Chapter 8
RECORDS ACCESS AND MANAGEMENTlinklink

http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&chapter_id=19925
1-8-1: TITLE:
1-8-2: PURPOSE; INTENT:
1-8-3: DEFINITIONS:
1-8-4: RIGHT OF PUBLIC ACCESS:
1-8-5: ACCESS TO NONPUBLIC RECORDS:
1-8-6: FEES:
1-8-7: RETENTION OF RECORDS:
1-8-8: ACCESS REQUESTS; PROCEDURE:
1-8-9: CLASSIFICATION; DESIGNATION:
1-8-10: PUBLIC RECORDS:
1-8-11: PRIVATE RECORDS:
1-8-12: CONTROLLED RECORDS:
1-8-13: PROTECTED RECORDS:
1-8-14: SEGREGATION OF RECORDS:
1-8-15: DATA MAINTAINED ON INDIVIDUALS; RIGHTS:
1-8-16: AMENDMENTS AND CHANGES TO RECORDS; REQUEST:
1-8-17: DENIAL OF REQUEST:
1-8-18: APPEAL PROCEDURE:
1-8-19: CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT; NO APPLICABLE EXEMPTION:
1-8-20: JUDICIAL REVIEW:
1-8-21: CRIMINAL PENALTIES:

1-8-1: TITLE:linklink


This chapter is known as the ELK RIDGE CITY GOVERNMENT RECORDS ACCESS AND MANAGEMENT ACT. (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992)
http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&section_id=170747
1-8-2: PURPOSE; INTENT:linklink


A. Purpose: In enacting this chapter, the city recognizes two (2) fundamental constitutional rights:

1. The right of privacy in relation to personal data gathered by the city; and

2. The public's right of access to information concerning the conduct of the public's business.


B. Intent: It is the intent of the city to:

1. Establish fair information practices to prevent abuse of personal information by the city while protecting the public's right of easy and reasonable access to unrestricted public records;

2. Provide guidelines of openness to government informationand privacy of personal information consistent with nationwide standards;

3. Establish and maintain an active, continuing program for the economical and efficient management of the city's records, as provided in this chapter. (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992)

http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&section_id=170748
1-8-3: DEFINITIONS:linklink

As used in this chapter, the following words and terms shall have the meanings ascribed to them in this section:

AUDIT: A. A systematic examination of financial, management, program and related records for the purpose of determining the fair presentation of financial statements, adequacy of internal controls or compliance with laws and regulations; or


B. A systematic examination of program procedures and operations for the purpose of determining their effectiveness, economy, efficiency and compliance with statutes and regulations.

CHRONOLOGICAL LOGS: The regular and customary summary records of law enforcement agencies and other public safety agencies that show the time and general nature of police, fire and paramedic calls made to the agency and any arrests or jail bookings made by the agency.

CLASSIFICATION, CLASSIFY (And Their Derivative Forms): Determining whether a record series, record or information within a record is public, private, controlled or protected, or exempt from disclosure under Utah Code Annotated section 63-2-201(3)(b).

COMPUTER PROGRAM: A series of instructions or statements that permit the functioning of a computer system in a manner designed to provide storage, retrieval and manipulation of data from the computer system, and any associated documentation and source material that explain how to operate the computer program. Computer program does not mean:


A. The original data, including numbers, text, voice, graphics and images;


B. Analysis, compilation and other manipulated forms of the original data produced by use of the program; or


C. The mathematical or statistical formulas (excluding the underlying mathematical algorithms contained in the program) that couldbe used if the manipulated forms of the original data were to be produced manually.

CONTRACTOR: Any person who contracts with the city to provide goods or services directly to the city or any private, nonprofit organization that receives funds from the city. Contractor does not mean a private provider.

CONTROLLED RECORD: A record containing data on individuals that is controlled as provided by section 1-8-12 of this chapter.

DESIGNATION, DESIGNATE (And Their Derivative Forms): Indicating, based on the city's familiarity with a record series or based on the city's review of a reasonable sample of a record series, the primary classification that a majority of records in a record series would be given if classified and the classification that other records typically present in the record series would be given if classified.

GROSS COMPENSATION: Every form of remuneration payable for a given period to an individual for services provided, including salaries, commissions, vacation pay, severance pay, bonuses, and any board, rent, housing, lodging, payments in kind, and any similar benefit received from the individual's employer.

INDIVIDUAL: A human being.

INITIAL CONTACT REPORT: A. An initial written or recorded report, however titled, prepared by peace officers engaged in public patrol or response duties describing official actions initially taken in response to either a public complaint about or the discovery of an apparent violation of law, which report may describe:

1. The date, time, location and nature of the complaint, the incident or offense;

2. Names of victims;

3. The nature or general scope of the agency's initial actions taken in response to the incident;

4. The general nature of any injuries or estimate of damages sustained in the incident;

5. The name, address and other identifying information about any person arrested or charged in connection with the incident;

6. The identity of the public safety personnel (except undercover personnel) or prosecuting attorney involved in responding to the initial incident.


B. Initial contact reports do not include follow up or investigative reports prepared after the initial contact report. However, if the information specified in subsection A of this definition appears in follow up or investigative reports, it may only be treated confidentially if it is private, controlled, protected or exempt from disclosure under Utah Code Annotated section 63-3-201(3)(b).

PERSON: Any individual, nonprofit or profit corporation, partnership, sole proprietorship or other type of business organization.

PRIVATE PROVIDER: Any person who contracts with the city to provide services directly to the public.

PRIVATE RECORD: A record containing data on individuals that is classified private as provided by section 1-8-11 of this chapter.

PROTECTED RECORD: A record that is classified protected as provided by section 1-8-13 of this chapter.

PUBLIC RECORD: A record that has not been appropriately classified private, controlled or protected as provided in sections 1-8-11 through 1-8-13 of this chapter.

RECORD: A. All books, letters, documents, papers, maps, plans, photographs, films, cards, tapes, recording or other documentary materials and electronic data, regardless of physical form or characteristics, prepared, owned, used, received or retained by the city.


B. Record does not mean:

1. Temporary drafts or similar materials prepared for the originator's personal use or prepared by the originator for the personal use of an individual for whom he is working;

2. Materials that are legally owned by an individual in his private capacity;

3. Materials to which access is limited by the laws of copyright or patent, unless the copyright or patent is owned by the city;

4. Proprietary software;

5. Junk mail or commercial publications received by the city or an official or employee of the city;

6. Books and other materials that arecataloged or inventoried and contained in the collections of libraries open to the public, regardless of physical form or characteristics of the material;

7. Daily calendars and other personal notes prepared by the originator for the originator's personal use or for the personal use of an individual for whom he is working;

8. "Computer programs", as defined herein, that are developed or purchased by or for the city for its own use;

9. Notes or internal memoranda prepared as part of the deliberative process by a member of the judiciary, an administrative law judge, a member of the board of pardons or a member of any other body charged by law with performing a quasi-judicial function.

RECORD SERIES: A group of records that may be treated as a unit for purposes of designation, description, management or disposition.

RECORDS OFFICER: The city recorder and other individuals as appointed by the mayor to work in the care, maintenance, scheduling, designation, classification, disposal and preservation of records.

SUMMARY DATA: Statistical records and compilations that contain data derived from private, controlled or protected information, but that do not disclose private, controlled or protected information. (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992; amd. 2003 Code)

http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&section_id=170749
1-8-4: RIGHT OF PUBLIC ACCESS:linklink


A. Authority: Every person has the right to inspect a public record free of charge and the right to take a copy of a public record during normal working hours, subject to the payment of costs and fees pursuant to section 1-8-6 of this chapter.


B. Public Records: All records are public unless otherwise expressly provided by this chapter or state or federal law or regulation.


C. Nonpublic: The following records are not public:

1. Records that are appropriately classified private, controlled or protected as allowed by sections 1-8-11 through 1-8-13 of this chapter; and

2. Records to which access is restricted pursuant to courtrule, another state statute, federal statute or federal regulation, including records for which access is governed or restricted as a condition of participation in a state or federal program or for receiving state or federal funds.


D. Private, Controlled Or Protected: Only those records specified in sections 1-8-11 through 1-8-13 of this chapter may be classified private, controlled or protected.


E. Disclosure:

1. The city may not disclose a record that is private, controlled or protected to any person except as provided in subsection E2 of this section or section 1-8-5 of this chapter.

2. The city may, at its discretion, disclose records that are private under subsection 1-8-11B or protected under section 1-8-13 of this chapter to persons other than those specified in this subsection if the city council, or a designee, determines that there is no interest in restricting access to the record, or that the interest favoring access outweighs the interest favoring restriction of access.


F. Limited Access:

1. The disclosure of records to which access is governed or limited pursuant to court rule, another state statute, federal statute or federal regulation, including records for which access is governed or limited as a condition of participation in a state or federal program, or for receiving state or federal funds, is governed by the specific provisions of that statute, rule or regulation.

2. This subsection applies to records described in subsection F1 of this section insofar as this chapter is not inconsistent with the statute, rule or regulation.


G. Certified Copies: The city shall provide a person with a certified copy of a record if the person:

1. Requesting the record has a right to inspect it;

2. Identifies the record with reasonable specificity; and

3. Pays the lawful fees.


H. Creating Records; Duplicating Requests:

1. The city is not required to create a record in response to a request.

2. Nothing in this chapter requires the city to fulfill a person's records request if the request unreasonably duplicates prior records requests from that person.


I. Numerous Pages: If a person requests copies of more than fifty (50) pages of records, and if the records are contained in files that do not contain records that are exempt from disclosure, the city may: (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992)

1. Provide the requester with the facilities for copying the requested records and require that the requester personally make the copies; or (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992; amd. 2003 Code)

2. Allow the requester to provide his own copying facilities and personnel to make the copies at the city offices, and waive the fees for copying the records.


J. Intellectual Property Right:

1. If the city owns an intellectual property right and offers the intellectual property right for sale or license, the city may control by ordinance or policy the duplication and distribution of the material based on terms the city considers to be in the public interest.

2. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to limit or impair the rights or protections granted to the city under federal copyright or patent law as a result of its ownership of the intellectual property right.


K. Form Of Record Not Used For Denial: The city may not use the physical form, electronic or otherwise, in which a record is stored to deny, or unreasonably hinder the rights of persons to inspect and receive copies of a record under this chapter. (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992)

http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&section_id=170750
1-8-5: ACCESS TO NONPUBLIC RECORDS:linklink


A. Private Record: Upon request, the city shall disclose a private record to:

1. The subject of the record;

2. The parent or legal guardian of an unemancipated minor who is the subject of the record;

3. The legal guardian of a legally incapacitated individual who is the subject of the record;

4. Any other individual who:

a. Has a power of attorney from subject of the record; or

b. Submits a notarized release from the subject of the record or his legal representative dated no later than ninety (90)days before the date the request is made; or

5. Any person to whom the record must be provided pursuant to court order.


B. Controlled Record:

1. Upon request, the city shall disclose a controlled record to:

a. A physician, psychologist or certified social worker upon submission of a notarized release from the subject of the record that is dated no more than ninety (90) days prior to the date the request is made and a signed acknowledgement of the terms of disclosure of controlled information as provided by subsection B2 of this section; and

b. Any person to whom a record must be disclosed pursuant to court order.

2. A person who receives a record from the city in accordance with subsection B1a of this section may not disclose controlled information from that record to any person, including the subject of the record.


C. Segregation: If there is more than one subject of a private or controlled record, the portion of the record that pertains to another subject shall be segregated from the portion that the requester is entitled to inspect.


D. Protected Record: Upon request, the city shall disclose a protected record to:

1. The person who submitted the information in the record;

2. Any other individual who:

a. Has a power of attorney from all persons, governmental entities or political subdivisions whose interests were sought to be protected by the protected classification; or

b. Submits a notarized release from their legal representatives dated no more than ninety (90) days prior to the date the request is made;

3. Any person to whom a record must be provided pursuant to a court order.


E. Governmental Entities: The city may disclose a record classified private, controlled or protected to another governmental entity, city, another state, the United States or a foreign government only as provided by Utah Code Annotated section 63-2-206.


F. Identification: Before releasing a private, controlled orprotected record, the city shall obtain evidence of the requester's identity.


G. Court Order: The city shall disclose a record pursuant to the terms of a court order signed by a judge from a court of competent jurisdiction; provided, that:

1. The record deals with a matter in controversy over which the court has jurisdiction;

2. The court has considered the merits of the request for access to the record;

3. The court has considered and, where appropriate, limited the requester's use and further disclosure of the record in order to protect privacy interests in the case of private, controlled records, business confidentiality interests in the case of records protected under Utah Code Annotated sections 63-2-304(1) and (2), and privacy interests or the public interest in the case of other protected records;

4. To the extent the record is properly classified private, controlled or protected, the interests favoring access, considering limitations thereon, outweigh the interests favoring restriction of access; and

5. Where access is restricted by a rule, statute or regulation referred to in subsection 1-8-4C2 of this chapter, the court has authority independent of this chapter to order disclosure.


H. Research:

1. The city may disclose or authorize disclosure of private or controlled records for research purposes if the city:

a. Determines that the research purpose cannot reasonably be accomplished without use of disclosure of the information to the researcher in individually identifiable form;

b. Determines that the proposed research is bona fide and that the value of the research outweighs the infringement upon personal privacy;

c. Requires the researcher to assure the integrity, confidentiality and security of the records and requires the removal or destruction of the individual identifiers associated with the records as soon as the purpose of the research project has been accomplished;

d. Prohibits the researcher from disclosing the record in individually identifiable form except as provided in subsection H2 of this section, or from using the record for purposes other then the research approved by the city; and

e. Secures from the researcher a written statement of hisunderstanding of and agreement to the conditions of this subsection and his understanding that violation of the terms of this subsection may subject him to criminal prosecution under Utah Code Annotated section 63-2-801.

2. A researcher may disclose a record in individually identifiable form if the record is disclosed for the purpose of auditing or evaluating the research program and no subsequent use or disclosure of the record in individuality identifiable form will be made by the auditor or evaluator, except as provided by this subsection.

3. The city may require indemnification as a condition of permitting research under this subsection.


I. Other Than Specified Persons:

1. Under subsections 1-8-4E2 and 1-8-18D of this chapter, the city may disclose records that are private under section 1-8-11B or protected under section 1-8-13 to persons other than those specified in this section.

2. Under section 1-8-18 of this chapter, the city council may require the disclosure of records that are private under section 1-8-11, controlled under section 1-8-12 or protected under section 1-8-13 of this chapter to persons other than those specified in this section.

3. Under Utah Code Annotated section 63-2-404(8), the court may require the disclosure of records that are private under section 1-8-11, controlled under section 1-8-12 or protected under section 1-8-13 of this chapter to persons other than those specified in this section. (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992)

http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&section_id=170751
1-8-6: FEES:linklink


A. Authority: The city may charge a reasonable fee to cover the city's actual cost of duplicating a record or compiling a record in a form other than that maintained by the city. The fees may be set by resolution. The initial fee, until changed by resolution, is as set forth in exhibit A, which is attached to the ordinance codified herein and on file in the city office. (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992; amd. 2003 Code)


B. Exceptions:

1. The city may fulfill a record request without charge when it determines that:

a. Releasing the record primarily benefits the public rather than a person;

b. The individual requesting the record is the subject of the record; or

c. The requester's legal rights are directly implicated by the information in the record, and the requester is impecunious.

2. The city may not charge a fee for:

a. Reviewing a record to determine whether it is subject to disclosure; or

b. Inspecting a record. (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992)

http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&section_id=170752
1-8-7: RETENTION OF RECORDS:linklink

The city shall by resolution establish a retention schedule for each record series. The initial retention schedule shall be as set forth in exhibit B, which is attached to the ordinance codified herein and on file in the city office. (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992; amd. 2003 Code)
http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&section_id=170753
1-8-8: ACCESS REQUESTS; PROCEDURE:linklink


A. Request: A person making a request for a record shall furnish the city with a written request containing his name, mailing address, daytime telephone number if available, and a description of the records requested that identifies the record with reasonable specificity.


B. Response Of City: As soon as reasonably possible, but no later than ten (10) business days after receiving written request, or five (5) business days after receiving a written request if the requester demonstrates that expedited response to the record request benefits the public rather than the person, the city shall respond to the request by:

1. Approving the request and providing the record;

2. Denying the request;

3. Notifying the requester that it does not maintain the record and providing, if known, the name and address of where the record can be found; or

4. Notifying the requester that because of one of the extraordinary circumstances listed in subsection D of this section, it cannot immediately approve or deny the request. The notice shall describe the circumstances relied upon and specify the earliest time and date when the records will be available.


C. Publication Or Broadcast: Any person who requests a record to obtain information for a story or report for publication or broadcast to the general public is presumed to be acting to benefit the public rather than a person.


D. Extraordinary Circumstances: The following circumstances constitute "extraordinary circumstances" that allow the city to delay approval or denial by an additional period of time as specified in subsection E of this section if the city determines that due to the extraordinary circumstances, it cannot respond within the time limits provided in subsection B of this section:

1. Another governmental entity is using the record, in which case the city shall promptly request that the governmental entity currently in possession return the record;

2. Another governmental entity is using the record as part of an audit and returning the record before the completion of the audit would impair the conduct of the audit;

3. The request is for a voluminous quantity of records;

4. The city is currently processing a large number of records requests;

5. The request requires the city to review a large number of records to locate the records requested;

6. The decision to release a record involves legal issues that require the city to seek legal counsel for the analysis of statutes, rules, ordinances, regulations or case law;

7. Segregating information that the requester is entitled to inspect from information that the requester is not entitled to inspect requires extensive editing; or

8. Segregating information that the requester is entitled to inspect from information that the requester is not entitled to inspect requires computer programming.


E. Time Limits For Extraordinary Circumstances: If one of the extraordinary circumstances listed in subsection D of this section precludes approval or denial within the time specified in subsection B of this section, the following time limits apply to the extraordinary circumstances:

1. For claims under subsection D1 of this section, the governmental entity currently in possession of the record shall return the record to the originating entity within five (5) business days of the request for the return unless returning the record would impair the holder's work.

2. For claims under subsection D2 of this section, the originating city shall notify the requester where the recordis available for inspection and copying;

3. For claims under subsections D3 through D5 of this section, the city shall:

a. Disclose the records that it has located which the requester is entitled to inspect;

b. Provide the requester with an estimate of the amount of time it will take to finish the work required to respond to the request; and

c. Complete the work and disclose those records that requester is entitled to inspect as soon as reasonably possible.

4. For delays under subsection D6 of this section, the city shall either approve or deny the request within five (5) business days after the response time specified for the original request has expired;

5. For delays under subsection D7 of this section, the city shall fulfill the request within fifteen (15) business days from the date of the original request; or

6. For delays under subsection D8 of this section, the city shall complete its programming and disclose the requested records as soon as reasonably possible.


F. Failure To Provide: If the city fails to provide the requested records or issue a denial within the specified time period, that failure is considered the equivalent of a determination denying access to the records. (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992)

http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&section_id=170754
1-8-9: CLASSIFICATION; DESIGNATION:linklink


A. Designation: The city shall:

1. Evaluate all record series that it uses or creates;

2. Designate those record series as provided by this chapter;

3. Report the designation of its record series to the state archives.


B. Classification: The city may classify a particular record, record series or information within a record at any time, but is not required to classify a particular record, record series or information until access of the record is requested.


C. Redesignation: The city may redesignate a record series or reclassify a record or record series, or information within a record at any time. (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992)

http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&section_id=170755
1-8-10: PUBLIC RECORDS:linklink


A. Specified: The following records are public:

1. Laws and ordinances;

2. Names, gender, gross compensation, job titles, job descriptions, business addresses, business telephone numbers, number of hours worked per pay period, dates of employment, and relevant education, previous employment, and similar job qualifications of the city's former and present employees and officers, excluding undercover law enforcement personnel or investigative personnel if disclosure could reasonably be expected to impair the effectiveness of investigations or endanger any individual's safety;

3. Final opinions, including concurring and dissenting opinions, and orders that are made by the city in an administrative, adjudicative or judicial proceedings, except that if the proceedings were properly closed to the public, the opinion and order may be withheld to the extent that they contain information that is private, protected or controlled;

4. Final interpretation of statutes or rules by the city unless classified as protected as provided in subsections 1-8-13O through Q of this chapter;

5. Information contained in or compiled from a transcript, minutes or report of the open portion of a meeting of the city, including the records of all votes of each member of the city council;

6. Judicial records, unless a court orders the records to be restricted under the rules of civil or criminal procedure or unless the records are private under this chapter;

7. Records filed with or maintained by county recorders, clerks, treasurer, surveyors, zoning commissions or the division of state lands and forestry, the division of oil, gas and mining, the division of water rights, or other governmental entities that give public notice of:

a. Titles or encumbrances to real property;

b. Restrictions on the use of real property;

c. The capacity of persons to take or convey title to real property; or

d. Tax status for real and personal property.

8. Records of the department of commerce that evidence incorporations, mergers, name changes and uniform commercial code filings;

9. Data on individuals that would otherwise be private under this chapter if the individual who is the subject of the record has given the city written permission to make the records available to the public;

10. Documentation of the compensation that the city pays to a contractor or private provider; and

11. Summary data.


B. Restricted Access; Conditions: The following records are normally public, but to the extent that a record is expressly exempt from disclosure, access may be restricted under subsection 1-8-4C2 or sections 1-8-11 through 1-8-13 of this chapter:

1. Administrative staff manuals, instructions to staff and statements of policy;

2. Records documenting a contractor's or private provider's compliance with the terms of a contract with the city;

3. Records documenting the services provided by a contractor or private provider to the extent the records would be public if prepared by the city;

4. Contracts entered into by the city;

5. Any account, voucher or contract that deals with the receipt or expenditure of funds by the city;

6. Records relating to governmental assistance or incentives publicly disclosed, contracted for or given by the city encouraging a person to expand or relocate a business in Utah, except as provided in Utah Code Annotated section 63-2-304(34);

7. Chronological logs and initial contact reports;

8. Correspondence by and with the city in which the city determines or states an opinion upon the rights of the state, political subdivision, the public or any person;

9. Empirical data contained in drafts if:

a. The empirical data is not reasonably available to the requester elsewhere in similar form; and

b. The city is given a reasonable opportunity to correct any errors or make nonsubstantive changes before release.

10. Drafts that are circulated to anyone other than the city, state or federal agency if the city, state or federal agency is jointly responsible for implementation of a program or project that has been legislatively approved;

11. Drafts that have never been finalized but were relied upon by the city in carrying out action or policy;

12. Original data in a computer program if the city chooses not to disclose the program;

13. Arrest warrants after issuance, except that for good cause, a court may order restricted access to arrest warrants prior to service;

14. Search warrants after execution and filing of the return, except that a court, for good cause, may order restricted access to search warrants prior to trial;

15. Records that would disclose information relating to formal charges or disciplinary actions against a past or present city employee if:

a. The disciplinary action has been completed and all time periods for administrative appeal have expired; and

b. The formal charges were sustained.

16. Records maintained by the division of state lands and forestry or the division of oil, gas and mining that evidence mineral production on government lands;

17. Final audit reports;

18. Occupational and professional licenses;

19. Business licenses; and

20. A notice of violation, a notice of agency action under Utah Code Annotated section 63-46b-3, or similar records used to initiate proceedings for discipline or sanctions against persons regulated by the city, but not including records that initiate employee discipline.


C. List Not Exhaustive: The list of public records in this section is not exhaustive and should not be used to limit access to records. (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992)

http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&section_id=170756
1-8-11: PRIVATE RECORDS:linklink


A. Specified: The following records are private:

1. Records concerning an individual's eligibility for unemployment insurance benefits, social services, welfare benefits or the determination of benefit levels;

2. Records containing data on individuals describing medical history, diagnosis, condition, treatment, evaluation orsimilar medical data;

3. Records of publicly funded libraries that, when examined alone or with other records, identify a patron;

4. Records received or generated in a senate or house ethics committee concerning any alleged violation of the rules on legislative ethics if the ethics committee meeting was closed to the public; and

5. Records concerning a current or former employee of, or applicant for employment with, the city that would disclose the individual's home address, home telephone number, social security number, insurance coverage, marital status or payroll deductions.


B. Properly Classified: The following records are private if properly classified by the city:

1. Records concerning a current or former employee of, or applicant for employment with, the city including performance evaluations and personal status information such as race, religion or disabilities, but not including records that are public under subsections 1-8-10A2 and 1-8-10B15 of this chapter or private under subsection A5 of this section.

2. Records describing an individual's finances, except that the following are public:

a. Records described in subsection 1-8-10A of this chapter;

b. Information provided to the city for the purpose of complying with a financial assurance requirement; or

c. Records that must be disclosed in accordance with another statute.

3. Records of independent state agencies if the disclosure of the records would conflict with fiduciary obligations of the agency;

4. Other records containing data on individuals, the disclosure of which constitutes a clearly unwarranted invasion of personal privacy;

5. Records provided by the United States or by a governmental entity outside the state that are given with the requirement that the records be managed as private records, if the providing entity states in writing that the record would not be subject to public disclosure if retained by it. (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992)

http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&section_id=170757
1-8-12: CONTROLLED RECORDS:linklink

A record is controlled only if:


A. The record contains medical, psychiatric or psychological data about an individual;


B. The city reasonably believes that:

1. Releasing the information in the record to the subject of the record would be detrimental to the subject's mental health or to the safety of any individual; or

2. Releasing the information would constitute a violation of normal professional practice and medical ethics; and

3. The city has properly classified the record. (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992)

http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&section_id=170758
1-8-13: PROTECTED RECORDS:linklink

The following records are protected if properly classified by the city:


A. Trade secrets as defined in Utah Code Annotated section 13-24-2, if the person submitting the trade secret has provided the city with the information specified in Utah Code Annotated section 63-2-308;


B. Commercial information or nonindividual financial information obtained from a person if:

1. Disclosure of the information could reasonably be expected to result in unfair competitive injury to the person submitting the information or would impair the ability of the city to obtain necessary information in the future;

2. The person submitting the information has a greater interest in prohibiting access than the public in obtaining access; and

3. The person submitting the information has provided the city with the information specified in Utah Code Annotated section 63-2-308.


C. Commercial or financial information acquired or prepared by the city to the extent that a disclosure would lead to financial speculations in currencies, securities or commodities that will interfere with a planned transaction by the city or cause substantial financial injury to the city or cause substantial financial injury to the city or state economy;


D. Test questions and answers to be used in future license, certification, employment or academic examination;


E. Records, the disclosure of which would impair governmental procurement or give an unfair advantage to any person proposing to enter into a contract or agreement with the city, except that this subsection does not restrict the right of a person to see bids submitted to or by the city after bidding has closed;


F. Records that would identify real property or the appraisal or estimated value of real or personal property, including intellectual property, under consideration for public acquisition before any rights to the property are acquired unless:

1. Public interest in obtaining access to the information outweighs the city's need to acquire the property on the best terms possible;

2. The information has already been disclosed to persons not employed by or under a duty of confidentiality to the entity;

3. In the case of records that would identify property, potential sellers of the property described have already learned of the city's plans to acquire the property;

4. In the case of records that would identify the appraised or estimated value of property, the potential sellers have already learned of the city's estimated value of the property.


G. Records prepared in contemplation of sale, exchange, lease, rental or other compensated transaction of real or personal property, including intellectual property which, if disclosed prior to completion of the transaction, would reveal the appraisal or estimated value of the subject property, unless:

1. The public interest in access outweighs the interests in restricting access, including the city's interest in maximizing the financial benefit of the transaction; or

2. When prepared by or on behalf of the city, appraisals or estimates of the value of the subject property have already been disclosed to persons not employed by or under a duty of confidentiality to the city.


H. Records created or maintained for civil, criminal or administrative enforcement purposes or audit purposes, or for discipline, licensing, certification or registration purposes if release of the records:

1. Reasonably could be expected to interfere with investigations undertaken for enforcement, discipline, licensing, certification or registration purposes;

2. Reasonably could be expected to interfere with audits, disciplinary or enforcement proceedings;

3. Would create a danger of depriving a person of a right to a fair trial or impartial hearing;

4. Reasonably could be expected to disclose the identity of a source who is not generally known outside of government and, in the case of a record compiled in the course of an investigation, disclose information furnished by a source not generally known outside of government if disclosure would compromise the source; or

5. Reasonably could be expected to disclose investigative or audit techniques, procedures, policies or orders not generally known outside of government if disclosure would interfere with enforcement or audit efforts.


I. Records, the disclosure of which would jeopardize the life or safety of an individual;


J. Records, the disclosure of which would jeopardize the security of governmental property, governmental programs or governmental record keeping systems from damage, theft or other appropriation or use contrary to law or public policy;


K. Records that, if disclosed, would jeopardize the security or safety of a correctional facility, or records relating to incarceration, treatment, probation or parole, that would interfere with the control and supervision of an offender's incarceration, treatment, probation or parole;


L. Records that, if disclosed, would reveal recommendations made to the board of pardons by an employee of or contractor for the department of corrections, the board of pardons or the department of human services that are based on the employee's or contractor's supervision, diagnosis or treatment of any person within the board's jurisdiction;


M. Records and audit work papers that identify audit, collection and operational procedures and methods used by the Utah state tax commission if disclosure would interfere with audits or collections;


N. Records of a governmental audit agency relating to an ongoing or planned audit until the final audit is released;


O. Records prepared by or on behalf of the city solely in anticipation of litigation that are not available under the rules of discovery;


P. Records disclosing an attorney's work product, including the mental impressions or legal theories of an attorney or other representative of the city concerning litigation;


Q. Records of communications between the city and an attorney representing, retained or employed by the city if the communications would be privileged as provided in Utah CodeAnnotated section 78-24-8;


R. Drafts, unless otherwise classified as public;


S. Records concerning the city's strategy about collective bargaining or pending litigation;


T. Records of investigations of loss occurrences and analyses of loss occurrences;


U. Records, other than personnel evaluations, that contain a personal recommendation concerning an individual if disclosure would constitute a clearly unwarranted invasion of personal privacy, or disclosure is not in the public interest;


V. Records that reveal the location of historic, prehistoric, paleontological or biological resources that if known would jeopardize the security of those resources or of valuable historic, scientific, educational or cultural information;


W. Records of independent state agencies if the disclosure of the records would conflict with the fiduciary obligations of the agency;


X. Records provided by the United States or by a government entity outside the state that are given to the city with a requirement that they be managed as protected records if the providing entity certifies that the record would not be subject to public disclosure if retained by it;


Y. Transcripts, minutes or reports of the closed portion of a meeting of a public body, except as provided in Utah Code Annotated section 52-4-7, open and public meetings act;


Z. Records that would reveal the contents of settlement negotiations, but not including final settlements or empirical data to the extent that they are not otherwise exempt from disclosure;

AA. Memoranda prepared by staff and used in the decision making process by an administrative law judge, a member of the board of pardons or a member of any other body charged by law with performing a quasi-judicial function;

BB. Records that would reveal negotiations regarding assistance or incentives offered by or requested from the city for the purpose of encouraging a person to expand or locate a business in Utah, but only if disclosure would result in actual economic harm to the person or place the city at a competitive disadvantage, but this subsection may not be used to restrict access to a record evidencing a final contract; and

CC. Materials to which access must be limited for purposes of securing or maintaining the city's proprietary protection ofintellectual property rights including patents, copyrights and trade secrets. (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992)

http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&section_id=170759
1-8-14: SEGREGATION OF RECORDS:linklink

Notwithstanding any other provision in this chapter, if the city receives a request for access to a record that contains both information that the requester is entitled to inspect and information that the requester is not entitled to inspect under this chapter, and, if the information the requester is entitled to inspect is intelligible, the city:


A. Allow Access: Shall allow access to information in the record that the requester is entitled to inspect under this chapter; and


B. Deny Access: May deny access to information in the record if the information is exempt from disclosure to the requester, issuing a notice of denial. (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992)

http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&section_id=170760
1-8-15: DATA MAINTAINED ON INDIVIDUALS; RIGHTS:linklink


A. File With State Archivist:

1. The city shall file with the state archivist a statement explaining the purposes for which record series designated private or controlled are collected and used by the city.

2. That statement is a public record.


B. Explanation To Individual: Upon request, the city shall explain to an individual:

1. The reasons the individual is asked to furnish to the city information that could be classified private or controlled;

2. The intended uses of the information; and

3. The consequences for refusing to provide the information.


C. Uses: The city may not use private or controlled records for purposes other than those given in the statement filed with the state archivist under subsection A of this section or for purposes other than those for which another governmental entity could use the record under Utah Code Annotated section 63-2-206. (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992)

http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&section_id=170761
1-8-16: AMENDMENTS AND CHANGES TO RECORDS; REQUEST:linklink


A. Request; Information:

1. Subject to subsection G of this section, an individual may contest the accuracy or completeness of any public, private or protected record concerning him by requesting the city to amend the record. However, this section does not affect the right of access to private or protected records.

2. The request shall contain the following information:

a. The requester's name, mailing address and daytime telephone number; and

b. A brief statement explaining why the city should amend the record.


B. Order; Time Limit: The city shall issue an order either approving or denying the request to amend no later than thirty (30) days after receipt of the request.


C. Approval: If the city approves the request, it shall correct all of its records that contain the same incorrect information as soon as practical. The city may not disclose the record until it has amended it.


D. Denial: If the city denies the request, it shall:

1. Inform the requester in writing; and

2. Provide a brief statement giving its reasons for denying the request.


E. Statement Contesting Information:

1. If the city denies a request to amend a record, the requester may submit a written statement contesting the information in the record.

2. The city shall:

a. File the requester's statement with the disputed record if the record is in a form such that the statement can accompany the record or make the statement accessible if the record is not in a form such that the statement can accompany the record; and

b. Disclose the requester's statement along with the information in the record whenever the city discloses the disputed information.


F. Appeal: The requester may appeal the denial of the request to amend a record pursuant to section 1-8-18 of this chapter.


G. Exception: This section does not apply to records relating to title to real or personal property, medical records,judicial case files or any other records that the city determines must be maintained in their original form to protect the public interest and to preserve the integrity of the record system. (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992)

http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&section_id=170762
1-8-17: DENIAL OF REQUEST:linklink


A. Notice: If the city denies the request in whole or part, it shall provide a notice of denial to the requester either in person or by sending the notice to requester's address.


B. Contents Of Notice: The notice of denial shall contain the following information:

1. A description of the record or portions of the record to which access was denied; provided, that the description does not disclose private, controlled or protected information or records to which access is restricted pursuant to court rule, another state statute, federal statute or federal regulation, including records for which access is governed or restricted as a condition of participation in a state or federal program or for receiving state or federal funds;

2. Citations to the provisions of this chapter, another state statute, federal statute, court rule or order or federal regulation that exempt the record or portions of the record from disclosure; provided, that the citations do not disclose private, controlled or protected information;

3. Statement that the requester has the right to appeal the denial to the city council; and

4. A brief summary of the appeals process and the time limits for filing an appeal.


C. Preservation Of Record: Unless otherwise required by a court or agency of competent jurisdiction, the city may not destroy or give up custody of any record to which access was denied until the period for an appeal has expired or the end of the appeals process, including judicial appeal. (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992)

http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&section_id=170763
1-8-18: APPEAL PROCEDURE:linklink


A. Aggrieved Party:

1. Any person aggrieved by the city's access determination under this chapter, including a person not a party to the city's proceeding, may appeal the determination first to the mayor and city council by filing a notice of appeal. (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992; amd. 2003 Code)

2. If the city claims extraordinary circumstances and specifies the date when the records will be available and, if the requester believes the extraordinary circumstances do not exist or that the time specified is unreasonable, the requester may appeal the city's claim of extraordinary circumstances or date for compliance within thirty (30) days after notification of a claim of extraordinary circumstances by the city, despite the lack of a "determination" or its equivalent.


B. Claims Of Business Confidentiality:

1. If the appeal involves a record that is the subject of a business confidentiality claim under Utah Code Annotated section 63-2-308 or this chapter, the city recorder shall:

a. Send notice of the requester's appeal to the business confidentiality claimant within three (3) business days after receiving notice, except that if notice under this section must be given to more than thirty five (35) persons, it shall be given as soon as reasonably possible;

b. Send notice of the business confidentiality claim and a schedule for the city recorder's determination to the requester within three (3) business days after receiving notice of the requester's appeal.

2. The claimant shall have seven (7) business days after notice is sent by the city recorder to submit further support for the claim of business confidentiality.


C. Determination By Mayor:

1. The mayor shall make a determination on any appeal within the following period of time:

a. Within five (5) business days after the mayor's receipt of the notice of appeal; or

b. Within twelve (12) business days after the city sends the requester's notice of appeal to a person who submitted a claim of business confidentiality.

2. If the mayor fails to make a determination within the time specified in subsection C1 of this section, the failure shall be considered the equivalent of an order denying the appeal.

3. The provisions of this section notwithstanding, the parties participating in the proceeding may, by agreement, extend the time periods specified in this section.


D. Order Of Disclosure: The mayor may, upon consideration and weighing of the various interests and public policies pertinent to the classification and disclosure or nondisclosure, order the disclosure of information properlyclassified as private under subsection 1-8-11B or protected under section 1-8-13 of this chapter if the interests favoring access outweigh the interests favoring restriction of access.


E. Notice Of Determination: The city shall send written notice of the determination of the mayor to all participants. If the mayor affirms the denial in whole or in part, the denial shall include a statement that the requester has the right to appeal the denial to the city council, and the time limits for filing an appeal.


F. Duties Of Mayor Delegated: The duties of the mayor under this section may be delegated.


G. City Council Appeal; Time Limit: The notice of appeal to the city council must be filed with the city recorder no later than thirty (30) days after the mayor has denied the appeal or fails to make a determination within the time specified in subsection C1 of this section.


H. Information Required: The notice of appeal shall contain the following information:

1. The petitioner's name, mailing address and daytime telephone number; and

2. The relief sought.


I. Statement Of Facts: The petitioner may file a short statement of facts, reasons and legal authority in support of the appeal.


J. Hearing: No later than three (3) days after receiving a notice of appeal, the city recorder shall:

1. Schedule a hearing for the city council to discuss the appeal, which shall be held no sooner than fifteen (15) days and no later than thirty (30) days from the date of the filing of the appeal;

2. At the hearing, the city council shall allow the parties to testify, present evidence and comment on the issues. The city council may allow other interested persons to comment on the issues. (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992)

3. No later than three (3) business days after the hearing, the city council shall issue a signed order either granting the petition in whole or in part or upholding the determination of the mayor in whole or in part. (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992; amd. 2003 Code)

4. The order of the city shall include:

a. A statement of reasons for the decision, including citations to this chapter or federal regulation that governs disclosure of the record; provided, that the citations do not disclose private, controlled or protected information;

b. A description of the record or portions of the record to which access was ordered or denied; provided, that the description does not disclose private, controlled or protected information;

c. A statement that any party to the appeal may appeal the city's decision to district court; and

d. A brief summary of the appeal, and a notice that in order to protect its rights on appeal, the party may wish to seek advice from an attorney.


K. Classification Or Designation Appeal: A person aggrieved by the city's classification or designation determination under this chapter, but who is not requesting access to the records, may appeal that determination using the procedures provided in this section. If a nonrequestor is the only appellant, the procedures provided in this section shall apply, except that the determination on the appeal shall be made within thirty (30) days after receiving the notice of appeal. (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992)

http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&section_id=170764
1-8-19: CONFIDENTIAL TREATMENT; NO APPLICABLE EXEMPTION:linklink


A. Court Order: A court may, on appeal or in a declaratory or other action, order the confidential treatment of records for which no exemption from disclosure applies if:

1. There are compelling interests favoring restriction of access to the record; and

2. The interests favoring restriction of access clearly outweigh the interests favoring access.


B. City Requests Restricted Access; Attorney Fees: If the city requests a court to restrict access to a record under this section, the court shall require the city to pay the reasonable attorney fees incurred by the lead party in opposing the city's request, if:

1. The court finds that no statutory or constitutional exemption from disclosure could reasonably apply to the record in question; and

2. The court denies confidential treatment under this section.


C. Exception: This section does not apply to records that are specifically required to be public under section 1-8-10 of this chapter or Utah Code Annotated section 63-2-301, exceptas provided in subsection D of this section.


D. Limited Access:

1. Access to drafts and empirical data in drafts may be limited under this section, but the court may consider, in its evaluation of interests favoring restriction of access, only those interests that relate to the underlying information, and not to the deliberative nature of the record.

2. Access to original data in a computer program may be limited under this section, but the court may consider, in its evaluation of interest favoring restriction of access, only those interests that relate to the underlying information, and not to the status of that data as part of a computer program. (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992)

http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&section_id=170765
1-8-20: JUDICIAL REVIEW:linklink

Any party to a proceeding before the city council may petition for judicial review by the district court of the city council's order. The petition shall be filed no later than thirty (30) days after the date of the city council's order. (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992)
http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&section_id=170766
1-8-21: CRIMINAL PENALTIES:linklink


A. Intentional Disclosure; Defenses To Prosecution:

1. A public employee or other person who has lawful access to any private, controlled or protected record under this chapter, and who intentionally discloses or provides a copy of a private, controlled or protected record to any person knowing that such disclosure is prohibited, is guilty of a class B misdemeanor and subject to penalty as provided in section 1-4-1 of this title.

2. It is a defense to prosecution under subsection A1 of this section that the actor released private, controlled or protected information in the reasonable belief that the disclosure of the information was necessary to expose a violation of law involving government corruption, abuse of office, or misappropriation of public funds or property.

3. It is a defense to prosecution under subsection A1 of this section that the record could have been released to the recipient if it had been properly classified.


B. False Pretenses, Bribery Or Theft:

1. A person who by false pretenses, bribery or theft, gains access to or obtains a copy of any private, controlled or protected record to which he is not legally entitled is guiltyof a class B misdemeanor and subject to penalty as provided in section 1-4-1 of this title.

2. No person shall be guilty under subsection B1 of this section who receives the record, information or copy after the fact and without prior knowledge of or participation in the false pretenses, bribery or theft.


C. Intentional Refusal To Release: A public employee who intentionally refuses to release a record, the disclosure of which the employee knows is required by law or by final unappealed order from the city, the mayor and city council, or a court, is guilty of a class B misdemeanor and subject to penalty as provided in section 1-4-1 of this title. (Ord. 92-8-11-9, 8-11-1992, eff. retroactive to 6-14-1992; amd. 2003 Code)

http://sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=&section_id=170767