one shrub for every two feet (2') of lot width. A mix of shrub species is recommended, and at least forty percent (40%) of the shrubs must be evergreen;

c. Trees shall be provided at the rate of one tree for every twenty five feet (25') of lot width, rounded to the nearest whole number. Evergreen trees or shade trees may be substituted with ornamental trees, subject to the review and approval of the development review team; and

d. Areas not planted with shrubs or trees shall be maintained in turf or as vegetative ground cover. A drought tolerant ground cover is recommended.

2. Irrigation: Permanent irrigation shall be installed and used as needed to maintain plant material in a healthy state.

3. Maintenance: Landscaping shall be installed and maintained in substantial conformance with the approved landscape plan. Landscaping shall be kept free of weeds and litter.


D. D-1 Central Business District And D-4 Downtown Secondary Central Business District:

1. Right Of Way Landscaping: The principal area of focus for landscaping in the D-1 and D-4 districts shall be along sidewalks and parkways. Landscaping on private property shall be subject to the regulations below and in the D-1 and D-4 districts.

a. Location: Landscape areas shall be located a minimum of two feet (2') from back of the street curb and shall be located in conformance with the adopted beautification plan for an approved beautification district. If the beautification plan does not address the site in question, the location of landscape areas shall be determined through the site plan review process.

b. Trees: Shade trees shall be planted as specified through the site plan review process.

c. Shrubs/Ground Cover: The ground surface of the landscape area may be suitable for the planting of shrubs, ground cover or flowers depending on use and pedestrian patterns. Tree grates or other improvements may be required to facilitate pedestrian circulation along the street. The ground surface shall be determined by the beautification plan, or in the absence of specific direction from the plan, the site plan review process.

2. Landscaping For Vacant Lots: Special landscaping shall be required on those lots becoming vacant, where no replacement use is proposed, in conformance with the following:

a. Landscape Yard Requirement: A landscape yard of fifteen feet (15') shall be required as measured from any point along all property lines. Fencing, pursuant to section 21A.40.120 of this title, can be used as an element of the overall landscaping plan, however, shall not be used in lieu of the landscaping requirements of this section. The purpose of any fencing on downtown lots is for aesthetic value only, and shall consist of wrought iron or other similar material (no chainlink). Fencing shall be open so as not to create a visual barrier, and shall be limited to a maximum of four feet (4') in height, with the exception of a fence located on any corner lot as noted in subsection 21A.40.120E of this title. The approval of a final landscape plan, that includes a fencing element, shall be delegated to the building official with the input of the planning director, to determine if the fencing materials, location, and height are compatible with adjacent properties in a given setting.

b. Trees: Shade trees shall be provided at the rate of one tree per thirty feet (30') of yard length, rounded up to the nearest whole number.

c. Shrubs: Shrubs shall be provided at the rate of one plant for every three feet (3') of yard length, evenly spaced, limited to a height of not more than three feet (3'). All plants shall be drought tolerant; consult the Salt Lake City water wise plant list for suggestions. At least forty percent (40%) of the plants must be evergreen.

d. Ground Cover: Areas not planted with shrubs and trees shall be maintained in drought tolerant vegetative ground cover.

e. Irrigation: Permanent irrigation shall be installed and used as needed to maintain plant materials in a healthy state.

f. Maintenance: Landscaping shall be installed and maintained in conformance with the approved landscape plan. Landscaping shall be kept free of weeds and litter.


E. Transitional Overlay District: All conditional uses in the transitional overlay district shall conform to the following landscape/buffer requirements. Permitted uses shall be exempt from these requirements.

1. Landscaped Front And Corner Side Yard: All front and corner side yards shall be maintained as landscape yards. The improvement of such landscape yards shall be consistent with the character of the residential neighborhood.

2. Landscaped Interior Side Yard: Where the interior side yard abuts a residential use, a landscape yard eight feet (8') in width shall be provided. This landscape yard shall be improved as set forth below:

a. A six foot (6') high solid fence or wall shall be constructed from the front yard setback line to the rear lot line. The outside edge of this fence or wall shall be located no less than seven feet (7') from the side lot line. The requirement for a fence or wall may be waived by the zoning administrator if the building elevation facing the residential property is of a design not requiring screening by a fence or wall;

b. Deciduous shade trees shall be planted within the landscape yard. One tree per thirty (30) linear feet of landscape yard shall be required, although the spacing of trees may be arranged in an informal manner;

c. A continuous row of shrubs (deciduous or evergreen) shall be planted along the entire length of the landscape yard. The size of the shrubs shall not be less than four feet (4') in height at the time of maturity. The spacing of shrubs shall not be greater than five feet (5') on center. Shrubs must be set back from the side lot line at least four feet (4') on center; and

d. Landscape yards shall be maintained per section 21A.48.090 of this chapter.

3. Landscaped Rear Yard: Where the rear yard abuts a residential use, a solid fence or wall shall be constructed along the entire length of the rear lot line. The requirement for a fence or wall may be waived if conditions on the lot, including landscape screening within the rear yard, eliminate the need for a fence or wall. (Ord. 20-14, 2014: Ord. 45-07 § 6, 2007: Ord. 65-05 § 4, 2005: Ord. 13-04 § 30, 2004: Ord. 88-95 § 1 (Exh. A), 1995: Ord. 26-95 § 2(24-10), 1995)

http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&chapter_id=49085#s1122174
21A.48.110: FREEWAY SCENIC LANDSCAPE SETBACK: linklink


A. Purpose Statement: Freeway scenic landscape setbacks shall be established along all federal interstate highways to enhance the visual appearance of Salt Lake City, reduce visual distractions to motorists and promote the general health, safety and welfare of Salt Lake City.


B. Applicability: Freeway scenic landscape setbacks shall be required for all lots abutting an interstate highway that are subdivided after April 12, 1995, for construction of a principal building, or for a twenty five percent (25%) floor area increase of a principal building, or for any new use of a previously undeveloped site or twenty five percent (25%) expansion of an existing use on a developed site, in all zones except single-family, R-2 single- and two-family residential districts.


C. Scenic Landscape Location: Freeway scenic landscape setbacks shall be located directly adjacent to an interstate highway right of way line. For applicable properties adjacent to an interstate highway, a scenic landscape setback shall be provided along the full length of its frontage along such interstate highway.


D. Size Of Scenic Landscape Setback: For lots platted after April 12, 1995, scenic landscape setbacks shall be twenty feet (20') in width. For lots existing as of April 12, 1995, the width of the scenic setback may be reduced, upon approval of the zoning administrator, if such reduction is necessary to achieve the required off street parking. The width of the scenic landscape setback shall not be less than ten feet (10').


E. Planting Of Scenic Landscape Setback: All scenic landscape setbacks shall be planted to achieve a significant vegetative screen. To accomplish this, the following planting shall be required within a scenic landscape setback.

1. Shade Trees: One shade tree shall be planted for each three hundred (300) square feet of setback area.

2. Evergreen Trees: Evergreen trees may be substituted for one hundred percent (100%) of the shade trees required in subsection E1 of this section, where microclimate conditions support the use of evergreen trees, subject to the approval of the zoning administrator.

3. Ornamental Trees: Ornamental trees, having a mature canopy size less than thirty feet (30'), may be substituted for up to thirty percent (30%) of the shade trees required in subsection E1 of this section.

4. Large Shrubs: Large shrubs may be substituted for up to ten percent (10%) of the shade trees required in subsection E1 of this section. Three (3) large shrubs shall be planted for each shade tree substitution.

5. Ground Cover: To promote water conservation and the visual character of the native landscape, scenic landscape setbacks shall use native grasses, wildflowers and shrubs for the establishment of ground cover. In areas with greater exposure to sun and drought conditions, herbaceous perennials and shrubs will be used to create a native ground cover.


F. Drought Tolerant Material: All of the plant material used shall be drought tolerant species conforming to the current list maintained by the zoning administrator, or as otherwise approved.


G. Irrigation: A permanent water efficient irrigation system shall be installed within each scenic landscape setback.


H. Waiver Of Requirements: Some or all of the requirements of this section may be waived by the zoning administrator if conformance with such will not benefit the visual appearance of the city or the general public welfare. Specifically, the zoning administrator may waive the requirement where property abuts interstate highway bridges and underpasses and where the change of grade/elevation would not allow for views of the scenic landscape setback. (Ord. 61-11, 2011: Ord. 73-02 § 18, 2002: Ord. 83-98 § 15, 1998: Ord. 88-95 § 1 (Exh. A), 1995: Ord. 26-95 § 2(24-11), 1995)

http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&chapter_id=49085#s1122175
21A.48.120: SCREENING OF REFUSE DISPOSAL DUMPSTERS: linklink

All refuse disposal dumpsters, except those located in the CG, M-2, LO and EI districts shall be screened on all sides by a solid wood fence, masonry wall or an equivalent opaque material to a height of not less than six feet (6') but not more than eight feet (8'). This requirement shall not apply to recycling containers and devices. (Ord. 88-95 § 1 (Exh. A), 1995: Ord. 26-95 § 2(24-12), 1995)
http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&chapter_id=49085#s1122176
21A.48.130: INNOVATIVE LANDSCAPING: linklink

Innovative landscaping design is encouraged and shall be considered as a positive attribute in connection with any request for a variation from the requirements of this chapter. (Ord. 88-95 § 1 (Exh. A), 1995: Ord. 26-95 § 2(24-13), 1995)
http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&chapter_id=49085#s1122177
21A.48.135: PRIVATE LANDS TREE PRESERVATION: linklink


A. Purpose Statement: The purpose of these tree preservation provisions is to recognize and protect the valuable asset embodied in the trees that exist on private lands within the city and ensure that the existing trees of Salt Lake City continue to provide benefit to its citizens. Essential to effective tree preservation is the understanding of tree growth requirements having to do with space, water, and soil quality needs, among other qualities. Good, early planning, site design, and construction management practices are key to allowing trees to prosper. Preconstruction planning and mitigation of potential impacts that development may have on trees is necessary and one of the purposes of this section. Numerous community and personal benefits arise from the presence of trees in urbanized areas - both on residential and nonresidential lands - and it is the intent of this section through the preservation of the trees to:

1. Enhance the quality of life in the city and protect public health and safety;

2. Preserve and enhance the visual and aesthetic qualities of the city;

3. Enhance public and private property for greater enjoyment and usability due to the shade, cooling, and the aesthetic beauty afforded by trees;

4. Protect and improve the real estate values of the city;

5. Preserve and enhance air and water quality;

6. Reduce noise, glare, dust, and heat, and moderate climate, including urban heat island effect;

7. Increase slope stability, and control erosion and sediment runoff into streams and waterways;

8. Protect the natural habitat and ecosystems of the city;

9. Conserve energy by reducing heating and cooling costs; and

10. Preserve the function of mature trees to absorb greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide.


B. Applicability:

1. General: The standards in this section shall apply to new development in the city unless exempted in accordance with subsection C, "Exemptions", of this section. The standards in this section shall apply at the time of a development application for "development" as defined in the zoning ordinance.

2. Other Regulations: Title 2, chapter 2.26 of this code, the Salt Lake City urban forestry ordinance, addressing the protection of trees located on public property owned by the city and in rights of way, shall remain in effect.

3. Specimen Trees: The city forester shall maintain a list of trees or tree types that are deemed to be specimen trees subject to subsection E, "Standards", of this section.


C. Exemptions: The following specimen tree removal activities may be exempt from the standards of this section upon confirmation and approval by the city forester:

1. The removal of dead, damaged, or naturally fallen trees, or in cases of community emergency;

2. When in conjunction with the construction of a single- or two-family residence not part of a proposed new subdivision;

3. The removal of trees on an existing legal lot when not associated with new development;

4. The removal of trees in such a condition that they pose a threat to structures or natural features on the site, on adjoining properties, or in the public right of way;

5. The removal of diseased trees posing a threat to adjacent trees;

6. The selective and limited removal of trees necessary to obtain clear visibility at driveways or intersections;

7. The removal of trees associated with development at the Salt Lake City International Airport only as necessary to provide safe operations;

8. The removal of trees when requested by the city forester for the purposes of conflict with utilities or streets; and

9. The removal of trees deemed appropriate by the city forester, based on tree species, site conditions, or other variables.


D. Definitions: For purposes of this chapter, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

CALIPER: The dimension of the diameter of a tree trunk measured at a distance of six inches (6") from the soil line.

dbh: Diameter at breast height.

DIAMETER AT BREAST HEIGHT: The dimension of the diameter of a tree trunk measured at a distance of four feet six inches (4'6") from the ground.

MAXIMUM EXTENT PRACTICABLE: No feasible or practical alternative exists, as determined by the city forester, and all possible efforts to comply with the standards or regulations and minimize potential harmful or adverse impacts have been undertaken by the applicant. Economic considerations may be taken into account but shall not be the overriding factor in determining "maximum extent practicable".

SPECIMEN TREE: A structurally sound and healthy tree or grouping of trees, having an individual or combined dbh measuring greater than ten inches (10"); whose future vitality can be reasonably expected and maintained with proper protection and regularly scheduled care; and whose absence from the landscape would significantly alter the site's appearance, environmental benefit, character or history.

TREE PROTECTION FENCING: The fencing required to be installed, and maintained during construction activities, to delineate required tree protection zones.

TREE PROTECTION ZONE: The area of a development site that includes the area located within the drip line of specimen trees and also includes the area that supports tree health requirements and interactions as determined by the city forester.


E. Standards:

1. Preservation Of Specimen Trees: Specimen trees shall be preserved to the maximum extent practicable as determined by the city forester, in consultation with the zoning administrator, unless exempted pursuant to subsection C, "Exemptions", of this section.

a. In determining if preservation is impracticable, the city shall consider the following criteria, including, but not limited to:

(1) Whether an alternative location or configuration of the development including elements such as parking or structures on the site would be feasible to accomplish tree preservation, without negatively impacting adjacent properties,

(2) Whether preservation of the specimen tree would render all permitted development on the property infeasible, or

(3) If development of the property will provide significant community benefits that outweigh tree preservation.

b. The zoning administrator may modify any dimensional standard, such as setbacks and height limits, by up to twenty percent (20%) if such modification will result in preservation of a specimen tree.

2. Cutting, Removal, Or Damage Prohibited: Specimen trees, required to be preserved, shall not be cut, removed, pushed over, killed, or otherwise damaged.

3. Paving, Fill, Excavation, Or Soil Compaction Prohibited: The tree protection zone of any protected specimen tree shall not be subjected to paving, filling, excavation, or soil compaction.

4. Mitigation: Where the city determines it is not practicable to preserve a specimen tree on the development site, the following mitigation provisions shall apply.

a. Replacement Tree Required: Two (2) caliper inches of replacement trees shall be provided for each dbh of specimen tree removed (for example, if a 24 inch dbh specimen tree is removed, it must be replaced with at least 24 trees of a minimum 2 inch caliper or 8 trees with a 6 inch caliper). Each replacement tree shall be a minimum of two inches (2") in caliper, and shall either be replanted prior to certificate of occupancy or within a conditional time frame as approved by the city forester. Consult the "Salt Lake City Plant List And Hydrozone Schedule" for recommendations on tree selection.

Replacement trees shall be planted on the lot or site where the specimen tree was removed except where the city forester, in consultation with the zoning administrator, finds the following:

(1) The site does not provide for adequate landscape surface area to accommodate the total number of replacement trees; or

(2) That due to unique soil types, topography, or unusual characteristics of the site, the likelihood of successful tree growth is diminished.

In such cases, the applicant shall mitigate for the loss of the specimen tree in the form of payment to the city's tree fund as provided below.

b. Cash In Lieu Payment/Tree Fund Contribution: Applicants who are permitted to remove a specimen tree but not plant a replacement tree on site shall make a cash in lieu payment, in the amount of the cost to purchase and plant the required number of replacement trees, into the city's tree fund.


F. Specimen Tree Protection During Construction:

1. Owner's Responsibility: During construction, the owner of the property shall be responsible for the ongoing health of specimen trees located on the site. This includes basic tree maintenance and watering throughout the term of construction. The owner shall also ensure the erection of barriers necessary to protect any specimen tree from damage during and after construction.

2. Tree Protection Zone Fencing: Tree protection fencing shall be erected to protect all preserved trees from excavation, fill, compaction, or other impacts that would threaten tree health. Specimen trees shall be fenced in accordance with this subsection before any grading, excavating, or other land disturbing activity begins on a construction site. No construction, grading, equipment or material storage, or any other activity shall be allowed within the tree protection zone, as delineated by the required tree protection fencing, except in accordance with the standards in subsection F3, "Encroachments Into Tree Protection Zones And Root Zones", of this section. Fencing shall be maintained until the land disturbance activities are complete, and shall not be removed or altered without first obtaining written consent from the city forester.

The tree protection fencing shall be clearly shown on the required development applications such as a site plan, building permit, or grading permit application.

a. Location: Fencing shall extend at least one foot (1') in distance from the edge of the drip line of a specimen tree or group of specimen trees or as directed by the city forester to best protect a specimen tree's critical root zone and still allow construction access.

b. Type Of Fencing: The developer shall erect a chainlink fence, a minimum of four feet (4') in height, secured to metal posts driven into the ground. Such fencing shall be secured to withstand construction activity and weather on the site and shall be maintained in a functional condition for the duration of work on the property. This is not considered permanent fencing subject to section 21A.40.120, "Regulation Of Fences, Walls And Hedges", of this title.

c. Timing: All required tree protection measures shall be installed, inspected and approved by the city forester prior to the commencement of any land disturbing activities.

3. Encroachments Into Tree Protection Zones And Root Zones: Encroachments into a tree protection zone or within the critical root zones of trees protected in accordance with this subsection shall occur only in rare instances, and only upon obtaining written authorization from the city forester. If such encroachment is anticipated, tree preservation measures including, but not limited to, the following may be required:

a. Tree Crown And/Or Root Pruning: The pruning, or cutting, of specimen tree branches or roots shall only be done under the supervision of an ISA certified arborist, and only upon approval of the city forester.

b. Soil Compaction Impact Mitigation: Where compaction might occur due to planned, temporary traffic through or materials placed within the protection zone, the area shall first be mulched with a minimum four inch (4") layer of woodchips or a six inch (6") layer of pine straw. Plywood sheet or metal plate coverage of the impacted area may be accepted by the city forester when high moisture conditions warrant. Equipment or materials storage shall not be allowed within the tree protection zone.

c. Grade Change Impact Mitigation: In the event proposed site development requires soil elevation changes tree protection measures designed to mitigate harm to the tree(s) shall be coordinated with the city forester and the zoning administrator.

d. Construction Debris/Effluent Strictly Prohibited: In no instance shall any debris or effluent, associated with the construction process, including equipment or vehicle washing, concrete mixing, pouring, or rinsing processes, be permitted to drain onto lands within tree protection zones, as delineated by the chainlink tree protection fencing.


G. Enforcement: These tree preservation provisions shall be subject to the zoning and development enforcement codes as adopted by the city. (Ord. 16-16, 2016)

http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&chapter_id=49085#s1122178
21A.48.140: CHANGES TO APPROVED LANDSCAPE PLANS: linklink

Any change or deviation to an approved landscape plan shall require the approval of the zoning administrator. Changes which do not conform to this chapter shall be subject to the procedures for a variance as established in chapter 21A.18 of this title. Landscape improvements made to a lot that are not in conformance with an approved landscape plan shall be a violation of this title, and subject to the fines and penalties established herein. (Ord. 88-95 § 1 (Exh. A), 1995: Ord. 26-95 § 2(24-14), 1995)
http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&chapter_id=49085#s1122179
21A.48.150: AUTOMOBILE SALES ESTABLISHMENTS: linklink

In the absence of more restrictive regulations of the applicable zoning district, automobile sales and lease establishments shall be required to provide a five foot (5') landscape front and corner side yard. (Ord. 35-99 § 89, 1999: Ord. 88-95 § 1 (Exh. A), 1995: Ord. 26-95 § 2(24-15), 1995)
http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&chapter_id=49085#s1122180
21A.48.160: APPEAL: linklink

Any person adversely affected by a final decision of the zoning administrator on a landscaping or buffer requirement may appeal to the appeals hearing officer in accordance with the provisions of chapter 21A.16 of this title. (Ord. 8-12, 2012)
http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&chapter_id=49085#s1122181
21A.48.170: LANDSCAPING PROVIDED AS A CONDITION OF BUILDING PERMIT ISSUANCE: linklink

The landscaping required by this chapter shall be provided as a condition of building permit issuance for any addition, expansion or intensification of a property that increases the floor area and/or parking requirement by fifty percent (50%) or more. The zoning administrator may waive the landscaping requirement if an existing building is located in an area of the lot that is required to be landscaped and compliance with the landscaping requirements of this chapter necessitates removing all or a portion of an existing building. (Ord. 13-04 § 31, 2004: Ord. 35-99 § 90, 1999: Ord. 88-95 § 1 (Exh. A), 1995: Ord. 26-95 § 2(24-17), 1995)
http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&chapter_id=49085#s1122182