ARTICLE D. SEWER REGULATIONS
Article B, this article and article E of this chapter
apply to all water and sewer facilities located within the city except as hereinafter provided. (Ord. 503, 4-21-1980, eff. 5-1-1980)
Unless the context specifically indicates otherwise, the meanings of the terms used in this article shall be as follows:
BOD (Denoting Biochemical Oxygen Demand): The quantity of oxygen utilized in biochemical oxidation of organic matterunder standard laboratory procedure in five (5) days at twenty degrees Celsius (20°C), expressed in milligrams per liter.
BUILDING DRAIN: That part of the lowest piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys it to the building sewer or other approved point of discharge, beginning five feet (5') (1.5 meters) outside the inner face of the building wall.
BUILDING SEWER: The extension from the building drain to the public sewer or other place of disposal.
EFFLUENT CRITERIA: Are defined in any applicable NPDES permit.
FLOATABLE OIL: Oil, fat or grease in a physical state such that it will separate by gravity from wastewater by treatment in an approved pretreatment facility. A wastewater shall be considered free of floatable fat if it is properly pretreated and the wastewater does not interfere with the collection system.
GARBAGE: Solid wastes from the domestic and commercial preparation, cooking and dispensing of food, and from the handling, storage and sale of produce.
INDUSTRIAL WASTE: Any solid, liquid or gaseous substance discharged, permitted to flow or escaping from any industrial, manufacturing, commercial or business establishment or process or from the development, recovery or processing of any natural resource as distinct from sanitary sewage.
MILLIGRAMS PER LITER: A unit of the concentration of water or wastewater constituent. It is 0.001 g of the constituent in 1,000 ml of water. It has replaced the unit formerly used commonly, parts per million, to which it is approximately equivalent, in reporting the results of water and wastewater analysis.
NATURAL OUTLET: Any outlet into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake or other body of surface or groundwater.
pH: The logarithm (base 10) of the reciprocal of the hydrogen-ion concentration expressed by one of the procedures outlined in "Standard Methods".
ppm: Parts per million by weight.
PERSON: Any and all persons, natural or artificial, including any individual, firm, company, municipal or private corporation, association, society, institution, enterprise, governmental agency or other entity.
POPULATION EQUIVALENT: A term used to evaluate the impact of industrial or other waste on a treatment works or stream. One population equivalent is one hundred (100) gallons of sewageper day, containing 0.17 pounds of BOD and 0.22 pounds of suspended solids.
PRETREATMENT: The treatment of wastewaters from sources before introduction into the sewerage works.
PROPERLY SHREDDED GARBAGE: The wastes from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food that has been shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater than one-half inch (1/2") (1.27 centimeters) in any dimension.
PUBLIC SEWER: A sewer provided by or subject to the jurisdiction of the City. It shall also include sewers within or outside the City boundaries that serve one or more persons and ultimately discharge into the City sewers, even though those sewers may not have been constructed with City of Naperville funds.
SANITARY SEWER: A sewer that conveys sewage or industrial wastes or a combination of both and into which storm, surface and groundwaters or unpolluted industrial wastes are not intentionally admitted.
SEWAGE: Used interchangeably with "wastewater".
SEWER: A pipe or conduit for conveying sewage or any other waste liquids, including storm, surface and groundwater drainage.
SEWERAGE WORKS: The system of sewers and appurtenances for the collection, transportation, pumping and treatment of wastewater and discharge of effluent.
SLUG: Any discharge of water, sewage or industrial waste which in concentration of any given constituent or in quantity of flow exceeds for any period of duration longer than fifteen (15) minutes more than five (5) times the average twenty four (24) hour concentration or flows during normal operation.
STANDARD METHODS: The examination and analytical procedures set forth in the most recent edition of "Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater" published jointly by the American Public Health Association, the American Water Works Association and the Water Pollution Control Federation.
STORM SEWER: A sewer that carries storm, surface and groundwater drainage but excludes sewage and industrial wastes other than unpolluted cooling water.
STORMWATER RUNOFF: That portion of the precipitation that is drained into the sewers.
SUSPENDED SOLIDS: Solids that either float on the surface of, or are in suspension in, water, sewage or industrial waste,and which are removable by a laboratory filtration device. Quantitative determination of suspended solids shall be made in accordance with procedures set forth in "Standard Methods".
UNPOLLUTED WATER: Water of quality equal to or better than the effluent criteria in effect or water that would not cause violation of receiving water quality standards and would not be benefited by discharge to the sanitary sewers and wastewater treatment facilities provided.
WASTEWATER: The spent water of a wastewater service customer of the City. It may be a combination of the liquid and water-carried wastes from residences, commercial buildings, industrial plants and institutions, together with any groundwater, surface water and storm water that may be present.
WASTEWATER FACILITIES: Synonymous with "sewerage works".
WASTEWATER TREATMENT WORKS: An arrangement of devices and structures for treating wastewater, industrial wastes and sludge. Sometimes used as synonymous with "waste treatment plant" or "pollution control plant".
WATER QUALITY STANDARDS: Defined in the Water Pollution Regulations of Illinois.
WATERCOURSE: A channel in which a flow of water occurs, either continuously or intermittently.
A. Permit Required: No unauthorized personnel shall uncover, make any connections with or opening into, use, alter or disturb any public sewer or appurtenance thereof without first obtaining a written permit from the City.
B. Two Classes of Permits: There shall be two (2) classes of building sewer permits:
1. For residential and commercial service, and
2. For service to establishments producing industrial wastes.
In either case, the owner or his agent shall make application on a form furnished by the City. The permit application shall be supplemented by any plans, specifications or other information considered pertinent in the judgment of the Director of Public Works. Connection and inspection fees as established by this Chapter shall be paid to the City at the time the application is filed. All nonresidential applicants shall, as a condition of permit authorization, provide information describing its wastewater constituents, characteristics and type of activity. No excavations orconstruction of sewer lines shall occur unless a permit has been previously issued therefor.
C. Issuance of Permit Conditioned Upon Sufficient Capacity: A building sewer permit will only be issued and a sewer connection shall only be allowed if it can be demonstrated that the downstream sewerage facilities, including sewers, pump stations and wastewater treatment facilities, have sufficient reserve capacity to adequately and efficiently handle the additional anticipated waste load.
7-4D-4: EXPENSES BORNE BY OWNER:
All costs and expenses incident to the installation and connection of the building sewer shall be borne by the owner. The owner shall indemnify the City from any loss or damage that may directly or indirectly be occasioned by the installation of the building sewer.
7-4D-5: SEPARATE SEWERS:
A separate and independent building sewer shall be provided for every building.
7-4D-6: CONFORMANCE TO CODE:
The size, slope, alignment, materials of construction of a building sewer, and the methods to be used in excavating, placing of the pipe, jointing, testing and backfilling the trench, shall all conform to the requirements of the Building and Plumbing Codes or other applicable rules and regulations of the City. In the absence of code provisions or in amplification thereof, the materials and procedures set forth in appropriate specifications of the American society of testing materials shall be complied with. Water pollution control federal manual of practice no. 9 and standard specifications for water and sewer main construction in Illinois, 1973 edition, shall apply, three (3) copies of each being on file in the office of the city clerk, and which are hereby adopted by reference. (Ord. 503, 4-21-1980, eff. 5-1-1980)
7-4D-7: SEWER ELEVATION:
All buildings shall be served by overhead sewer connections. (Ord. 761, 5-20-1985)
7-4D-8: CONNECTIONS OF SURFACE RUNOFF WATER:
No person(s) shall make connection of roof downspouts, exterior foundation drains, areaway drains or other sources ofsurface runoff or ground water to a building sewer or building drain which in turn is connected directly or indirectly to a public sanitary sewer. (Ord. 503, 4-21-1980, eff. 5-1-1980)
7-4D-9: CONNECTION TO PUBLIC SEWER:
A. Conformance With Codes: The connection of the building sewer into the public sewer shall conform to the requirements of the building and plumbing codes, other applicable rules and regulations of the city and the procedures set forth in appropriate specifications of the American society of testing materials, water pollution control federation manual of practice no. 9, and standard specifications for water and sewer main construction in Illinois. All such connections shall be made gastight and watertight. Any deviation from the prescribed procedures and materials must be approved by the city before installation.
B. Supervision: The applicant for the building sewer permit shall notify the city when the building sewer is ready for inspection and connection to the public sewer. The connection shall be made under the supervision of the city or its representative. (Ord. 503, 4-21-1980, eff. 5-1-1980)
7-4D-10: EXCAVATIONS AND RESTORATION:
All excavations for building sewer installations shall be adequately guarded with barricades and lights so as to protect the public hazard. Streets, sidewalks, parkways and other public property disturbed in the course of the work shall be restored in a manner satisfactory to the city. If such work does not conform to the building code or this chapter, the city may complete the work and bill the occupant or owner of the premises, and the amount thereof shall be a lien against the premises to the same extent and with the same effect as delinquent water and sewer charges. (Ord. 503, 4-21-1980, eff. 5-1-1980)
7-4D-11: DISCHARGES INTO STORM SEWERS:
A. Storm Water To Be Discharged Into Storm Sewers: Storm water and all other unpolluted drainage shall be discharged to such sewers as are specifically designated as storm sewers, or to a natural outlet approved by the city. Industrial cooling water or unpolluted process waters may be discharged on approval of the city, to a storm sewer or natural outlet. (Ord. 503, 4-21-1980, eff. 5-1-1980)
B. Discharge Of Sanitary And Industrial Wastewater Into Storm Sewers: It shall be unlawful for any person to discharge sanitary and industrial wastewater into the storm sewers constructed as part of an Illinois Route 56 or Illinois Route 59 improvement; nor shall there be any discharge of wastewaterinto any storm sewer in the city. (Ord. 1373, 3-6-1995)
Any person violating this subsection shall be fined not less than fifty dollars ($50.00) nor more than five hundred dollars ($500.00) for each offense, and a separate offense shall be deemed committed for each and every day during which a violation continues or exists. (Ord. 406, 12-4-1978)
7-4D-12: CERTAIN DISCHARGES INTO SANITARY SEWERS PROHIBITED:
A. Storm Water: No person shall discharge or allow to be discharged any storm water, surface water, ground water, roof runoff, subsurface drainage, uncontaminated cooling water or unpolluted industrial process waters to any sanitary sewer.
B. Disposal Unlawful: All disposal by any person into the sewer system is unlawful except those discharges in compliance with federal standards promulgated pursuant to the federal act and more stringent state and local standards.
C. Prohibited Connections: No person shall connect or cause the connection, either directly or indirectly, of any of the following (hereinafter referred to as "storm water connections") to any public sanitary sewer or permit any such existing connection to remain connected:
1. Building storm drains.
2. Driveway drains.
3. Roof downspouts.
4. Exterior foundation drains.
5. Areaway drains.
6. Area drains.
7. Patio drains.
8. Yard drains.
9. Combination drains.
10. Storm sumps.
11. Diverter valves.
12. Sump pump drains or outlet pipes which collect or include the collection of rainwater, storm water or ground water.
13. Any drain, pump, outlet or other structure which admits surface water runoff or ground water.
D. Disconnection Of Prohibited Connections: Any prohibited connection as defined in this section shall be disconnected, not later than one hundred eighty (180) days after notice from the city, by the property owner or agent responsible for maintenance of any structure or property having a connection to a public sanitary sewer. Once disconnected, a prohibited connection shall not be reconnected, and any such reconnection shall be a separate violation immediately subject to the penalties hereinafter provided.
E. Penalties: Any person who violates any provision of this section, upon being found guilty of violation, shall be subject to a fine of two hundred fifty dollars ($250.00) for the first violation. Any person who fails to correct any violation of this section within thirty (30) days after being found guilty of such violation ("first compliance period") shall be subject to a fine of five hundred dollars ($500.00). Any person who fails to correct any violation of this section within sixty (60) days after being found guilty of such violation ("second compliance period") shall be subject to a fine of seven hundred fifty dollars ($750.00). Each day on which the violation continues beyond the aforesaid second compliance period shall be deemed a separate offense. (Ord. 1981, 5-20-2002)
7-4D-13: CERTAIN DISCHARGE INTO PUBLIC SEWERS PROHIBITED:
No person shall discharge or allow to be discharged any of the following described waters or wastes to any public sewers:
A. Any gasoline, benzene, naphtha, fuel oil or other flammable or explosive liquid, solid or gas.
B. Any waters or wastes containing toxic or poisonous solids, liquids or gases in sufficient quantity, either singly or by interaction with other wastes, to injure or interfere with any sewage treatment process, constitute a hazard to humans or animals, create a public nuisance or create any hazard in the receiving waters of the wastewater treatment plant.
C. Any waters or wastes having a pH lower than 5.5 or having any other corrosive property capable of causing damage or hazard to structures, equipment and personnel of the sewerage works.
D. Solid or viscous substances in quantities or of such size capable of causing obstruction to the flow in sewers, or other interference with the proper operation of the sewerage works such as, but not limited to, ashes, cinders, sand, mud, straw, shavings, metal, glass, rags, feathers, tar, plastics, wood, unground garbage, whole blood, paunch manure, hair and fleshings, entrails and paper dishes, cups, milk containers, either whole or ground by garbage grinders. (Ord. 503, 4-21-1980, eff. 5-1-1980)
7-4D-14: CERTAIN DISCHARGES PROHIBITED UNLESS APPROVED:
No person shall discharge or allow to be discharged the following described substances, materials, waters or wastes if the director of public works shall determine that such wastes are harmful to either the sewers, wastewater treatment process or equipment of sewerage works; have an adverse affect on the receiving stream; or otherwise endanger life, limb, public property or constitute a nuisance. In making such determination as to the acceptability of these wastes, the director of public works shall give consideration to such factors as the quantities of subject wastes in relation to flows and velocities in the sewers, materials of construction of the sewers, nature of the wastewater treatment process, capacity of the wastewater treatment plant, degree of treatability of wastes in the wastewater treatment plant and maximum limits established by regulatory agencies. Any such determination may be appealed to the city council by any person affected by such determination. The decision of the city council on such appeal shall be final. The substances prohibited are:
A. Any liquid or vapor having a temperature higher than one hundred fifty degrees Fahrenheit (150°F) (65°C).
B. Any waters or wastes containing toxic or poisonous materials; or oils, whether emulsified or not, in excess of one hundred milligrams per liter (100 mg/l) or containing substances which may solidify or become viscous at temperatures between thirty two degrees Fahrenheit (32°F) and one hundred fifty degrees Fahrenheit (150°F) (0 and 65°C).
C. Any garbage that has not been properly shredded. The installation and operation of any garbage grinder equipped with a motor of three-fourths (3/4) horsepower (0.76 hp metric) or greater shall be subject to the review and approval of the city.
D. Any waters or wastes containing iron pickling wastes, or concentrated plating solutions whether neutralized or not.
E. Any waste at any time containing more than the maximum concentration in milligrams per liter of any substance shown in the following table:
Chromium (total triv.)
Chromium (total hexav.)
F. Any waters or wastes containing taste or odor producing substances.
G. Any radioactive wastes or isotopes of such half life or concentration as may exceed limits established by applicable state or federal regulations.
H. Any waters or wastes having a pH in excess of 9.5.
I. Materials which exert or cause:
1. Unusual concentrations of inert suspended solids such as, but not limited to, fuller's earth, lime slurries and limit residues or of dissolved solids (such as, but not limited to, sodium chloride and sodium sulfate);
2. Excessive discoloration (such as, but not limited to, dye wastes and vegetable tanning solutions);
3. Unusual BOD, chemical oxygen demand or chlorine requirements in such quantities as to constitute a significant load on the wastewater treatment works;
4. Unusual volume of flow or concentration of wastes constituting "slugs" as defined herein.
J. Waters or wastes containing substances which are not amendable to treatment or reduction by the wastewater treatment processes employed, or are amendable to treatment only to such degree that the wastewater treatment plant effluent cannot meet the requirements of agencies having jurisdiction over discharge to the receiving waters. (Ord. 503, 4-21-1980, eff. 5-1-1980)
7-4D-15: DISCHARGE PRETREATMENT STANDARDS, EPA:
If any waters or wastes are discharged or are proposed to be discharged to the public sewers, which waters contain the substances or possess the characteristics enumerated in this article, and/or which are in violation of the standards for pretreatment provided in chapter 1
, EPA rules and regulations, subchapter D, water programs part 12B _ pretreatment standards, federal register volume 38, no. 215, Thursday, November 8, 1973, and any amendments thereto, and which may have a deleterious effect upon the sewerage works, processes, equipment or receiving waters, or which otherwise create a hazard to life or constitute a public nuisance, the city may:
A. Reject the wastes;
B. Require pretreatment to an acceptable condition for discharge to the public sewers;
C. Require control over the quantities and rates of discharge; and/or
D. Require payment to cover the added costs of handling and treating such wastes under the provisions of this article.
If the city permits the pretreatment or equalization of waste flows, the design and installation of the plants and equipment shall be subject to the review and approval of the city and subject to the requirements of all applicable codes, ordinances and laws. (Ord. 503, 4-21-1980, eff. 5-1-1980)
Grease, oil and sand interceptors shall be provided when they are necessary for the proper handling of liquid wastes containing grease in excessive amounts, or any flammable wastes, sand or other harmful ingredients; except that such interceptors shall not be required for private living quarters or dwelling units. All interceptors shall be of a type and capacity approved by the city and shall be located as to be readily and easily accessible for cleaning and inspection. (Ord. 503, 4-21-1980, eff. 5-1-1980)
When preliminary treatment or flow equalizing facilities are provided, they shall be maintained continuously in satisfactory and effective operation by the owner at his expense. (Ord. 503, 4-21-1980, eff. 5-1-1980)
7-4D-18: CONTROL MANHOLES:
Each industry shall be required to install a control manholeand, when required by the city, the owner of any property serviced by a building sewer carrying industrial wastes shall install a suitable control manhole together with such necessary meters and other appurtenances in the building sewer to facilitate observation, sampling and measurement of the wastes. Such manhole, when required, shall be accessibly and safely located, and shall be constructed in accordance with plans approved by the city. The manhole shall be installed by the owner at his expense, and shall be maintained by him so as to be safe and accessible at all times. (Ord. 503, 4-21-1980, eff. 5-1-1980)
7-4D-19: LABORATORY ANALYSES:
The owner of any property serviced by a building sewer carrying industrial wastes shall provide laboratory measurements, tests and analyses of waters and wastes to illustrate compliance with this article and any special conditions or discharge established by the city or regulatory agencies having jurisdiction over the discharge. The number, type and frequency of laboratory analyses to be performed by the owner shall be as stipulated by the city, but no less than once per year the industry must supply a complete analysis of the constituents of the wastewater discharge to assure that compliance with the federal, state and local standards are being met. The owner shall report the results of measurements and laboratory analyses to the city at such times and in such manner as prescribed by the city. The owner shall bear the expense of all measurements, analyses and reporting required by the city. At such times as deemed necessary, the city reserves the right to take measurements and samples for analysis by an outside laboratory service. (Ord. 503, 4-21-1980, eff. 5-1-1980)
7-4D-20: STANDARDS FOR TESTS, MEASUREMENTS AND ANALYSES:
All measurements, tests and analyses of the characteristics of waters and wastes to which reference is made in this chapter shall be determined in accordance with the latest edition of "Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater", published by the American Public Health Association, and shall be determined at the control manhole provided, or upon suitable samples taken at said control manhole. In the event that no special manhole has been required, the control manhole shall be considered to be the nearest downstream manhole in the public sewer to the point at which the building sewer is connected. Sampling shall be carried out by customarily accepted methods to reflect the effect of constituents upon the sewage works and to determine the existence of hazards to life, limb and property. The particular analyses involved will determine whether a twenty four (24) hour composite of all outfalls of a premises is appropriate or whether a grab sample or samples should be taken. Normally, BOD and suspended solids analyses areobtained from twenty four (24) hour composites of all outfalls, whereas pHs are determined from periodic grab samples. (Ord. 503, 4-21-1980, eff. 5-1-1980)
7-4D-21: SPECIAL AGREEMENTS:
No statement contained in this article shall be construed as preventing any special agreement or arrangement between the city and any industrial concern whereby an industrial waste of unusual strength or character may be accepted by the city for treatment, subject to payment therefor, by the industrial concern, provided such payments are in accordance with federal and state guidelines for user charge system and industrial cost recovery system. (Ord. 503, 4-21-1980, eff. 5-1-1980)
7-4D-22: DEPOSIT OF OBJECTIONABLE WASTE PROHIBITED:
It shall be unlawful for any person to place, deposit or permit to be deposited, in any unsanitary manner on public or private property within the city or in any area under the jurisdiction of the city, any human or animal excrement, garbage or other objectionable waste. (Ord. 503, 4-21-1980, eff. 5-1-1980)
7-4D-23: DISCHARGE OF POLLUTED WATERS PROHIBITED:
It shall be unlawful to discharge to any natural outlet within the city or in any area under the jurisdiction of the city, any sewage or other polluted waters, except where suitable treatment has been provided in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. (Ord. 503, 4-21-1980, eff. 5-1-1980)
7-4D-24: MALICIOUS DAMAGE PROHIBITED:
No person shall maliciously, wilfully or negligently break, damage, destroy or tamper with any structure, appurtenance or equipment which is a part of the sewerage works. (Ord. 503, 4-21-1980, eff. 5-1-1980)
7-4D-25: ENTRANCE UPON PROPERTIES:
The director of public works and other duly authorized employees of the city bearing proper credentials and identification, shall be permitted to enter all properties for the purposes of inspection, observation, measurement, sampling and testing in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. In the event that the director of public works or other duly authorized employee is refused admittance or is in any way hindered in the making of the inspection, the director of public works or his duly authorized agent may apply to any court of competent jurisdiction for an order commanding theowner or occupant of any premises to permit access for purposes herein described. The director of public works or his representative shall have no authority to inquire into any processes, including metallurgical, chemical, oil refining, ceramic, paper or other industries, beyond that point having a direct bearing on the kind and source of discharge to the sewers or waterway or facilities for waste treatment. (Ord. 1981, 5-20-2002)
7-4D-26: COMPLIANCE WITH SAFETY RULES:
While performing the necessary work on private properties, the director of public works or duly authorized employees of the city, shall observe all safety rules applicable to the premises established by the company. (Ord. 503, 4-21-1980, eff. 5-1-1980)
7-4D-27: DEFECTIVE SEWERS:
Whenever a building sewer or drain is obstructed or otherwise found to be broken or defective so that sewage or drainage escapes into surrounding soils or into adjacent premises, repair or replacement may be ordered by the director of public works. Such repair or replacement shall be at the expense of the owner or person in control of the property concerned. It shall be the responsibility of the property owner to maintain and keep in repair the sewer service line between the collector sewer and the building. The city may, in case of emergency, repair any sewer service lines, and if this is done, the owner shall be responsible for the cost of such work and the amount thereof shall be a lien against the premises to the same extent and with the same effect as delinquent water and sewer charges. (Ord. 503, 4-21-1980, eff. 5-1-1980)
7-4D-28: OLD SEWERS TO MEET REQUIREMENTS:
Old building sewers may be used in connection with new buildings only when they are found, on examination and test by the city, to meet all requirements of this chapter. (Ord. 503, 4-21-1980, eff. 5-1-1980)
7-4D-29: REIMBURSEMENT FOR DISCONNECTION OF DRAINS FROM SANITARY SEWER SYSTEM:
Any property owner or any agent who is responsible for maintenance of any structure or property within the city, which is served by any drain or outlet pipe or other structure, as set forth in this chapter, for which disconnection is required, may be eligible for partial reimbursement for actual out of pocket expenses incurred as a consequence of performing or having performed storm water connection work in accordance with the requirements of thischapter. The reimbursement amount, if any, shall be subject to prior appropriation by the city and further subject to the terms and conditions of the city program, as it may exist from time to time. (Ord. 1981, 5-20-2002)
7-4D-30: CIVIL LIABILITY:
In addition to the penalties set forth in section 1-4-1
of this code, any person who shall damage any portion or component of the sewerage works of the city by violating any provision in this article, or otherwise, shall be civilly liable to the city for such damage. (Ord. 503, 4-21-1980, eff. 5-1-1980)